Pedestrian safety, India
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Pedestrian safety, India

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How safe Pedestrians are...

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Pedestrian safety, India Pedestrian safety, India Presentation Transcript

  • PEDESTRIAN SAFETY Ashish Samdariya AchuthVasudevan 1
  • FOCUS ON. • Problem & Impact • Mitigation 2
  • WHY PEDESTRIAN SAFETY? Urban sprawl has often left pedestrians stranded.Wide roads have been built without sidewalks or frequent crosswalks, and high-speed traffic makes these roadways particularly deadly. In many areas, intersections with crosswalks may be as much as a kilometer apart, leaving pedestrians with no safe way to cross the street. 2012 data on global safety of pedestrians 3
  • DEATHS PER BILLION KILOMETERS 0 38 75 113 150 Air Bus Rail Car Bicycle Motor-bike Walk 54.2 108.9 44.6 3.10.60.40.1 4
  • 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Driver Cyclist Pedestrian MotorCycle Road Condition Weather Others 14% 1%1%2%3%1% 78% Who’s Failure lead to an Accident %age 0 20 40 60 80 Truck Bus Car Taxi Motorcycle Bicycle Pedestrian Traffic Fatalities by Road User Mumbai Delhi 5
  • 5000 pedestrians are killed 84000 pedestrians are injured Every Year Pedestrian accidents make up 11% Of all motor vehicle accidents 180000 Pedestrians were killed in motor vehicle accidents Between 1975 and 2005 60% Of accidents occurred in Place where no crosswalks 88% of accidents occurred in normal weather condition 64% of accidents occurred at night 6
  • Pedestrian crashes typically occur during the late afternoon and early evening hours presumably because of the reduced levels of visibility at a time when many people are on the road. 7
  • Inefficient Driver DefectiveVehicle Bad Environment Poor Operating Policies Lack of Education Inadequate Enforcement Physical Roadway Good engineering can reduce the effects of ... Crash: Causes & PreventionPrevention 8
  • CURRENT CONDITION ON ROAD PARKING 30-40% of city roads are occupied with parking at any point of time 9
  • CURRENT CONDITION road width Walkway width Road width = ?? street lighting, trees etc. are missing 10
  • CURRENT CONDITION In-appropriate design of road cross sections- designed for nobody 11
  • CURRENT CONDITION No designs at junctions- resulting in traffic bottlenecks and safety compromises 12
  • “equitable space allocation for all road users with a focus on people rather than vehicles.” The National UrbanTransport Policy, India Photographs are fromTier-1/II cities in India, taken during 2009-2013 13
  • BANGALORE • Rush Hour (on a10m wide road) • Bike (1 PAX) • Car (1 PAX) • Bus (70 PAX) • 1 KM of this road (No Buses) • Approx. 300 cars & Bikes • This reduces to only few buses if public transit to be used • But public transit itself is in poor condition Congestion?? 14
  • 0 3750 7500 11250 15000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (mid) 3052 4767 5297 5667 6138 6908 7469 66816782 8226 9662 487735727816737864957880796875843 Fatal Non-Fatal ACCIDENTS (BANGALORE) 15
  • MITIGATION If we can develop and design streets so that they are wonderful, fulfilling places to be – community-building places, attractive for all people Then we will have successfully designed about one-third of the city directly and will have had an immense impact on the rest 16
  • MITIGATION PLAN • Bicycles lanes, Pedestrian walkways & PublicTransit can: • Reduce the amount traffic and congestion on the road • Reduce the amount of air pollution 17
  • MITIGATION PLAN • Safe infrastructure (walkways, over/under-pass etc) • Behavioral Issues (Traffic signs, Fines, Education, Culture) • Safety engineering (Optimum speed, designs etc.) PEDESTRIAN SAFETY 18
  • MITIGATION RESULTS 19
  • 20
  • • Pollen, dirt and debris can increase glare and reduce visibility • Keeping windshield clean, so that pedestrians are more visible • Defensive driving "scan and search" to include pedestrians along the road and on the sidewalks • Older pedestrians walk slower, which makes them more difficult for the eye to pick up. They also need more time to cross the street. MITIGATION PLAN SAFE DRIVING 21
  • For bike and pedestrian accident prevention, Give the road your full attention. 22