The Sexual Double Standard
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The Sexual Double Standard

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The Sexual Double Standard The Sexual Double Standard Presentation Transcript

  • The Sexual Double Standard By: Ashley Garrison
  • Background - Kimmel
    • Sexual Double Standard still exists in how we think
    • Men gain power through sex by getting a woman to give it up
    • Women lose power by failing to keep men at bay
    • Double Standard is based on unequal power in our society
  • Previous Studies
    • Looked at two studies done be R. Milhausen & E. Herold and M. Marks & R. Fraley
    • Both found that the majority of people thought a double standard existed
    • Results did not support a sexual double standard
  • R. Milhausen and E. Herold
    • Hypothesis: Women will endorse a sexual double standard and the more sexual partners a woman has the more accepting she will be of men with many partners
    • Subjects: 174 unmarried undergraduate females
    • Procedure: Rate agreement with statements, then explain
    • Results: Did not support double standard, but the women thought one existed
  • M. Marks & R. Fraley
    • Hypothesis: as the number of sexual partners reported increases, male targets would be evaluated more positively and female targets more negatively
    • Subjects: thousands from an online study and 144 undergraduates from a university
    • Procedure: Given a page with questions and answers about a target. The targets were male or female with 0, 1, 3, 7, 12 or 19 sexual partners. The participants were then asked to rate evaluative statements about their target.
    • Results: Did not support a double standard. In the area of power/success and intelligence, targets were rated more negatively as the number of sexual partners increased with ratings for females being slightly more negative, but this accounted for less than 1% of the variance in evaluations.
  • Hypothesis & Subjects
    • Men and women are treated differently when it comes to sexual activity levels. Promiscuous men are praised for their ability to have intercourse with many different women while promiscuous women are harshly judged for their sexual acts.
    • 40 college aged students. 26 female, and 14 male.
  • Method - Survey
    • Participants were asked to rate statements according to the following scale: 1 – Strongly disagree, 2 – Disagree, 3 – Neutral, 4 – Agree, 5 – Strongly Agree
    • Men lose their virginity at a younger age than women
    • It is more acceptable for men to have one night stands that it is for women to
    • Women, in general, have fewer sexual partners than men do
    • Men are more likely to cheat on their significant other than women are
    • Women are more likely to wait until marriage to have sex
    • Men usually wait longer in between sexual partners than women do
    • Men are more likely to have sexual competitions with their friends than women are
    • It is more acceptable for women to have multiple sexual partners at once than it is for men to
    • Women are judged more harshly than men are for their sexual activity
  • Results 4.925 37 3 0 0 0 9 2.35 2 2 10 20 6 8 4.075 19 11 4 6 0 7 2.25 0 8 4 18 10 6 3.575 10 9 15 6 0 5 2.95 4 9 13 9 5 4 3.05 2 13 10 15 0 3 3.9 14 16 4 4 2 2 2.85 3 13 3 17 4 1 Average 5 4 3 2 1 Question 4.857143 4.961538 9 2.357143 2.346154 8 4.071429 4.076923 7 2.785714 1.961538 6 3.357143 3.692308 5 1.928571 3.5 4 2.357143 3.423077 3 4.285714 3.692308 2 1.785714 3.423077 1 Male Female Question
  • Results- Female
    • Neutral: age virginity is lost and number of sexual partners
    • Agreed: that it is more acceptable for men to have one night stands, men are more likely to cheat, women are more likely to wait until marriage for sex and men are more likely to engage in sexual competitions with friends
    • Disagreed: that men wait longer between sexual partners and that it is more acceptable for women to have multiple sexual partners at once
  • Results - Male
    • Neutral: who waits until marriage to have sex and length of time between sexual partners
    • Agreed: it is more acceptable for men to have one night stands and they are more likely to have sexual competitions with friends
    • Disagreed: Men lose virginity at a younger age, women have fewer sexual partners, men are more likely to cheat and it is more acceptable for women to have multiple sexual partners at once
  • Gender Overlap
    • Men and women agreed that it is more acceptable for men to have multiple sexual partners, men are more likely to engage in sexual competitions and it is more acceptable for men to have one night stands.
    • It was not surprising that each gender thought the other was more likely to cheat.
    • These results suggest some support for the sexual double standard. Both men and women felt that it men are judged less than women are for having multiple sexual partners at once and one night stands.
  • Conclusion
    • There is agreement that supports a sexual double standard – it is more acceptable for men to have multiple sexual partners at once and one night stands
    • Responses also suggest that there is cross gender agreement that men tend to be more sexually permissive that women do – women wait longer between sexual partners, women are more likely to wait until marriage to have sex and men are more likely to engage in sexual competitions.
  • Possible Explanations
    • Because participants felt that men have a higher sexual activity level they have become more accepting of it and that women are judged more harshly because it is not as common for them to have the same sexual activity level as men do.
    • The perception of a double standard could also be due to the fact that men discuss one night stands or having multiple sexual partners more than women do, so society has become more accustomed to hearing these types of acts about men and thus judge women more for them because it is not as familiar.
    • Society could feel that men are naturally sexual creatures and they therefore have an excuse for their sexual behavior while women do not.
  • References
    • Kimmel, Michael. 2008. The Gendered Society, Third Edition. New York, New York. Oxford.
    • Marks, M., & Fraley, R. (2005, February). The Sexual Double Standard: Fact or Fiction?. Sex Roles , 52 (3/4), 175-186. Retrieved July 27, 2009, doi:10.1007/s11199-005-1293-5
    • Milhausen, R., & Herold, E. (1999, November). Does the Sexual Double Standard Still Exist? Perceptions of University Women. Journal of Sex Research , 36 (4), 361-368. Retrieved July 27, 2009, from Academic Search Complete database.