HomeWhat were Jim Crow Laws?LegislationViolenceThe Great MigrationJim Crow LawsMartin Luther King, Jr.
What Rights Are Worth Fighting For?
Fourteenth Amendment (1868)Designed to grant citizenship to individuals once enslavedSeparate Car Act(1890)Separate but equal train car accommodationsPlessy v. Ferguson (1896)Upheld prior segregation laws :Separate but equal
"The North symbolized to me all that I had notfelt or seen; it had no relation to what actuallyexisted. Yet by imagining a place whereeverything is possible, it kept hope alive insideof me." Richard Wright
Daily Life According toJim Crow Laws…
Miscegenation: Prohibited interracial marriages1901: The Alabama Constitution is amended to block the passageof any law authorizing or legalizing interracial marriage. Themeasure will remain unchanged until November 2000.1955:The Maryland legislature amends an anti-miscegenationstatute first passed in 1884. Under the new law, any whitewoman who births a child conceived with a black or mixed-raceman will be imprisoned for up to five years. The law will berenewed in 1957.
White’s Only: NoColoreds Allowed
A Black male could not shake hands with a White male Blacks and Whites were not supposed to eat together. Blacks were not allowed to show public affection toward one another in public, especially kissing, because it offended Whites. Whites did not use names of respect when referring to Blacks, for example, Mr., Mrs., Ms., Sir or Maam. If a Black person rode in a car with a White person, the Black person sat in the back seat or the back of a truck.
“There comes a time whenpeople get tired of beingtrampled over by the tiredfeet of oppression …” Martin Luther King, Jr