CONCEPT OF POWERPower - the ability to influence another person.Influence - the process of affecting the thoughts, behavior, & feelings of another person.Authority - the right to influence another person.
TWO FACES OF POWER Personal Power used for personal gain Social Power(FORMAL ) used to create motivation used to accomplish group goals
SOURCES OF POWER 1 EXPERT POWER 2 CHARISMATIC POWER (REFRENT POWER) 3 REWARD POWER 4 INFORMATION POWER 5 LEGITIMATE POWER 6 COERCIVE POWER
INTRODUCTIONAs per the Transparency International(TI):corruption is defined as- “The misuse of entrusted power for privategain”
It is not easy to define corruption. Butin a narrow sense, corruption is mostlyconcerned with bribery and it takesseveral forms. Corruption is a globalphenomenon and it is omnipresent.Corruption has progressively increasedand is now rampant in our society.
Corruption is caused as well as increased because ofthe change in the value system and ethical qualities ofmen who administer. The old ideals of morality, serviceand honesty are regarded as an achromatic. In a highly inflationary economy, low salaries ofgovernment officials compel them to resort to the roadof corruption. Graduates from IIMs with no experiencedraw a far handsome salary than what governmentsecretaries draw.Election time is a time when corruption is at its peaklevel. Big industrialist fund politicians to meet high costof election and ultimately to seek personal favor.Bribery to politicians buys influence, and bribery bypoliticians buys votes. In order to getelected, politicians bribe poor illiterate people, who areslogging for two times meal.
Perception of most corrupt industries
CORRUPTION•As with many developing nations, corruption iswidespread in India.•India is ranked 72 out of a 179 countries inTransparency Internationals Corruption PerceptionsIndex, although its score has improved consistentlyfrom 2.7 in 2002 to 3.5 in 2008.•Corruption has taken the role of a persistent aspect ofIndian politics and administration.
Corruption In administration A 2009 survey of the leading economies of Asia, revealed Indian administration to be not just least efficient out of Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, China, Philippines and Indonesia.. further it was also found that working with the Indias civil servants was a "slow and painful" process. Cont
Corruption In administration Officials often steal state property. In Bihar, more than 80% of the subsidized food aid to poor is stolen. In Government Hospitals, corruption is associated with non availability of medicines (or duplicate medicines), getting admission and consultations with doctors.
Index of Corruption by Indian states
YEAR RANK RATING2001 2.7 OUT OF 71 91 COUNTRIES2003 2.7 OUT OF 71 102 COUNTRIES2004 2.8 OUT OF 83 133 COUNTRIES2005 2.8 OUT OF 90 145 COUNTRIES2006 2.9 OUT OF 88 158 COUNTRIES2007 3.3 OUT OF 70 163 COUNTRIES2008 3.5 OUT OF 72 179 COUNTRIES
FEW RECENT EXAMPLES OF CORRUPTIONCASES IN INDIACorruption in commonwealth games-2010.MCI boss Ketan desaiarrested on corruptioncharges.CBI finds IIT<NIT profs inAICTE scam.Air India’s officer wasarrested on corruptioncharges.
List of scandals : 2011 Hasan Ali Khan scandal Indian Black Money in Swiss Banks ISRO Spectrum Allocation Scam 2010 2G spectrum scam and Radia Tapes Controversy Adarsh Housing Society scam Commonwealth Games Scam 2009 Madhu Koda mining scam Satyam scandal
2008 Cash For Votes Scandal Pune billionaire Hasan Ali Khan tax default The Satyam scam 2006 Stamp Paper Scam 2005 Oil-for-food programme scam (Natwar Singh)
EFFECTS OF CORRUPTIONoCorruption makes the whole systemhandicap.oCorruption in India has wings notwheels.oIn the private sector , it increases thecost of business.oCreates unhealthy climate forinvestment.oIts effects on development aredisastrous.oIt makes the condition of poorpeople, poorer.oUndermines economic development of
TREATMENT OF CORRUPTIONAnti-corruption efforts-Right to information act.Computerization.Jaago Re returns with a focus on corruption incollege admission.Aaj se khilana bandh, pilana shuru.Chai piyo, padhai karao.Shame the corrupt with ₨0.Strengthening the governing body.Strict punishment.Lokpal bill.