CHAPTER 2
Methodology
MEANING OF RESEARCH
Research is an academic activity and as such the term should be used in a technical sense.
According t...
PURPOSE OF RESEARCH
The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of
scientific proc...
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
RESEARCH DESIGN:
Research Design refers to "framework or plan for a study that guides the collection ...
DATA COLLECTION
Information can be collected through following sources
Primary Data: In some cases the researchers may rea...
• Newspapers – articles provided information regarding banking industry,
banks and their schemes and also advertisement pr...
CHAPTER 3
DLF Projects
22
A Peep into the operational strategy: Project Execution
Methodology
They have established a systematic process for land id...
Segmental snapshot
Residential business
• Aggressive launch of mid income housing projects in second half of Q3FY08
with p...
• 4,000 hotel rooms expected to be operational by FY10 end with a long term target
of 25,000 hotel rooms in the next six-s...
Acquisitions (Joint Ventures & Partnership) In November 2006, DLF has entered
into a joint venture with the UK-based desig...
the land is only 40% of the $10 billion investment. Approximately 70% of the
land has
been acquired by DLF. In November 20...
products, including domestic and international mutual funds to Indian retail and
institutional clients
.
Competition Even ...
Challenges for HR:
Lack of quality talent:
• There is a gap between the requirements and the availability of quality
manpo...
By MNCs entering the realty markets take away the cream of talent at the first
level. Other players thus look for candidat...
31
DLF Luxury Homes :-
• DLF Commander's Court Chennai
• SamaTara Shimla
• The Aralias Gurgaon
• The Magnolias Gurgaon
New Pr...
As part of DLF’s infrastructure development initiatives, DLF is developing two
Automated Multi Level Car Parking facilitie...
34
Offices:-
• DLF Building 7B
• Gurgaon
• Nestle House
• Gurgaon
• DLF Atria
• Gurgaon
35
Offices:-
• DLF Building 7B
• Gurgaon
• Nestle House
• Gurgaon
• DLF Atria
• Gurgaon
36
• Ericcson Forum
DLF IT SEZs :-
• DLF Cyber SEZ Building 14, Gurgaon
• DLF Cyber SEZ Building 6, Gurgaon
• DLF IT SEZ Silo...
Hotels
DLF Hotels: Hospitality Re-Defined!
DLF Hotels is a premium hotel and resort development company focused on develop...
be with the finest and comprehensive global operators to suit "individual property" theme
with some of the leading brand's...
LEISURE
The City Club
DLF CITY PHASE I, II, III, IV and V, GURGAON
When the Service is extraordinary, the experience can o...
The Club House, designed in true colonial style, offers a lounge and locker rooms; a
well-stocked pro shop; a bar and rest...
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Methodology

  1. 1. CHAPTER 2 Methodology
  2. 2. MEANING OF RESEARCH Research is an academic activity and as such the term should be used in a technical sense. According to Clifford Woody, research comprises defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions; collecting, organizing and evaluating data; making deductions and reaching conclusions; and at last carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis. SIGNIFICANCE OF RESEARCH “All process is born of inquiry. Doubt is often better than overconfidence, for it leads to inquiry and inquiry leads to invention.” Is a famous Hudson Maxim in context of which the significance of research can well be understood. Increased amounts of research make progress possible. Research inculcates scientific and inductive thinking and it promotes the development of logical habits of thinking and organization. The role of research in several fields of applied economics, whether related to business or to the economy as a whole, has greatly increased in modern times. The increasing complex nature of business and government has focused attention on the use of research in solving operational problems. Research, as an aid to economic policy, has gained added importance, both for government and business. 17
  3. 3. PURPOSE OF RESEARCH The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific procedures. The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is hidden and which has not been discovered as yet . PURPOSES OF THIS RESEARCH ARE AS FOLLOW • To create a proper awareness about DLF projects. • To get brief information about projects of DLF. • To study detailed information of various projects regarding their rate,margin and profit. • To compare various projects and find optimum scheme for different segment of customers. OBJECTIVE OF STUDY To carry out the study of DLF PROJECTS, we framed the following objectives • To Study housing, retailing and office offered by DLf in detail. • To analyse and evaluate different DLF projects running and completed. • To find involvement of DLF in other businesses . • Find the performance of DLF in current year. 18
