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Session 3 Pedagogical Approaches
<ul><li>Definitions of pedagogy and pedagogical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Activities: Study pedagogical approaches by usi...
<ul><li>What do you think “pedagogy” means? </li></ul><ul><li>Simply put,  pedagogy is how teachers teach ; includes the s...
<ul><li>What are pedagogical approaches? </li></ul><ul><li>They are the overall perspectives used to plan and implement on...
<ul><li>Examples of pedagogical approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case-based learning  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiry-b...
<ul><li>Imagine that you are preparing a reference document on pedagogical approaches for the professional development of ...
<ul><li>You will use the  jig-saw method  to teach one another all of these strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Class will be div...
Initial groups (different colours =  different approaches)
After individual research, move to specialist groups (discuss with others who have researched the same approach)
Return to initial group and share your findings
<ul><li>Each group member is to conduct  individual research  on the assigned approach </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding questions...
<ul><li>After individual research, meet others with the same assigned approach to discuss what you have found (all the “A&...
<ul><li>For case-based, inquiry-based and project based learning, refer to MOE's Web site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://ict...
<ul><li>For  resource-based learning , refer to the following Web sites and study at least one example </li></ul><ul><li>O...
<ul><li>For  game-based learning , refer to the following Web sites and study at least one example </li></ul><ul><li>Overv...
<ul><li>Meet with others with the same area of expertise to discuss findings [20 min]: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the c...
<ul><li>Pedagogical approaches are not mutually exclusive   </li></ul><ul><li>How might approaches learned today be used f...
<ul><li>Wiki administrators: Remember to link your group wiki to the class wiki page! </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on today’s...
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Session 3: Pedagogical Approaches

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Exploration of various pedagogical approaches that facilitate meaningful learning with ICT.

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  • Tutor to decide how many approaches (X) to cover. Number of approaches determines X persons per group.
  • Tutor may provide a template as a guide (see bottom of page at http://nie-ict.pbworks.com/Pedagogical-Approaches-for-SDL-and-CL, which are given below) Tutor to decide electronic form of record beforehand Introduction Imagine that you are preparing a reference document on pedagogical approaches for the professional development of your colleagues in school. The information should be clear and concise as teachers are busy people. Each pedagogical approach should be described and illustrated in no more than the equivalent of one A4 size of paper. Remember to create links to the resources that you cite!   Guiding questions What is the focus (central idea) of the approach? What is/are the theory/theories behind the approach? How might the approach be applied in your classroom? Illustrate your answer with examples. Provide one example that you found and another example that you can think of.   Critiquing process What is not clear in this write-up? How does this approach seem to differ from the others?
  • Instructor to illustrate first point
  • Transcript of "Session 3: Pedagogical Approaches"

    1. 1. Session 3 Pedagogical Approaches
    2. 2. <ul><li>Definitions of pedagogy and pedagogical approach </li></ul><ul><li>Activities: Study pedagogical approaches by using the jig-saw method: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual research (30mins) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing the same pedagogical approach in a group (20mins) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing different approaches in a group (30mins) </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>What do you think “pedagogy” means? </li></ul><ul><li>Simply put, pedagogy is how teachers teach ; includes the styles of teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy is the science and art of teaching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science :  The knowledge of theories of learning and instructional strategies for teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art : Correctly putting theories into practice and the building up teaching experiences </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>What are pedagogical approaches? </li></ul><ul><li>They are the overall perspectives used to plan and implement one or more instructional strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Examples on next slide </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Examples of pedagogical approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case-based learning  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiry-based learning  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project-based learning  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource-based learning  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Game-based learning </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Imagine that you are preparing a reference document on pedagogical approaches for the professional development of your colleagues in school. </li></ul><ul><li>The information should be clear and concise as teachers are busy people. Each pedagogical approach should be described and illustrated in no more than the equivalent of one A4 size of paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to create links to the resources that you cite! </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>You will use the jig-saw method to teach one another all of these strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Class will be divided into groups of five </li></ul><ul><li>Each group member is represented by the letter A, B, C, D or E. </li></ul><ul><li>Your letter corresponds to the pedagogical approach assigned to the individual </li></ul>
    8. 8. Initial groups (different colours = different approaches)
    9. 9. After individual research, move to specialist groups (discuss with others who have researched the same approach)
    10. 10. Return to initial group and share your findings
    11. 11. <ul><li>Each group member is to conduct individual research on the assigned approach </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the central idea of the approach? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is/are the theory/theories behind the approach? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you learned from the examples? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How might the approach be applied in your classroom? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Record your notes in your own wiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assign one person in the group to be the wiki coordinator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinator must invite group members to the wiki and link the wiki to the class wiki </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>After individual research, meet others with the same assigned approach to discuss what you have found (all the “A&quot; persons meet as a group, all the “B&quot; persons meet...) to discuss findings </li></ul><ul><li>After refining your individual resource, return to your original group (A-B-C-D-E) </li></ul><ul><li>Share your area of expertise, critique one another's work, combine your resources  </li></ul><ul><li>Questions on your task? </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>For case-based, inquiry-based and project based learning, refer to MOE's Web site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://ict.edumall.sg/ict/slot/u111/engaging_it_practices/lib2learning.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://ict.edumall.sg/ict/slot/u111/engaging_it_practices/lib2inquiry.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://ict.edumall.sg/ict/slot/u111/engaging_it_practices/lib2project.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples for each approach (most are from primary schools). Study how the approach was used in the example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case-based learning http://ict.edumall.sg/ict/slot/u111/engaging_it_practices/1understanding.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiry-based learning http://ict.edumall.sg/ict/slot/u111/engaging_it_practices/1fieldwork.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project-based learning http://ict.edumall.sg/ict/slot/u111/engaging_it_practices/1ne.htm </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>For resource-based learning , refer to the following Web sites and study at least one example </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of RBL at http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/bestpractice/resource/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>More details and examples are available at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.llas.ac.uk/resources/gpg/409 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Resource-Based_Learning </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>For game-based learning , refer to the following Web sites and study at least one example </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of GBL at http://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/games/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Definition and examples at </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Game_Based_Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.e-learningcentre.co.uk/eclipse/Resources/games.htm </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Meet with others with the same area of expertise to discuss findings [20 min]: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the central idea of the approach? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is/are the theory/theories behind the approach? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What have you learned from the examples? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How might the approach be applied in your classroom? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meet with your original groups to critique one another's work and combine your resources [30 min] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is not clear in this write-up? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does this approach seem to differ from the others? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each group's resource must be clearly organised, coherent, and easy to read </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Pedagogical approaches are not mutually exclusive   </li></ul><ul><li>How might approaches learned today be used for self-directed and collaborative learning? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This area will be explored in depth next week </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Note: Your resource is an important reference material for subsequent assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Continue editing your group resource and complete it by next week  </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Wiki administrators: Remember to link your group wiki to the class wiki page! </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on today’s processes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have you come across any of the pedagogical approaches as a student? What was your experience like? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think is the relationship of these approaches? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What roles do the various ICT tools play in these approaches? </li></ul></ul>

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