Ssm Theology Week 8

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Ssm Theology Week 8

  1. 1. Eschatology<br />Session Eight:<br />The Doctrine of Last Things<br />How do I prepare for eternity?<br />
  2. 2. Thesis:<br />Only the Bible supplies an authentic revelation of the future for both the saint and the sinner.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />Survey of Theology - Shelby<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Point 1.<br />Since mankind was engineered for eternity, we have an insatiable curiosity about the future.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />Survey of Theology - Shelby<br />3<br />
  4. 4. A. What happens at death?<br />The moral cause of death is sin, Rom 5:12; 1 Cor 15:21-22<br />The immediate cause of death is nature<br />The ultimate cause of death is God, 1 Sam 2:6; Job 14:5; Luke 12:5<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />Survey of Theology - Shelby<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Point 2.<br />After death there is destiny, because this life is just probation.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />Survey of Theology - Shelby<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Point 3.<br />Character is formed by habit; destiny is set by character, so when a soul passes out into eternity it continues to be what it was in time.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />Survey of Theology - Shelby<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Pictures of Death.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />Survey of Theology - Shelby<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Why No Soul Sleep<br />Lazarus was conscious, aware and able to act in Luke 16<br />Paul visited Paradise and got information he could not share, 2 Cor 12:2-4<br />Jesus died and preached to the spirits imprisoned by Satan, 1 Pet 3:19<br />The souls under the altar in heaven cry out with a loud voice, Rev 6:9-11<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Point 4. <br />The Devil has done everything he possibly can to insure that no one will live if he does not live.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />9<br />
  10. 10. The Facts of Death.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Three Hells for the Lost<br />1) Hell on earth<br />2) The Hell of Hades in an intermediate state<br />3) The final Lake of Fire for eternity<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Point 5.<br />There will be a resurrection for everybody, but there will not be the same resurrection for everybody, Dan 12:2.<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Point 6.<br />Christ’s resurrection was both a pledge and a pattern of our resurrection.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />13<br />
  14. 14. C. How can we escape death?<br />A) We know there is a resurrection from nature<br />B) We know there is a resurrection from science<br />C) What we do not know from human speculation is supplied in divine revelation<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />14<br />
  15. 15. What Isthe Resurrection Body?<br />1) Incorruptible in material, 1 Cor 15:42<br />2) Glorious in appearance, 1 Cor 15:43<br />3) Powerful in operation, 1 Cor 15:43<br />4) Energized by the Spirit, 1 Cor 15:44; Rom 8:11<br />5) Patterned after Christ’s resurrected body, 1 Cor 15:49<br />6) Different in substance but same in identity with our present body, 1 Cor 15:37-38; Phil 3:21<br />7) It is flesh and bone adapted to a new sphere, 1 Cor 15:39; Luke 24:39<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />15<br />
  16. 16. II. What about the Church? Rapture & Reward<br />A. Christ descends into the atmosphere surrounding this planet, to gather his body to him, 1 Thes 4:17<br />B. After the Tribulation, Christ descends all the way to the earth itself, Zech 14:4<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Prophetic Timeline<br />1. Dead and living saints are caughtup, MAT 11:12; 13:19; JOHN 10:28-29; ACTS 8:39; JUDE 23<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Prophetic Timeline<br />1. Dead and living saints are caught up, MAT 11:12; 13:19; JOHN 10:28-29; ACTS 8:39; JUDE 23 <br />2. We meet the Lord in the air, JOHN 11:38-44<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />18<br />
  19. 19. Prophetic Timeline<br />1. Dead and living saints are caught up, MAT 11:12; 13:19; JOHN 10:28-29; ACTS 8:39; JUDE 23<br />2. We meet the Lord in the air, JOHN 11:38-44<br />3. Living believers are changed, 1 COR 15:51-53; 1 THES 4:17; REV 22:20<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />19<br />
  20. 20. Point 7.<br />Because there is no fixeddatefor the rapture, each succeeding generation of Christians can derive comfort from the promise of the rapture.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />20<br />
  21. 21. Point 8.<br />God’s ways of judging us are sometimes secret but they are never unjust.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />21<br />
  22. 22. Point 9.<br />Heart attitudes will not be more important than actual works at the Judgment Seat of Christ. 2 Corinthians 5:9-10<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />22<br />
  23. 23. The Judgment Seat of Christ<br />Location—in the air, before the Bema Seat of the Lord, 2 Cor 5:10; Matt 27:19; Acts 18:16<br />Duration—after the rapture and before the marriage supper, Rev 19:7; 22:12; 4:4<br />Participation—only church-age saints, 2 Cor 5:10; Rom 14:10<br />Examination—the righteous Judge will be our Lord Jesus Christ, Rom 14:7-12; 1 John 2:28<br />Regulation—according to truth (Rom 2:2), according to deeds (Rom 2:6-7), without partiality (Rom 2:11)<br />Description—everyone’s work will be made manifest (1 Cor 3:12); everyone’s walk will be tried (1 Cor 3:13; 2 Cor 5:10)<br />Implication—reward to some (1 Cor 3:14) and loss to others (1 Cor 3:15; Matt 25:26,28-30; Col 3:25)<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />23<br />