  4. 4. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY RESEARCH DESIGN: Research Design refers to "framework or plan for a study that guides the collection and analysis of data". A typical research design of a company basically tries to resolve the following issues: a) Determining Data Collection Design b) Determining Data Methods c) Determining Data Sources d) Determining Primary Data Collection Methods e) Developing Questionnaires f) Determining Sampling Plan Research Designs used in the project Quantitative Research Design: Quantitative research refers to the systematic empirical investigation of quantitative properties and phenomena and their relationships. The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories and/or hypotheses pertaining to phenomena. The process of measurement is central to quantitative research because it provides the fundamental connection between empirical observation and mathematical expression of quantitative relationships. In this project, empirical data regarding fixed deposit schemes will be collected and evaluated using statistic and mathematical tools. Different variables ware mathematically compared and optimum levels were computed. 19
  5. 5. DATA COLLECTION Information can be collected through following sources Primary Data: In some cases the researchers may realize the need for collecting the first hand information. As in the case of everyday life, if we want to have first hand information or any happening or event, we either ask someone who knows about it or we observe it ourselves, we do the both. Thus, the two methods by which primary data can be collected is observation and questionnaire. Secondary Data: Any data, which have been gathered earlier for some other purpose, are secondary data in the hands of researcher. Those data collected first hand, either by the researcher or by someone else, especially for the purpose of the study is known as primary data. The data collected for this project has been taken from the secondary source. Sources of secondary data which were used are:- • Internet – Bank websites and many survey websites were visited to get data regarding banks and their schemes. • Magazines – survey and articles were studied to attain information regarding bank and Indian banking industry. 20
  6. 6. • Newspapers – articles provided information regarding banking industry, banks and their schemes and also advertisement provided information about various fixed deposits of banks. • Broachers and pamphlets - they were studied to get detailed information regarding bank schemes. 21
  7. 7. CHAPTER 3 DLF Projects 22
  8. 8. A Peep into the operational strategy: Project Execution Methodology They have established a systematic process for land identification and acquisition, project execution and the sales and marketing of their completed developments. Land identification and acquisition Their land acquisition team monitors real estate markets and emerging trends. The team assesses selected markets to identify cities and localities with development potential. The initial assessment and selection of the land involves a detailed assessment of the plot with a focus on the land’s development potential and location. After they conduct a preliminary land title evaluation and the land title is reviewed by local lawyers, a preliminary agreement is entered into with the landowners for the purchase of the land. Following title clearance, they either acquire the land or enter into a joint development agreement with the owners. Execution The project execution process commences with the obtaining of requisite regulatory approvals, including environmental approvals, and the development of a project concept based on the area’s marketability, target customers and potential return. After a detailed review of the site parameters, they formalise an architectural brief based of the project concept which is subsequently finalised with selected architects and other external consultants. They closely monitor the development process, construction quality, actual and estimated project costs and construction schedules. Sales and marketing They operate three separate sales and marketing departments, one for each of their residential, commercial and retail business lines. Their sales and marketing function is illustrated in the chart (source: DLF IPO Red Herring prospectus) 23
