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School counselors

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  • 1. School Counselors: Partners in Student Achievement Adapted from American School Counselor Association (ASCA) in collaboration National Model for School Counseling Programs to connect school counseling with current educational reform movements that emphasize student achievement and success.
  • 2. Overview The American School Counselor Association (ASCA) has collaborated to create a National Model for School Counseling Programs to connect school counseling with current educational reform movements that emphasize student achievement and success.
  • 3. Rationale •By aligning a counseling program with the school’s mission and school improvement plan, professional school counselors: • partner as leaders in systemic change • ensure equity and access • promote academic, career and personal/ social development for every student
  • 4. Historical Problems in School Counseling Programs • Lack of legitimization • Lack of consistent identity • Limited or no involvement in reform movements • Variation in roles from state to state and site to site • Non-school counselor responsibilities
  • 5. Varied and Conflicting Approaches • Vocational counselors vs. Mental Health counselors • Directive vs. Non-directive • Individualized services vs. Comprehensive program • Pre-service training varies as do administrative expectations
  • 6. Historical Problems Have Continued • Lack of basic philosophy • Poor integration • Insufficient student access • Inadequate guidance for some students • Lack of counselor accountability • Failure to utilize other resources Source: From Gatekeeper to Advocate. Transforming the Role of the School Counselor, Hart, P.J. & M. Jacobi (1992)
  • 7. From Entitlement… to Performance From a program that: To a program that: • Focuses generally on the • Focuses on outcomes and number of activities improved results • Measures the amount of effort • Attends to the process of • Measures impact related to doing work goals • Works to maintain the • Attends to goals, objectives, existing system and outcomes • Changes and adapts to be more responsive Source: McGowen, P. & Miller, J., “Changing the Entitlement Culture,” The American School Board Journal, August 1999, p.43
  • 8. From Entitlement… to Performance From counselors who: To counselors who: • Focus on good intentions • Focus on accomplishments • Talk about effectiveness • Talk about how hard they work • Know their future rests on accomplishments • Generally feel little need to • Communicate goals and change their behavior or objective approach Source: McGowen, P. & Miller, J., “Changing the Entitlement Culture,” The American School Board Journal, August 1999, p.43
  • 9. School Counseling Programs Are About Counseling Managing Resources Leadership Teaming Assessment Collaboration Technology Data-Driven Decisions Advocacy How are students different as a result of the school counseling program?
  • 10. ASCA National Model

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