Don’T Keep Them In The Dark! 03

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Don’T Keep Them In The Dark! 03

  1. 1. Don’t Keep Them in the Dark! Teaching Metaphors to English Language Learners By Yu Ren Dong Ashley Brahosky TESL/TEFL Methodology
  2. 2. Steer clear of that topic! I’m dying to see the show. If driving is better in the winter because the potholes are filled with snow, you live in Pennsylvania It’s anarchy at the cafe!
  3. 3. Metaphor Language Problem in SLA, Learning and English Language Instruction <ul><li>No cultural reference or oral immersion </li></ul><ul><li>Often only concrete meaning is learned </li></ul><ul><li>Limited experience </li></ul>
  4. 4. Metaphor Language Acquisition <ul><li>Must involve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conventional (standard) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imaginative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May help bridge gap in cultural reference </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic opportunity to learn creative and critical reading and writing skills </li></ul>
  5. 5. Metaphor Language Development <ul><li>Children learn metaphors by immersion in early childhood </li></ul><ul><li>By teens, they are able to comprehend metaphors </li></ul>Language teachers should provide meaningful situations for metaphor acquisition and incorporate conventional and imaginative metaphors into second language and literacy skills
  6. 6. Metaphor Language Development Strategies <ul><li>Cross Cultural Comparisons of Metaphorical Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students compare own cultural metaphors with English ones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps acquire metaphor concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Etymological Study of Metaphorical Language </li></ul><ul><li>Students collect metaphors in class readings or activities and research meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Create posters or artistic works representing their meanings </li></ul>
  7. 7. Metaphor Language Development Strategies <ul><li>Theme-Based Metaphorical Language Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphors reflect on culture’s abstract ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Pick a theme and discuss all possible meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographic Study of Metaphorical Language </li></ul><ul><li>Students select area outside classroom (gym, library, store) and immerse themselves and collect metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>Shows meaning within a defined context, while engaging student interest </li></ul>
  8. 8. Metaphor Language Development Strategies <ul><li>Using Metaphor Language in Context </li></ul><ul><li>Students writing about life experiences using metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>Class Discussion of Metaphorical Language </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate and create thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Guided Metaphorical Language Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher creates metaphor comparison and students brainstorm associative characteristics of metaphor words </li></ul><ul><li>Helps thinking and developing language and literacy skills </li></ul>
  9. 9. Metaphor Language Development Strategies <ul><li>Using Metaphor Language in Context </li></ul><ul><li>Students writing about life experiences using metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>Class Discussion of Metaphorical Language </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate and create thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Guided Metaphorical Language Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher creates metaphor comparison and students brainstorm associative characteristics of metaphor words </li></ul><ul><li>Helps thinking and developing language and literacy skills </li></ul>
  10. 10. Discussion Questions <ul><li>At what stage of language learning would it be suitable to introduce the concepts of metaphors? Should one always include them in lessons or shy away from using metaphors altogether? </li></ul><ul><li>Since metaphors are so common and diverse, is it would it be more beneficial to the student to teach the individual culture associated with the metaphor or the metaphor meaning as a whole? </li></ul>

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