  24. 24. The Rewards<br />1) Commendation for the race, Matt 25:21,23; 1 Cor 9:24-25<br />2) Crowns for rulership, Rev 2:10, 26-27; 20:4; Luke 19:12-19<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />24<br />
  25. 25. The Rewards<br />1) Commendation for the race, Matt 25:21,23; 1 Cor 9:24-25<br />2) Crowns for rulership, Rev 2:10, 26-27; 20:4; Luke 19:12-19<br />3) Communion for relationship, Rev 2:17,28; 3:12,21<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />25<br />
  26. 26. The SecondComingof Christ<br />1) At least seven years after rapture and at close of Tribulation, Matt 24:29-30<br />2) Has attending phenomenon, Matt 24:29; Rev 6:12-17; 16:20; Luke 21:25-26<br />3) Is personal (Matt 24:30), physical (Rev 19:11-16), public (Matt 24:27; Rev 1:7), powerful (2 Thes 1:7; Rev 19:14-15) and prestigious (Matt 24:30; Mark 8:38; 2 Thes 1:10; Rev 19:16) 4) He will deal with his enemies, deliver his people Israel, and overpower all opposition in the battle of Armageddon, Rev 6:16-17; 16:13-16; 14:17-20<br />4) Will deal with his enemies in the battle of Armageddon, Rev 6:16-17; 16:13-16; 14:17-20<br />5) Judgment of surviving nations, Matt 25:31-46<br />6) A wedding ceremony for the church, Rev 19:7-9<br />7)Kingdom of heaven established on earth, Rev 20:1-7<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />26<br />
  27. 27. Three Versions of the Millennium<br />1) Premillennialism<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />27<br />
  28. 28. Three Versions of the Millennium<br />1) Premillennialism<br />2) Postmillennialism<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />28<br />
  29. 29. Three Versions of the Millennium<br />1) Premillennialism<br />2) Postmillennialism<br />3) Amillennialism<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />29<br />
  30. 30. Definition:<br />Divine justice is God’s ability to render to every man according to his works, Prov 24:12.<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />30<br />
  31. 31. Points Not to PassAbout God’s Judgments<br />1) God’s longsuffering should not be mistaken as tolerance or indifference<br />2) The reason for God’s seeming indulgence of sinners is so they can become more inexcusable, Rev 2:21<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />31<br />
  32. 32. Points Not to PassAbout God’s Judgments<br />1) God’s longsuffering should not be mistaken as tolerance or indifference<br />2) The reason for God’s seeming indulgence of sinners is so they can become more inexcusable, Rev 2:21<br />3) Punishment is because of rejecting Christ more than as an exercise of God’s justice<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />32<br />
  33. 33. Point 10.<br />Hell is the final abode of all those who live and die in their sin; heaven is the final abode of all those who are redeemed by the blood of Jesus Christ and regenerated by the Holy Spirit.<br />33<br />
  34. 34. What is Hell?<br />The great gulf fixed that no one can pass over<br />The shut door which cannot be opened<br />The outer darkness where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth<br />The other destiny declared to be away from Christ<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />34<br />
  35. 35. Certainties about Hell<br />1) Personality is indestructible, so conscious survival after death is clearly taught in the Bible, Luke 16:19-31; 2 Cor 5:8; Phil 1:23; Heb 12:22-23; Rev 6:9-10<br />2) All who die outside of Christ go to Hell, Acts 4:12<br />3) Hell is a place of conscious torment which time can never end, and tears can never quench, Luke 3:23-25,28; 2 Pet 2:9<br />4) The Lake of Fire will eventually flood Hell, Rev 20:14-15: 21:8<br />5.) The only escape is now, and once a person gets in Christ all condemnation is removed, Rom 8:1<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />35<br />
  36. 36. False Teaching on Hell<br />A) Universalism<br />B) Conditionalism<br />C) Purgatory<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />36<br />
  37. 37. The Great White Throne<br />1) Scene, Rev 20:11<br />2) Subjects, Rev 20:12-13; John 5:29<br />3) Scrutiny, Rev 20:12-13; Luke 12:17,48<br />The book of remembrance, Mal 3:16<br />The book of conscience, Rom 1:19<br />The book of providence, Rom 11:14-15<br />The book of God, Rom 2:12-16<br />The book of life, Rev 3:5; Luke 10:20<br />4) Sentence, Rev 20:14-15<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />37<br />
  38. 38. F. What about eternity?<br />1) Heaven for the Jew and Gentile are on a newly recreated sea-less earth, Rev 21:1,3<br />2) Heaven for the church is in the New Jerusalem, Rev 21:2,9,10<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />38<br />
  39. 39. Heaven for us<br />1) Fullness of joy and pleasure for evermore, Ps 16:11; 21:6; 36:8; Matt 25:21,23<br />2) Rest from work, Heb 4:9; Rev 14:13<br />3) Unceasing service without weariness, Rev 7:15; 22:3<br />4) Perfect knowledge, 1 Cor 13:9-12<br />5) Perfect beauty and safety, Rev 21:19-21<br />6) Happy reunion with loved ones, 2 Sam 12:23; 1 Thes 4:13-18<br />7) The bliss of being with and being like Jesus, Ps 17:15; John 12:26; 1 Thes 5:10; 1 John 3:2; Rev 22:4<br />SSM Spring 2010<br />39<br />

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