  9. 9. Segmental snapshot Residential business • Aggressive launch of mid income housing projects in second half of Q3FY08 with primary focus on Chennai, Indore, and Kolkata. • The New Town Heights in Rajarhat witnessed aggressive absorption; it was sold out with in four days of its launch. • Selling prices of the luxury housing category increased. • New tools like one house per family and one year lock in period were used to cut down speculative demand. Commercial segment • Aggressive growth in area under construction; it increased by 16% and 35% over Q2FY08 and Q1FY08, respectively. • On track to achieve lease volume target of 12 mn sq ft per annum. • Average lease rates have dropped over the past quarter by more than 30%, primarily due to change in location. Hotel segment • Management has identified 51 hotel sites compared to 39 in the previous quarter. • The first Hilton Garden Inn is set to open in Saket (New Delhi) by end 2008. 24
  10. 10. • 4,000 hotel rooms expected to be operational by FY10 end with a long term target of 25,000 hotel rooms in the next six-seven years. • International Convention Centre at Dwarka, New Delhi, is in advanced stage of design and development. • Acquisition of “Aman” gives a significant thrust to the hotels business unit, with strong international footprint. SEZ business • Five SEZs got notified, aggregating to 27 mn sq ft. • Six SEZs have been sent for final approval. • Land acquisition for both Manesar and Ambala SEZs is in progress. • For Goa, land acquisition process has just begun. New land acquisition • DLF added 26 mn sq ft during the quarter, adding 748 mn sq ft compared to 738 mn sq ft in the previous quarter. The new acquisitions were as follows: • Hyderabad Raidurg: Acquired two parcels of 26 and 30 acres of land. • Adjoining site of Chennai IT Park: Acquired 1.73 acres site adjoining Chennai IT Park. • 32 milestone: Executed collaboration agreement for 10.45 acres for new site at Village Silokhera Gurgaon They have a loyal customer base and encourage the participation of former buyers or tenants in their new product launches. They employ various marketing approaches depending on whether the project is residential, commercial or retail. These include launch events, corporate presentations, web marketing, direct and indirect marketing, as well as newspaper and outdoor advertising. Their marketing team sells both directly to customers and through brokers. In their commercial and retail business lines, they market space primarily through property consultants and by using their relationships with existing tenants. Different marketing approaches are used to target anchor commercial and retail tenants. They use approximately 120 brokerage firms to market their properties Mergers & 25
  11. 11. Acquisitions (Joint Ventures & Partnership) In November 2006, DLF has entered into a joint venture with the UK-based design and engineering consultancy firm WSP to ensure quality work in India. The joint venture provided the design, engineering and project management services along with infrastructure and environmental facilities. Mr. Rajiv Singh, Vice-Chairman, DLF Ltd, said, "We are sure that while WSP will bring in its own strengths, we at DLF will set new benchmarks in the design and construction industry." In February 2006, DLF has entered into a joint venture with UK's leading construction company, Laing O'Rourke Plc to form DLF Laing O’Rourke with an initial investment of about Rs 500 crore. Both partners had contributed Rs. 250 crore each to the initial corpus of the joint venture and it had also floated a dedicated fund with a corpus of $1.5 billion for infrastructure projects. The joint venture company completed the most prestigious projects of DLF like- IT Parks, The Mall of India, The Magnolias and many of DLF's retail destinations. The joint venture company will help DLF group in executing its infrastructure projects like harbors, tunnels, power plants, pipelines, bridges and roads, "The joint venture will help DLF become a major player in the country's construction and infrastructure development programmes. It will tap potential across infrastructure sector covering express highways, airports and hi-tech construction involving power plants and mega projects," the DLF Universal Vice- Chairman, Mr. Rajiv Singh, said at a conference” DLF signed a memorandum of cooperation with Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide in April 2007 to explore airport projects and modernization. It launched a special purpose vehicle, DLF Fraport SPV, specializing in development and management of airports in India. On March 2007, DLF2 signed a 50:50 joint venture with Nakheel, a large property developer from the UAE for two integrated townships in India with an initial investment of $10 billion..The joint venture company will develop 40,000 acres at Gurgaon and between Mumbai and Pune in Maharashtra. Construction of these two projects is expected to start the same year only and the first phase of the construction/development is targeted to complete in next three years. The cost of 26
