MP I: Top-Down Approach by MOE in 1997 Infrastructure – Provision of school-wide networks, and computers for pupils and laptops for teachers Teacher Preparation – Basic Skills (Word, Excel, Powerpoint) and integration Software: Acquired by MOE and sent to schools Support: Engaged industrial partners to provide technical support
MP II: Masterplan II was unveiled in July 2002 Consolidated and built on the achievements of the first Masterplan, and Provide the overall direction on how schools could harness the possibilities offered by IT for learning
Initiated in 2009
Your students are already using ICT at home and in their daily lives, so why not in school? School should not just prepare them for their lives but mirror it as well. We do away with the mindset that we can keep teaching the outdated way. We are not preparing our students for our present or for our past, but for their future!
Teaching must change to stay relevant. Media change rapidly (printed text, radio, TV, YouTube), but we are slow to respond to its affordances. This YouTube video shows how a group of people has taken advantage of the affordances of interactivity, collaboration and personal broadcasting that TV cannot. Likewise educators should respond to the affordances of new media and teach in more meaningful ways.
According to Jonassen, Howland, Marra, and Crismond (2008), when technologies are used to engage students in active, constructive, intentional, authentic, and cooperative learning, the students learn more. These characteristics of meaningful learning are consistent with the strategic goals of the MOE’s third ICT Master Plan (MP3): self-directed and collaborative learning. To achieve meaningful learning, learning should be set in authentic setting. The notion of self-directed learning is closely related to the elements of meaningful learning, namely the active, constructive and intentional learning. Self-directed learners are intentional in that they set goals and monitor their own progress towards the goals. They actively make sense of the phenomenon that they are studying and construct models and theories to represent their progressive understanding. The notion of collaborative learning is equivalent to cooperative learning as put forward by Jonassen and his colleagues. To solve authentic problems, learners and knowledge workers have to usually work in collaboration to share the cognitive tasks.
Experiencing edublogging Edublogging vs blogosphere blogging Documentation and reflection Teaching one another; informal learning opportunities
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Introduction: What is ICT? What is Meaningful Learning?