Pedestrian safety, India

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How safe Pedestrians are...

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Pedestrian safety, India

  1. 1. PEDESTRIAN SAFETY Ashish Samdariya AchuthVasudevan 1
  2. 2. FOCUS ON. • Problem & Impact • Mitigation 2
  3. 3. WHY PEDESTRIAN SAFETY? Urban sprawl has often left pedestrians stranded.Wide roads have been built without sidewalks or frequent crosswalks, and high-speed traffic makes these roadways particularly deadly. In many areas, intersections with crosswalks may be as much as a kilometer apart, leaving pedestrians with no safe way to cross the street. 2012 data on global safety of pedestrians 3
  4. 4. DEATHS PER BILLION KILOMETERS 0 38 75 113 150 Air Bus Rail Car Bicycle Motor-bike Walk 54.2 108.9 44.6 3.10.60.40.1 4
  5. 5. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Driver Cyclist Pedestrian MotorCycle Road Condition Weather Others 14% 1%1%2%3%1% 78% Who’s Failure lead to an Accident %age 0 20 40 60 80 Truck Bus Car Taxi Motorcycle Bicycle Pedestrian Traffic Fatalities by Road User Mumbai Delhi 5
  6. 6. 5000 pedestrians are killed 84000 pedestrians are injured Every Year Pedestrian accidents make up 11% Of all motor vehicle accidents 180000 Pedestrians were killed in motor vehicle accidents Between 1975 and 2005 60% Of accidents occurred in Place where no crosswalks 88% of accidents occurred in normal weather condition 64% of accidents occurred at night 6
  7. 7. Pedestrian crashes typically occur during the late afternoon and early evening hours presumably because of the reduced levels of visibility at a time when many people are on the road. 7
  8. 8. Inefficient Driver DefectiveVehicle Bad Environment Poor Operating Policies Lack of Education Inadequate Enforcement Physical Roadway Good engineering can reduce the effects of ... Crash: Causes & PreventionPrevention 8
  9. 9. CURRENT CONDITION ON ROAD PARKING 30-40% of city roads are occupied with parking at any point of time 9
  10. 10. CURRENT CONDITION road width Walkway width Road width = ?? street lighting, trees etc. are missing 10
  11. 11. CURRENT CONDITION In-appropriate design of road cross sections- designed for nobody 11
  12. 12. CURRENT CONDITION No designs at junctions- resulting in traffic bottlenecks and safety compromises 12
  13. 13. “equitable space allocation for all road users with a focus on people rather than vehicles.” The National UrbanTransport Policy, India Photographs are fromTier-1/II cities in India, taken during 2009-2013 13
  14. 14. BANGALORE • Rush Hour (on a10m wide road) • Bike (1 PAX) • Car (1 PAX) • Bus (70 PAX) • 1 KM of this road (No Buses) • Approx. 300 cars & Bikes • This reduces to only few buses if public transit to be used • But public transit itself is in poor condition Congestion?? 14
  15. 15. 0 3750 7500 11250 15000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (mid) 3052 4767 5297 5667 6138 6908 7469 66816782 8226 9662 487735727816737864957880796875843 Fatal Non-Fatal ACCIDENTS (BANGALORE) 15
  16. 16. MITIGATION If we can develop and design streets so that they are wonderful, fulfilling places to be – community-building places, attractive for all people Then we will have successfully designed about one-third of the city directly and will have had an immense impact on the rest 16
  17. 17. MITIGATION PLAN • Bicycles lanes, Pedestrian walkways & PublicTransit can: • Reduce the amount traffic and congestion on the road • Reduce the amount of air pollution 17
  18. 18. MITIGATION PLAN • Safe infrastructure (walkways, over/under-pass etc) • Behavioral Issues (Traffic signs, Fines, Education, Culture) • Safety engineering (Optimum speed, designs etc.) PEDESTRIAN SAFETY 18
  19. 19. MITIGATION RESULTS 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. • Pollen, dirt and debris can increase glare and reduce visibility • Keeping windshield clean, so that pedestrians are more visible • Defensive driving "scan and search" to include pedestrians along the road and on the sidewalks • Older pedestrians walk slower, which makes them more difficult for the eye to pick up. They also need more time to cross the street. MITIGATION PLAN SAFE DRIVING 21
  22. 22. For bike and pedestrian accident prevention, Give the road your full attention. 22
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