Medicine in New England Renaissance<br />By Ashley Nedley<br />5/3/11<br />
Inventions	<br />ANESTHESIA<br />Vaccination<br />Stethescope<br />SURGERY<br />
INVENTIONS - ANESTHESIA<br />William Morton<br />	- October 16th, 1846<br />Purposeful Sleeping<br />No Pain<br />Ether mi...
Inventions - surgery<br />Before anesthesia<br />-painful and hard to perform<br />Punching and unconsciousness<br />Opium...
Inventions - vaccines<br />Edward Jenner <br />Exposure to the disease first<br />Immunity<br />injections<br />
Developments - surgery<br />- No Sanitation<br />- No Protection<br />- Open Spaces<br />No Gowns or Gloves<br />Kitchen T...
Developments – home remedies<br />Home made “cures”<br />Cutting or Draining blood from the body<br />Different teas and t...
DEVELOPMENTS – DISiNFECTING SURGICAL TOOLS<br />Disinfecting surgical tools was presented as a proposal in 1850 but was no...
Developments – preventative medicine<br />Vaccines<br />	- horrible pain<br />- dangerous<br />Medicines<br />- equal to t...
Developments – alternative medicine<br />Medieval tactics<br />Home remedies<br />Cutting and draining blood from the body...
Role of Women in Medicine<br />
THERE WAS NO SUCH THING AS WOMEN IN MEDICINE!!!!!<br />Good for making babies and being a wife to their husbands<br />
Scientific Research - anatomical<br />Physicals<br />- checking for signs of disease<br />- “neurological” exams<br />
Scientific research – preventative medicine<br />Vaccines<br />- exposure<br />- immunity<br />Cures/ medical preventative...
Scientific research – Clinical Studies<br />
 Scientific research – postmortem findings<br />Autopsy<br />Study of organs after death<br />Dangerous – no protection<br...
Diseases – syphilis<br />Treated with mercury and arsenic<br />	- many deaths<br />Painless sores<br />Fever <br />Fatigue...
these sores will be painless but very irritating
Many died from mercury poisoning</li></li></ul><li>Diseases - tuberculosis<br />Treatment:<br />Mercury<br />Smoking tobac...
Diseases - cholera<br />Caused by poor sanitation of water and facilities<br />Large intestine infection<br />Symptoms:<br...
Diseases - influenza<br />Common flu<br />Many die due to lack of treatment<br />Many were placed in a room (to the left) ...
DISEASES - MALARIA<br />Spread by mosquitoes<br />Symptoms:<br />	- HIGH FEVERS<br />- ANEMIA<br />- SHAKING CHILLS<br />-...
DISEASES – FOOD POISONING[ MOST COMMON ]<br />Most common disease in the 19th century<br />Poor sanitation <br />No way to...
Diseases – smallpox<br />Serious contagious disease<br />Causes a rash on the skin<br />Other symptoms may include vomitin...
Treatments<br />Cutting veins – Fever<br />Dover’s Powder<br />Opium and I Pecae<br />Treated: pain and induced sweating<b...
Treatments<br />calomel<br />Juniper berries<br />opium<br />Carbonate of magnesia<br />
Treatments<br />DRAGON’S BLOOD<br />DOVER’S POWDER<br />LAUDANAM<br />BLACK DROPS<br />
Treatments<br /><ul><li>Glue
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New medicine project