  12. 12. the land is only 40% of the $10 billion investment. Approximately 70% of the land has been acquired by DLF. In November 2006, DLF signed a joint venture with Hilton Hotels Corporation. The plan of the joint venture company is to develop and own 75 hotels and service apartments throughout India over the next seven years and Hilton will invest up to $143 million in the joint venture. 74% stake was held by DLF in the joint venture and the rest will be held by the Hilton Hotel Corporation as a symbol of its commitment to the joint venture. The first stage of the joint venture was to involve 20 hotels in key locations like Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bhubaneswar, Kochi, Delhi and Chandigarh . DLF made a partnership with IBM for a 10 year contract to transform and manage DLF's IT Infrastructure. DLF tried to leverage IBM's Information Technology infrastructure management solution to get high quality information that will be efficiently managed in a cost-effective manner. Rajeev Singh, Vice Chairman DLF thinks “As part of the partnership IBM and DLF will also set up a Technology Innovation Council (TIC) with joint participation. The TIC will focus on identifying and deploying new solutions for DLF and Indian Real estate industry. Some of the solutions under consideration are advanced security management solutions like Digital Video Surveillance, utilizing technology for land acquisition process and other management systems. Some of the other focus areas would include IT solutions for building management and intelligent buildings.” DLF signed a joint venture with U.S. based Prudential Financial Inc. This agreement allowed Prudential Financial Inc to expand its international investments business and make a relevant mark of its official entry into the Indian mutual fund market. Under the terms of the joint venture, DLF will own the 39 percent and Prudential Financial Inc. will hold the majority stake in the joint venture with 61 percent interest. The asset management joint venture is based in Mumbai and provides a wide range of mutual fund and investment related 27
  13. 13. products, including domestic and international mutual funds to Indian retail and institutional clients . Competition Even though many players are present in the real estate space in India, the top 5 of them are as under: • DLF Ltd. • HDIL • Sobha Developers Ltd. • Omaxe Ltd. • Parsavnath Developers HR Strategy of DLF The housing sector alone is likely to generate 40 lakh new jobs within ten years. The prime reason for such a huge demand of personnel has been due to great demands for residential and commercial real estate projects. Moreover, the sector offers attractive opportunities to people with roles such as developers, architects, strategy and urban planners, civil engineers, and contractors. It also offers a plethora of opportunities which are not confined to profiles of contractors and builders only, but extend up to professionals including people with marketing, law, finance, and advertising backgrounds. Many property management companies also work tightly with the Coming to the trends of talent acquisition, most real estate firms are becoming proactive in terms of hiring and are adopting latest talent acquisition and recruitment sector, thereby, resulting into indirect generation of employment. trends like on-campus recruitments, e- recruitments using recruitment portals, executive search and so on. To meet the demands for highly skilled professional, companies like DLF are looking out for campus recruits from top business schools like IIMs. The job options range from real estate appraisal to property managers, advisors, investment bankers, entrepreneur, retail buyers and merchandisers, visual merchandisers, supply chain distributors and logistics and warehouse managers. 28
  14. 14. Challenges for HR: Lack of quality talent: • There is a gap between the requirements and the availability of quality manpower. The sector is growing quickly and the amount of human resources available is not at par with the rate at which the sector is growing. A large amount of talent is absorbed in mega infrastructure projects. However, the continued growth of the industry is adding to the dearth in the existing talent pool within the country. • Less Supply of freshers from educational institutions: Since real estate sector is a burgeoning one, not every one was earlier attracted to it. Students were lured by other sectors like IT who offered better salary packages than real estate. As a result, people with high potential opted for computer science degrees rather than civil engineering courses. Its only recently that some of the universities have started offering diverse courses in real estate. Moreover, candidates are now recognizing