Teach social skills to reinforce the rules for collaborative behaviour
Additional reference: MOE teacher CoL Indicators
Teacher roles for collaborative learning http://www.flickr.com/photos/bre/499807745/ used under CC licence
CSCL = computer-supported collaborative learning
A field of study centrally concerned with meaning and the practices of meaning- making in the context of joint activity, and the ways in which these practices are mediated through designed artifacts (Stahl, Koschmann, & Suthers (2006).
CSCL http://www.flickr.com/photos/ben_grey/4832655997/ used under CC licence
Several people work to create and edit a single document
Like group spaces in our class wiki
The most famous example is Wikipedia , a publicly edited encyclopedia
Example of CSCL: Wikis
Like our LinoIt
Example of CSCL: Group Scribbles http://gs.lsl.nie.edu.sg/
Self-directed learning (SDL) is any increase in knowledge, skill, accomplishment, or personal development that an individual selects and brings about by his or her own efforts using any method in any circumstances at any time.
(Gibbons, 2002. p. 2)
Self-Directed Learning http://www.flickr.com/photos/kwerfeldein/3037976252/ used under CC licence
Articulate personal learning gaps
Set one’s learning goals and identify learning tasks to achieve the goals
Formulate questions and generate own inquiries
Explore alternatives and make personal sound decisions
Plan and manage workload and time effectively
Reflect on their learning and use feedback to improve their schoolwork
Apply learning in new contexts
Additional resource: MOE SDL indicators for students
What Will Your Students Be Doing When They Self-Direct Their Learning? http://www.flickr.com/photos/seandreilinger/3877385912/ used under CC licence
However, our students must gradually acquire these skills over several years and with lots of practice and assistance from the teachers
How can we develop self-directed learners, from primary school through secondary school and into adulthood?
Record your thoughts in your personal wiki page
Self-directed learning http://www.flickr.com/photos/hmns/4184563185/ used under CC licence
Watch this video: http://www.edutopia.org/east-technology-lab-video
Take notes on:
What types of learning activities are the students involved in?
In what ways are these activities self-directed? (Refer to the previous slide)
Do you see the other dimensions of meaningful learning here?
Record your thoughts in your personal wiki page and be prepared to share with the class
The SDL Spectrum Incidental self-directed learning “ The occasional introduction of SDL activities into courses or programs that are otherwise teacher-directed.” Teaching students to think independently “ Courses or programs that emphasise the personal pursuit of meaning through exploration, inquiry, problem solving and creative activity.” Self-managed learning “ Courses or programs presented through learning guides that students complete independently.” Self-planned learning “ Courses or programs in which students pursue course outcomes through activities they design themselves.” Self-directed learning “ Courses or programs in which students choose the outcomes, design their own activities and pursue them in their own way.” Source: http://www.selfdirectedlearning.com/SDLProgram.html Low degree of self-direction High degree of self-direction
Establish learning partnerships with students
Teach and support students how to do the following:
Self-monitoring of progress
Self-reflection and evaluation of learning progress and gaps
Develop strategies to address learning gaps
Additional resource MOE SDL indicators for teachers
How do teachers support SDL? http://www.flickr.com/photos/jiscinfonet/2328293465/ used under CC licence
A written agreement negotiated between a teacher and student with respect to how the student intends to achieve a learning goal
Steps and schedule for achieving the objectives
Deliverables to indicate achievement of objectives
Criteria of assessment
Example of SDL: Learning Contracts
Role of teacher
Negotiates with student to make sure that the contract meets required academic rigour
Monitors and supports students to achieve the learning contract
Examples of actual contracts: http://www.slideshare.net/itsco/leveraging-technology-to-differentiate-instruction (See slides 17-20)
Example of SDL: Learning Contracts
Blogs as a platform for you to reflect on your learning
Using KWLQ to scaffold your individually work in your group blogs
SDL with ICT: Blogging
These can help students to generate questions and conduct their own inquiry
Simulations, Virtual Worlds & Dataloggers
Watch this video: http://www.futurelab.org.uk/resources/multimedia/video/Video279
In your personal wiki page, explain which lesson activities support each dimension of meaningful learning.
The dimensions of meaningful learning Dimension Learning Activity Why the activity supports the dimension
Other activities http://ict-course.pbworks.com/Demo-ideas#Whatmightademolooklike
Lee, C.B., & Teo, T. (2010). Fostering self-directed learning with ICT. In C.S. Chai & Q.Y. Wang (Eds.), ICT for self-directed and collaborative learning (pp.40-52). Singapore: Pearson.
Chai, C.S., & Tan, S.C. (2010). Collaborative learning and ICT. In C.S. Chai & Q.Y. Wang (Eds.), ICT for self-directed and collaborative learning (pp.53-70). Singapore: Pearson.
Gibbons, M. (2002). The self-directed learning handbook: Challenging adolescent students to excel . San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Johnson, D.W., & Johnson, F.P. (2009). Cooperative learning in the classroom. In Joining together: Group theory and group skills (pp. 472-499).
Stahl, G., Koschmann, T., & Suthers, D. (2006). Computer-supported collaborative learning: An historical perspective. In R. K. Sawyer (Ed.), Cambridge handbook of the learning sciences (pp. 409-426). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Available at http://GerryStahl.net/cscl/CSCL_English.pdf
Chai, C. S., Wang, Q. (Eds.) (2010). ICT for Self-directed learning and Collaborative learning . Singapore: Prentice Hall . Chapter 6.
Divaharan, S. & Choy, D. (2007). Designing and facilitating student-centred learning. In Quek, C.L., Wong, A. F.L. & Tay, M.Y. (Eds.), Engaging and managing learners: Practitioners perspectives . (pp. 135-150). Singapore: Pearson: Prentice-Hall.
Wong, A. F. L., & Divaharan, S. (2007). Delivering and managing whole class teaching. In Quek, C. L., Wong, A. F. L., & Tay, M. Y. (Eds.), Engaging and managing learners: Practitioners' perspectives (pp. 83-104). Singapore: Pearson: Prentice-Hall.
Wong, H. K. & Wong, R. T. (1998). The first days of school. Singapore: Harry K. Wong publications.
Arends, R. I. (2004). Learning to teach . (6th Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.