What is Malaria?• Malaria, a mosquito-borne disease of humans or animals caused by Plasmodium Falciparum.• Plasmodium Falciparum is a protozoan (unicellular eukaryotic organisms) parasite that slowly destroy red blood cells. Malaria Microbe
• Plasmodium Falciparum• Plasmodium Falciparum are very dangerous!• They digest red blood cells and change the adhesive properties of the cell inhabitants.• This causes cells to stick to blood vessels and can be extremely dangerous especially when blood flow to the brain is blocked, this is called cerebral malaria.
Transmission• Malaria is transmitted to humans from a bite from an infected female Anophles mosquito (no other type of mosquito is know to transmit the disease)• Less commonly, it may occur through contact with infected blood.• Malaria is not transmitted from person to person like the common cold or flu.
Symptoms• People with malaria usually see symptons 10- 30 days after infecton.• Early/uncomplicated symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, nausea, diarrhea, and fatigue• If left untreated symptoms may become severe, such as kidney failure, seizures, coma, and fluid in the lungs.
Treatment and Cures• Treatment for malaria depends on the severity of the disease.• Uncomplicated malaria can be treated with simple oral medication.• Severe malaria is treated with an introduction of nutrition and medication into the body via infusion, injection or implantation (a route other than the gastro-intestinal tract) of antimalarial drugs.
Prevension• There are few things you can do to prevent malaria• The best way to prevent this disease is by taking drugs that are used to treat the disease before, during, and after your trip.• Reducing mosquito exposure, treating your home with insecticide, and using sprays that include permethrin or DEET can also prevent malaria.
The Bacteria Cycle An uninfected Bites an infected mosquito person The now infected mosquito bites The person becomes infected an uninfected and parasites travel to the liver personParasites lie dormant for up to a year then they leave the liver and infect the red blood cells
Future Applications of Treatment • Malaria is a disease that cannot be cured with just medication. Other steps need to be taken! • Providing nets to families that need them • Making sure drinking water is clean • Allowing people to use bug spray when needed • There are many more steps people can take to help this malaria epidemic
Work Citations• http://www.cdc.gov/MALARIA/• http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/malaria/• http://www.malarianomore.org/• http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus /malaria.html