the opportunities real estate sector provides. • Retention: It is becoming increasingly difficult for the companies to retain talent with them. The attrition levels in the sector have touched 12.08 per cent in last year. To retain the potential, companies are paying hefty amounts to their employees. The salary hike was recorded at 25.2 per cent in 2007 and is expected to be followed in coming years. • Inculcating values: Times have been changing for the real estate sector and earning profits has become top priority for every company. With respect to this, the companies often forget to comply with quality norms or ensure integrity in practices. It becomes a challenge for the HR to inculcate values of integrity and commitment towards customer satisfaction in all the employees. A majority of companies now also emphasize on transparent dealings and methods while doing business. This will be an on-going challenge since the sector has enough weak links outside their companies, which also need to be changed. • Lack of second line leadership: 29
  15. 15. By MNCs entering the realty markets take away the cream of talent at the first level. Other players thus look for candidates with high leadership skills. The challenge for HR, here, becomes to develop the second line of management and if possible even the third line, which is capable of undertaking enormous work pressure from the top line. The changing face of realty sector is posing great challenges for the companies in terms of talent shortage and high attrition. To deal with such challenges becomes the sole responsibility of the HR departments of the companies so as to keep pace with the growth of the sector. CSR Initiatives "For DLF, Corporate Social Responsibility is not just an add on; rather our business and social commitment are mutually reinforcing and neither will be sustainable without the other. We have a continuing social responsibility towards the people of the area in which we operate more so towards the less fortunate. It has been our constant endeavor to create sustainable economies and transform stagnant lives into active partnerships through synergized proactive handholding in areas of infrastructure, education, training, health and environment. We have made a public commitment to carry on these trusted relationships." – CEO Mr. K.P.Singh. Rural Interventions: Towards better living conditions • DLF decided to solve the local problems of Gurgaon when DLF was setting up the DLF township in Gurgaon. • Solved the sewer problem in Nathupur and Chakarpur villages by connecting them to the DLF’s own sewer line system. • Constructed the internal roads at Wazirabad and Chakarpur. • Provided electricity in Chakarpur and Nathupur. • Constructed the class rooms at the Chakarpur school and electricity work at the Nathupur Higher Senior Secondary School. 30
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  17. 17. DLF Luxury Homes :- • DLF Commander's Court Chennai • SamaTara Shimla • The Aralias Gurgaon • The Magnolias Gurgaon New Projects :- • DLF Capital Greens, Phase III • DLF Valley Panchkula • The Belaire Gurgaon • DLF Park Place Gurgaon Completed Projects:- • The Summit Gurgaon • The Pinnacle Gurgaon • The Icon Gurgaon • The Royalton Tower Gurgaon • The Silver Oaks Gurgaon • The Beverly Park Gurgaon Infrastructure Multi-Level Car Parking Projects – Baba Kharag Singh Marg MLCP & Sarojini Nagar MLCP 32
  18. 18. As part of DLF’s infrastructure development initiatives, DLF is developing two Automated Multi Level Car Parking facilities in New Delhi. These projects are being executed under Public-Private-Partnership with New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) on Design, Build, Operate and Transfer basis. Projects are located at the Sarojini Nagar Market (SNM) and Baba Kharag Singh Marg (BKS), Connaught Place, New Delhi. Automated parking system at the two locations would provide convenient parking in vertical structure. In current times, when land has become scarce in major cities, vertical structures for car parking provide the most apt solution. The projects will also cater to the commercial space requirement in these areas.The BKS Marg project with 1408 car parking capacity across 8 levels, will have commercial space (retail/office) on both Ground and First Floor while the SNM project with a capacity of 824 cars across 7 levels, will have retail space on both Ground Floor and First Floor. Customer interface for parking will take place at basement level where customer can leave their car and it will be taken to the parking slots using lifts. Looking at the parking situation in Delhi, this initiative by NDMC in partnership with DLF will go a long way in improving the parking situation in these areas. Retail - Planning and Development Under Execution:- • Mall of India Noida • DLF Place NTC Mills, Mumbai 33
