School Counselors:Partners in Student Achievement<br />
Overview<br />The <br />American School Counselor Association (ASCA) <br />has collaborated to create a<br />National Mode...
Rationale<br />By aligning a counseling program with the school’s mission and school improvement plan, professional school...
ensure equity and access
promote academic, career and personal/ social development for every student</li></li></ul><li>Objectives<br />This session...
Historical Problems in School Counseling Programs<br />Lack of legitimization<br />Lack of consistent identity<br />Limite...
Varied and Conflicting Approaches<br />Vocational counselors vs. Mental Health counselors <br />Directive vs. Non-directiv...
Attempts to Unify the Profession<br />Gysbers & Henderson’s comprehensive programs <br />Johnson & Johnson's results-based...
Historical Problems Have Continued<br />Lack of basic philosophy<br />Poor integration<br />Insufficient student access<br...
Trends in Education<br />Education reform movement<br />Accountability<br />Standards-based movement<br />High-stakes test...
Current School Counseling Trends<br />ASCA’s National Standards for School Counseling Programs<br />Transforming School Co...
From Entitlement… to Performance<br />From a program that:<br />Focuses generally on the number of activities<br />Measure...
From Entitlement… to Performance<br />From counselors who:<br />Focus on good intentions<br />Talk about how hard they wor...
School Counseling Programs Are About<br />Counseling	Managing Resources<br />Leadership	Teaming<br />Assessment	Collaborat...
School Counseling Programs Are About<br />RESULTS.<br />How are students different as a result of the school counseling pr...
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School counselors

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School counselors

  1. 1. School Counselors:Partners in Student Achievement<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />The <br />American School Counselor Association (ASCA) <br />has collaborated to create a<br />National Model for School Counseling Programs <br />to connect school counseling with <br />current educational reform movements <br />that emphasize student achievement and success. <br />
  3. 3. Rationale<br />By aligning a counseling program with the school’s mission and school improvement plan, professional school counselors: <br /><ul><li>partner as leaders in systemic change
  4. 4. ensure equity and access
  5. 5. promote academic, career and personal/ social development for every student</li></li></ul><li>Objectives<br />This session reviews the four main components:<br />1) Foundation <br />2) Delivery System<br />3) Management System<br />4) Accountability<br />
  6. 6. Historical Problems in School Counseling Programs<br />Lack of legitimization<br />Lack of consistent identity<br />Limited or no involvement in reform movements<br />Variation in roles from state to state and site to site<br />Non-school counselor responsibilities<br />
  7. 7. Varied and Conflicting Approaches<br />Vocational counselors vs. Mental Health counselors <br />Directive vs. Non-directive<br />Individualized services vs. Comprehensive program<br />Pre-service training varies as do administrative expectations<br />
  8. 8. Attempts to Unify the Profession<br />Gysbers & Henderson’s comprehensive programs <br />Johnson & Johnson's results-based guidance<br />Myrick’s planned developmental guidance<br />
  9. 9. Historical Problems Have Continued<br />Lack of basic philosophy<br />Poor integration<br />Insufficient student access<br />Inadequate guidance for some students<br />Lack of counselor accountability<br />Failure to utilize other resources<br />Source: From Gatekeeper to Advocate. Transforming the Role of the School Counselor, Hart, P.J. & M. Jacobi (1992)<br />
  10. 10. Trends in Education<br />Education reform movement<br />Accountability<br />Standards-based movement<br />High-stakes testing<br />Achievement gap – equity and access<br />Block grants<br />Emphasis on improving school safety<br />Vouchers<br />Performance, not entitlement<br />
  11. 11. Current School Counseling Trends<br />ASCA’s National Standards for School Counseling Programs<br />Transforming School Counseling Initiative (Education Trust – Dewitt Wallace)<br />Increased number of state models<br />Results-based school counseling<br />Legislation for school counseling programs<br />ASCA’s National Model <br />
  12. 12. From Entitlement… to Performance<br />From a program that:<br />Focuses generally on the number of activities<br />Measures the amount of effort<br />Attends to the process of doing work<br />Works to maintain the existing system<br />To a program that:<br />Focuses on outcomes and improved results<br />Measures impact related to goals<br />Attends to goals, objectives, and outcomes<br />Changes and adapts to be more responsive<br />Source: McGowen, P. & Miller, J., “Changing the Entitlement Culture,” The American School Board Journal, August 1999, p.43<br />
  13. 13. From Entitlement… to Performance<br />From counselors who:<br />Focus on good intentions<br />Talk about how hard they work<br />Generally feel little need to change their behavior or approach<br />To counselors who:<br />Focus on accomplishments<br />Talk about effectiveness<br />Know their future rests on accomplishments<br />Communicate goals and objective<br />Source: McGowen, P. & Miller, J., “Changing the Entitlement Culture,” The American School Board Journal, August 1999, p.43<br />
  14. 14. School Counseling Programs Are About<br />Counseling Managing Resources<br />Leadership Teaming<br />Assessment Collaboration<br />Technology Data-Driven Decisions<br /> Advocacy<br />
  15. 15. School Counseling Programs Are About<br />RESULTS.<br />How are students different as a result of the school counseling program?<br />
  16. 16. We Exist To Effect Change In Students:AcquireImprove<br />Knowledge<br />Skills<br />Positive Attitude<br />Attendance<br />Behavior <br />Academic Achievement<br />
  17. 17. Paradigm Shift<br />From:<br />To:<br />Not only monitoring process and measuring services delivered<br />Focusing also on and measuring the results of our programs and services<br />
  18. 18. ASCA National Model<br />

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