Resume Work Shop


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Tips on writing a functional and chronological resume, also what to put on your resume if you don’t have work experience.

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  • The employer uses the resume to screen candidates who do not clearly match their needs. The resume is not used to determine who to hire (that’s the interview). If the resume/application is incomplete, messy, or does not show the skills that they have requested the employer will most likely not even take the time to read it.Often candidates have little or no concern about the application because they do not understand its CRITICAL role in the hiring process. This is your chance to show an employer you have the qualifications they are looking for and more!
  • This format lists your education and experience in REVERSE chronological order - in other words you list the most recent dates and work experience first. This is also often the best way to start writing a resume from scratch because it is easy to do.Points in favor of using this resume format.*This type of resume is easy to read, it is also easy for employers to scan this type of resume outline to get a sense of your career history. *This is by far the most accepted format - estimates vary but best indications are that it is preferred by around 80-85% of surveyed corporate Human Resources professionals. *This format is also preferred (and often enforced) by most Internet job boards (it may be hard to enter online job application questionnaires non-chronologically). *This format is great if you have a steady employment history with no major gaps or changes of career direction. *It is great if you have good organization names as ex-employers. *It effectively highlights recent experience, so it is good if your best achievements have been recent. *Best for international job seeking as it is a universal format.Points against using this format.It may not be the best way of presenting a career history which is: *Messy *Inconsistent *Has gaps *Is very long *Not relevant (i.e. when you are looking for a career change)
  • Points in favor?Combines skills gained in a number of areas and groups them so they appear stronger.Includes:*Paid employment *Volunteer work *Student activities *Work experience *Classroom work *Project work *Social organization e.g. club or team activities*Great for when the required skills are something you have, but a traditional chronological resume doesn't highlight them sufficiently. *Good for a poor career history with good skills - as the history is minimized at the bottom of the resume. *Emphasizes what you have done and can do, rather than where or when you did it. *This format is good for starters with little or no career history such as recent graduates. *It is also good for people who have been out of the job market and are re-entering after a break. *It can be good for older workers who wish to de-emphasize the time span of their experience. *This is especially suited to applicants looking for a career change - change of field, sector or direction.Points against?*Unfortunately this format is not always well received by employers.*Many employers believe that this resume format/outline is designed to "hide something"! This is an important point, so you should be careful of using this format. *Many internet application systems ask for dated information, so it can be hard or impossible to make online applications in this format.
  • What is the combination format?A resume that begins with a functional summary of: *Your most relevant qualifications *Your key skills *Your key abilities *Your relevant experience*Then gives a chronological career history which is shorter than it would be in a chronological format resume, but which supports the summary. *This resume outline is a great compromise if you'd like to use a functional format, but are wary of employers disliking them. Points in favor?*This format, if done properly is well accepted by employers. *It is great for giving a chronological resume but highlighting your particular skills and experience etc for the position. *This format is also very useful where your relevant experience was gained some time ago and therefore needs highlighting. *This format can result in well-targeted resumes, as you can tailor the functional section to the employer's requirements shown in the job posting. *Great where your career history is not straightforward or has gaps. *Very good for justifying a career change. Points against?*Some employers still don't like it - they want to see what you did in each job in detail. If you are considering a career change this format is strongly recommended, it this case your resume may exceed the typical two pages... *It can be hard to input on some online applications.
  • *Resume objectives are most useful for new graduates, those who are changing careers, and/or those who have little or no work history.*When writing your objective, ensure that it is unique to your situation and the specific qualifications that you can bring to the position
  • *If the candidate is younger (under 18 and not attending college or the age 22 and has attended college) most employers will attribute a lack of experience to being too young or having been focused on education. For most employers, this is acceptable.*
  • Resume Work Shop