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  20. 20. Offices:- • DLF Building 7B • Gurgaon • Nestle House • Gurgaon • DLF Atria • Gurgaon 35
  21. 21. Offices:- • DLF Building 7B • Gurgaon • Nestle House • Gurgaon • DLF Atria • Gurgaon 36
  22. 22. • Ericcson Forum DLF IT SEZs :- • DLF Cyber SEZ Building 14, Gurgaon • DLF Cyber SEZ Building 6, Gurgaon • DLF IT SEZ Silokhera • DLF Akruti IT SEZ Pune • DLF IT SEZ Chennai • DLF IT SEZ Hyderabad DLF IT Park :- • DLF IT Park Noida • DLF IT Park Kolkata • DLF IT Park Chandigarh 37
  23. 23. Hotels DLF Hotels: Hospitality Re-Defined! DLF Hotels is a premium hotel and resort development company focused on developing the hospitality market segment in India. Its vision is "to be India's premium hospitality real estate development company" by leveraging its real estate capabilities to build and own India's largest chain of hospitality assets. The objective is to develop, acquire, finance and actively manage world-class hospitality properties. The company is in the process of building over 25,000 rooms in more than 40 cities and tourist destinations across India. These are being developed under the luxury, business, leisure & recreational segments of the hospitality industry. The multi-crore investment in the business structure would include diverse property tie-ups. These would 38
  24. 24. be with the finest and comprehensive global operators to suit "individual property" theme with some of the leading brand's of hotels in the world. From its head quarters in Gurgaon, DLF Hotels deploys a team of high caliber and talented professionals, committed to developing and delivering premium properties. Equipped with its expertise in real estate development, advanced technology and an enormous land bank, the company focuses on delivering innovative property designs with precise execution skills. DLF Limited, the parent company of DLF Hotels, is the largest and most esteemed organization in the real estate business with over six decades of experience in the market. In September 2006, DLF Limited was the only real estate firm amongst the 60 business names "Superbrands of India" under the real estate category. The emphasis now is on strengthening its lateral and vertical business drivers. These include the development of innovative business strategies, the strengthening of professional resources and driving market penetration. DLF Limited has a variety of projects that not just re-define the hospitality landscape, but the very concept of luxury as well 39
  25. 25. LEISURE The City Club DLF CITY PHASE I, II, III, IV and V, GURGAON When the Service is extraordinary, the experience can only be unique and unforgettable… Discover the perfect hub of entertainment, dining and sporting activities just next to your Home. Welcome to the DLF City Club. Brought to you by India’s largest real-estate company, the club is designed by the renowned architect, Hafeez Contractor. With a warm blend of Luxury and comfort, the Club is an ideal destination for the corporate world and family outings DLF CITY PHASE V, GURGAON, ON THE SOUTHERN BORDER OF NEW DELHI *Rated as India's best Golf Course* One of the landmark creations of DLF, it been ranked* as the best in the country and amongst the best golf courses in Asia. The Arnold Palmer Signature Golf Course is India's first Golf Course to offer night golf facility; the undulating greens light up in the night to offer a tee off under the stars! In the day, the dramatic Aravali range offers a magnificent backdrop to the 7204 yard, 18-hole, par-72 championship course. Landscaped by internationally acclaimed architect Belt Collins, this beautiful parkland is home to five sparkling lakes, meandering streams, variety of flora and fauna, and of course world class fairways. 40
  26. 26. The Club House, designed in true colonial style, offers a lounge and locker rooms; a well-stocked pro shop; a bar and restaurant; masseurs, steam and sauna; snooker and pool tables, a delightful sun-deck with fabulous views of the landscape. The Sports Complex comprises a 25 meter lagoon sized swimming pool, night-lit tennis courts, gymnasium, squash courts, horse riding, basketball hoop, artistic and traditional yoga, aerobic classes, kick-boxing and taekwondo. The Course is complimented by the finest golf teaching academy offering the most comprehensive golf lessons in the country. Golfers are bred here by top-notch pros offering world class teaching technique and equipment. It has played host to some of the most prestigious national and international tournaments like Hero Honda Indian Open, BILT Skins, DLF Masters, DLF Women Indian Open and the Johnnie Walker Classic. 41
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