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New medicine project

  1. 1. Medicine in New England Renaissance<br />By Ashley Nedley<br />5/3/11<br />
  2. 2. Inventions <br />ANESTHESIA<br />Vaccination<br />Stethescope<br />SURGERY<br />
  3. 3. INVENTIONS - ANESTHESIA<br />William Morton<br /> - October 16th, 1846<br />Purposeful Sleeping<br />No Pain<br />Ether mixed with other odors<br />Letheon<br />* This form of anesthesia was less effective than the anesthesia used today*<br />
  4. 4. Inventions - surgery<br />Before anesthesia<br />-painful and hard to perform<br />Punching and unconsciousness<br />Opium and alcohol<br />Effects would cause death rather than a cure<br />*surgery was more dangerous due to no ways to take precautionary measures to protect patients and surgeons* <br />
  5. 5. Inventions - vaccines<br />Edward Jenner <br />Exposure to the disease first<br />Immunity<br />injections<br />
  6. 6. Developments - surgery<br />- No Sanitation<br />- No Protection<br />- Open Spaces<br />No Gowns or Gloves<br />Kitchen Tables or in a bedroom<br />Surgical tools were not sanitized or cleaned between surgeries<br />No such thing as “precautionary measures”<br />
  7. 7. Developments – home remedies<br />Home made “cures”<br />Cutting or Draining blood from the body<br />Different teas and types of milk<br />Lavender and chamomile<br />Rituals<br />stews<br />* MANY HOME REMEDIES ARE STILL USED TODAY BUT MAY BE CONSIDERED “OUT THERE” OR INSANE*<br />
  8. 8. DEVELOPMENTS – DISiNFECTING SURGICAL TOOLS<br />Disinfecting surgical tools was presented as a proposal in 1850 but was not accepted as a development until the mid-1860s<br />
  9. 9. Developments – preventative medicine<br />Vaccines<br /> - horrible pain<br />- dangerous<br />Medicines<br />- equal to the definition of allergy medications or neurological medications<br />* These measures were highly dangerous due to the exposure to diseases and how painful the vaccinations were*<br />
  10. 10. Developments – alternative medicine<br />Medieval tactics<br />Home remedies<br />Cutting and draining blood from the body<br />Other forms of treatment<br />- household items<br />Breaking bones<br />*Very dangerous*<br />*cutting/bleeding usually lead to death*<br />* Broken bones led to disease/death*<br />
  11. 11. Role of Women in Medicine<br />
  12. 12. THERE WAS NO SUCH THING AS WOMEN IN MEDICINE!!!!!<br />Good for making babies and being a wife to their husbands<br />
  13. 13. Scientific Research - anatomical<br />Physicals<br />- checking for signs of disease<br />- “neurological” exams<br />
  14. 14. Scientific research – preventative medicine<br />Vaccines<br />- exposure<br />- immunity<br />Cures/ medical preventatives<br />- home remedies<br />- tonics<br />
  15. 15. Scientific research – Clinical Studies<br />
  16. 16. Scientific research – postmortem findings<br />Autopsy<br />Study of organs after death<br />Dangerous – no protection<br />Bodies sold on the black market<br />Grave robbing for money<br />Used as a business<br />
  17. 17. Diseases – syphilis<br />Treated with mercury and arsenic<br /> - many deaths<br />Painless sores<br />Fever <br />Fatigue<br />Rash<br />Neurological problems<br /><ul><li>Picture shows sores on the palms of hands
  18. 18. these sores will be painless but very irritating
  19. 19. Many died from mercury poisoning</li></li></ul><li>Diseases - tuberculosis<br />Treatment:<br />Mercury<br />Smoking tobacco<br />Cod liver stew<br />Onion stew<br />Symptoms<br />- coughing up blood<br />- Fatigue<br /> - Fever<br /> - weight loss<br /> - sewating<br />
  20. 20. Diseases - cholera<br />Caused by poor sanitation of water and facilities<br />Large intestine infection<br />Symptoms:<br /> - watery diarrhea<br />- cramps<br />- excess thirst<br />- vomiting<br />* Picture shows poor sanitation in a 19th century “hospital”*<br />
  21. 21. Diseases - influenza<br />Common flu<br />Many die due to lack of treatment<br />Many were placed in a room (to the left) and were left to either die or let the symptoms dissipate<br />
  22. 22. DISEASES - MALARIA<br />Spread by mosquitoes<br />Symptoms:<br /> - HIGH FEVERS<br />- ANEMIA<br />- SHAKING CHILLS<br />- FLU LIKE SYMPTOMS<br />* TODAY MALARIA IS NOT CONTAGIOUS OR LIFE THREATENING (IF TREATED PROPERLY) BUT IN THE 19TH CENTURY THE DISEASE KILLED MANY*<br />
  23. 23. DISEASES – FOOD POISONING[ MOST COMMON ]<br />Most common disease in the 19th century<br />Poor sanitation <br />No way to preserve food<br />e.Coli<br />
  24. 24. Diseases – smallpox<br />Serious contagious disease<br />Causes a rash on the skin<br />Other symptoms may include vomiting<br />- aches<br />- fever<br />- shakes<br />In the 19th century, smallpox was the #1 killing disease<br />
  25. 25. Treatments<br />Cutting veins – Fever<br />Dover’s Powder<br />Opium and I Pecae<br />Treated: pain and induced sweating<br />Black Drops<br />Opium in vinegar<br />Laudanam<br />Opium, alcohol, sugar<br />Dragon’s Blood<br />Red pain resin<br />Treat impressions in the blood<br />
  26. 26. Treatments<br />calomel<br />Juniper berries<br />opium<br />Carbonate of magnesia<br />
  27. 27. Treatments<br />DRAGON’S BLOOD<br />DOVER’S POWDER<br />LAUDANAM<br />BLACK DROPS<br />
  28. 28. Treatments<br /><ul><li>Glue
  29. 29. Soap
  30. 30. Castor Oil
  31. 31. Carbonate (milk) of Magnesia
  32. 32. Opium
  33. 33. Iobelia
  34. 34. Juniper Berries
  35. 35. Tree Bark
  36. 36. Chili Peppers
  37. 37. Garlic
  38. 38. Calomel
  39. 39. Hypnotism</li></ul>ALL OF THESE WERE TRIED TO CURE SEVERAL DISEASES BUT NONE PREVAILED<br />
  40. 40. Works Cited<br />"Doctors and Diseases on the Oregon Trail." Historic Oregon City. Web. 25 Apr. 2011. <http://www.historicoregoncity.org/HOC/index.php/end-of- the-oregon-trail-history/oregon-trail-history/104-doctorsdiseases>.<br />"Modern Medicine in the 19th Century." Canadian Online Pharmacy | Canada Pharmacy | Prescription Drugs Online | Mail Order Rx Drug Store. Web. 25 April 2011. <http://www.buylowdrugs.com/pharmacy- articles/Modern-Medicine-in-the-19th-Century.php>.<br />"Overview: Medicine 1800-1899 Summary | BookRags.com." BookRags.com | Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Book Summaries and More. Web. 25 April 2011. http://www.bookrags.com/research/overview- medicine-1800-1899-scit-051234/>.<br /> "What Was The State of Medicine in the 1800s?" Nova Scotia Museum. Web. 25 Apr. 2011. <http://museum.gov.ns.ca/sv/history/medicine/_1_4.html>.<br />"19th Century Medicine." A Short History of Medical Careers. Web. 25 Apr. 2011. <http://library.thinkquest.org/15569/hist-9.html>.<br />

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