    1. 1. Resume Work Shop<br />Career Services<br />Ashley Love, Career Services Advisor<br />Phone: (209) 416-3737<br />E-Mail:<br />Office Hours<br />Monday/Wednesday 10am-7pm<br />Tuesday/Thursday 9am-6pm<br />Friday 8am-5pm<br />
    2. 2. For Employers <br />For Candidates<br /><ul><li>Screen Candidates who do not clearly meet their needs
    3. 3. Skills, Experience, Education, etc.
    4. 4. Market to the employer
    5. 5. Selling Points
    6. 6. Transferrable Skills
    7. 7. Restore confidence needed to approach employers
    8. 8. Presentation
    9. 9. Follow the instructions given!</li></ul>What is the Purpose of a Resume/Application?<br />
    10. 10. 3 resume types or formats<br /><ul><li>Chronological Format
    11. 11. Functional Format (sometimes referred to as creative or skills format)
    12. 12. Combined Format</li></li></ul><li>Chronological Format<br /><ul><li>Lists your education and experience in REVERSE chronological order
    13. 13. Easy to read & easy for employers to scan to get a sense of your career history
    14. 14. 80-85% of surveyed corporate Human Resources professionals prefer this format
    15. 15. Easiest way to start from scratch
    16. 16. Universal format</li></li></ul><li>Functional Format<br /><ul><li>Sometimes referred to as creative or skills format
    17. 17. Outlines your skills and experience without putting them in a sequential date order
    18. 18. Your career history can be reduced to a list of dates and company names and job titles towards the end of the resume - or no detail can be given at all
    19. 19. Especially suited to applicants looking for a career change - change of field, sector or direction
    20. 20. Groups your skills and experience by types or functions; combines skills gained in a number of areas and groups them so they appear stronger.
    21. 21. Includes:
    22. 22. Paid employment
    23. 23. Volunteer work
    24. 24. Student activities
    25. 25. Work experience
    26. 26. Classroom work
    27. 27. Project work
    28. 28. Social organization e.g. club or team activities</li></li></ul><li>Combined Format<br /><ul><li>Resume that begins with a functional summary of:
    29. 29. Your most relevant qualifications
    30. 30. Your key skills
    31. 31. Your key abilities
    32. 32. Your relevant experience
    33. 33. Your Education
    34. 34. Great for giving a chronological resume but highlighting your particular skills , experience, etc for the position
    35. 35. An excellent compromise if you'd like to use a functional format, but are wary of employers disliking them
    36. 36. Great where your career history is not straightforward or has gaps</li></li></ul><li>Also Known As<br />Purpose<br /><ul><li>Employment Objective
    37. 37. Career Objective
    38. 38. Position Desired
    39. 39. Professional Goal
    40. 40. Professional Objective
    41. 41. To identify what you position you are applying for, with what company, and what you can do for them or what you can bring to their company</li></ul>What is an Objective?<br />
    42. 42. Also Known As<br />The Difference<br /><ul><li>Summary of Skills
    43. 43. Highlights of Qualifications
    44. 44. Special Skills
    45. 45. Clinical or Dental Assisting Skills
    46. 46. Business Skills
    47. 47. Software Skills
    48. 48. Hardware Skills
    49. 49. Administrative Skills
    50. 50. Computer Skills
    51. 51. Accounting Skills
    52. 52. Special Skills and Abilities
    53. 53. Qualifications
    54. 54. Strengths
    55. 55. A majority of your skills will be technical skills, things that you have learned and can prove
    56. 56. Your qualifications are things that would qualify you for a position and others could attest to</li></ul>Skills & Qualifications<br />
    57. 57. Examples<br />Skills & Qualifications cont’<br />
    58. 58. Also Known As<br />Must<br /><ul><li>Employment
    59. 59. Work Experience
    60. 60. Prior Work Experience
    61. 61. Summary of Experience
    62. 62. Employment Highlights
    63. 63. Present Position
    64. 64. Previous Positions
    65. 65. Qualified By
    66. 66. Office Experience
    67. 67. Technical Experience
    68. 68. Rule of Thumb: list at least 5 years back of experience on your resume if you have it.
    69. 69. Chronological Resume:
    70. 70. Summarize or list job responsibilities and accomplishments for each company listed
    71. 71. Always list:
    72. 72. Company Name
    73. 73. Your Title with the company
    74. 74. Year and month you began working there
    75. 75. Year and month you stopped working there</li></ul>Employment<br />
    76. 76. No Work Experience? No Problem.<br /><ul><li>If you have don’t have any Work Experience it’s in your best interest to use the Functional Resume
    77. 77. You can use to create a skills resume and highlight your qualified selling points in the same way you would paid work experience
    78. 78. In place of experience you can fill your resume with:
    79. 79. Volunteer Activities
    80. 80. Community Service
    81. 81. Mentor programs
    82. 82. Clubs & Leadership
    83. 83. Employers tend to be more lenient on work experience requirements because a candidates’ skills can be measures by testing</li></li></ul><li>Examples<br />Employment – cont’<br />
    84. 84. Also Known As<br />DO’s & DO NOT’S<br /><ul><li>Educational Background
    85. 85. Educational Highlights
    86. 86. Additional Training
    87. 87. Education/Certificates
    88. 88. DO
    89. 89. Put that you went a Junior College – Even if you didn’t complete a program
    90. 90. List School you are attending
    91. 91. Add classes you have completed successfully
    92. 92. Add Awards /Accomplishments /Clubs that you participated in
    93. 93. DO NOT
    94. 94. Abbreviate you Major (Ex: AAS = Associates in Applied Science)
    95. 95. Highlight your low G.P.A
    96. 96. List your High School if you have College courses completed
    97. 97. If you choose to put your high school DO NOT put your graduation date</li></ul>Education<br />
    98. 98. Examples<br />Education - cont’<br />
    99. 99. General Guidelines<br /><ul><li>No wizards or templates; the employer assumes you do not know Word very well.
    100. 100. Templates are not accepted by Career Services. 
    101. 101. You may use any font/any size as long as it’s readable and professional
    102. 102. Header: include your name, address, home or cell number, e-mail
    103. 103. Sample Headers
    104. 104. Your objective needs to be specific</li></li></ul><li>General Guidelines<br /><ul><li>Unless you are applying for a Director or Corporate position your resume should be 1 page
    105. 105. Do not add a hyper-link to your E-mail address
    106. 106. Be creative: Add a page border or Under line section headers
    107. 107. Do not use periods at the end of phrases
    108. 108. Avoid using tables
    109. 109. No abbreviations except for your state; CA for California is acceptable
    110. 110. Be accurate, truthful, and positive. Never lie!</li></li></ul><li>A winning résumé grabs your reader’s interest<br />You want your resume to <br />STAND OUT NOT<br />STICK OUT<br /><ul><li>Focus on your accomplishments and skills
    111. 111. Pay close attention to details:
    112. 112. Spacing
    113. 113. Spelling
    114. 114. Alignment, etc.
    115. 115. A good résumé takes considerable time and effort
    116. 116. Numerous revisions may need to be done until it’s perfect</li>