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Reinforcement in classroom
 

Reinforcement in classroom

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    Reinforcement in classroom Reinforcement in classroom Presentation Transcript

    • Submitted To- Submitted By- DR. Namrata sandhu Arnav kharhyal Arvind Arora Kritika Bhardwaj Ashima Garg
      • Reinforcement is a term in operant conditioning and Behavior analysis for process of increasing the rate or probability of a behavior in the form of response by delivery either immediately or shortly after performing the behavior.
      • Reinforcement theory is based on behaviorlistic approach which says behavior is a function of its consequences.
      • POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT
      • NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT
      • Positive Reinforcement-which means to adding of appetitive stimulus to increase a certain behavior or response .
      • example-A Teacher gave a reward to student for better performing of task ,if the frequency of better performing of task increase ,than the reward is a positive reinforcer.
      • Negative Reinforcement-It means to taking away of an appetitive stimulus to decrease a certain behavior or response .
      • example-if a student came late in class and teacher does not allow him/her in class ,than it is negative reinforcement for student.
      • These two concept are often confused ,however they differ from each other in two important ways.
      • FIRST DIFFERENCE-
      • Punishment reduces the probability of an undesired behavior .
      • Negative reinforcement increase the probability of a desired behavior.
      • Second difference-
      • Punishment involve administering a negative consequences when an undesired behavior occurs.
      • Negative reinforcement entails removing a negative consequence when a desired behavior occurs.
      • The proper application of reinforcement in the class is done by providing safe ,orderly environment to students that are conducive to learning.
      • Classroom rules and procedure should be appropriate so that it meets expectation of student and teacher behavior in the classroom.
      • Establish rules early ,at the beginning of the session of class.
      • Institution is Required to involve students in establishing rules.
      • Teacher is to become facilitator rather than leader of group.
      • Positive Reinforcement-
      • positive reinforcement is practice aim at increasing the likelihood that a behavior will reoccur.
      • ATTENTION-like smile ,pat on back standing or sitting near the individual.
      • Tangible-positive checks ,points etc.
      • Activities-spending time with students .
      • positive
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      • The application of negative reinforcement is done with a view to improve the behavior .
      • Example-turning off distracting music when trying to work. If the work increase when the music is turned off ,turning off the music is a negative reinforcer.
      • Such as student may become aggressive in response to it or sometimes it give the effects of punishment .
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      • PRIMARY REINFORCERS –They are unconditional reinforcer which are related to basic necessities .
      • Example : water,air,good environment and sitting arrangements.
      • SECONDARY REINFORCERS-These are conditional reinforcer which function as a reinforcer after pairing with the function which first act as a reinforcer.
      • EXAMPLE-
      • interactive learning
      • Give targets to explore their potential
      • Recognizing the work
      • Punch cards
      • Coupon
      • Natural and artificial reinforcer
      • Responsible behavior
      • Like
      • Give student choices, usually two .
      • Make sure all the choices you offer the student are ones you can live with.
      • Do not Load students with too many commands.
      • Focus on their good behavior and positive attributes rather than negative behavior and attributes.
      • DO’S
      • No student is penalized for the behavior of any one else.
      • Each student has access to rewards under exactly the same terms.
      • Appropriate peer pressure which occurs naturally in the classroom is used to encourage positive behavioral choices.
      • Dont’s
      • Peer pressure is unlikely to be harnessed.
      • The target may get negative attention
      • if they fails to earn the reward.
      • THANK YOU