Ssm Theology Week 3
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  • 1. Bibliology SESSION THREE: SCRIPTURES & PRAYER WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE BIBLE?
  • 2. Thesis: • Your attitude toward the Bible determines your ability to understand and proclaim its doctrines. Psalm 119:161 Princes have persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 2
  • 3. Point 1. • Divine truth has to be understood from a divine standpoint so that as revealed truth is obeyed, added light is granted. Job 34:32 That which I see not teach thou me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 3
  • 4. WHO SAYS SO? AUTHORSHIP THREE TERMS THEIR MEANING THE DEFINITION Revelation “To draw back the veil” and That which is communicated by God which enable unblocked vision of a man would not otherwise know, Deut 29:29 divine truth The Message Inspiration “To exhale” and enable The act of breathing out by God and uncorrupted testimony in a breathing into men to get divine instruction divine record to man’s spirit, Job 32:8 The Method Illumination “To shed light” and enable The work of the Holy Spirit to open the understanding of a divine understanding of men to spiritual truth, John message 16:13-15 The Meaning SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 4
  • 5. Point 2. • The Bible is not a record of man’s thoughts about God; it is a revelation of God’s thoughts to and through men. REVELATION INSPIRATION INSCRIPTURATION TRANSLATION PRESERVATION 5
  • 6. Point 3. • The word of the Holy Spirit in these last days is to use preaching to illuminate the minds of people to the divine truth preserved in the Bible. REVELATION—OT INSPIRATION—Gospels & Acts ILLUMINATION—Today SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 6
  • 7. Point 4. • You cannot understand the Bible through grammar, history and commentary alone; you come to understand the Bible as you compare scripture with scripture and listen to the Holy Ghost. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 7
  • 8. WHAT THE BIBLE IS 1. A BOOK 3. A REVELATION Because of its consistency It is delivered with absolute authority Because of its progressive revelation It tells us things we could not know otherwise 2. A RECORD 4. A MESSAGE OT = the record of a called-out nation Of a present salvation NT = the record of a called-out church Of a coming kingdom SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 8
  • 9. Definition: • The Bible is God’s message of a future coming kingdom, which has a requirement for entrance of present salvation. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 9
  • 10. Why Pay Attention? Canonicity WORDS MEANING SIGNIFICANCE Hebrew: Kaneh A reed or bulrush A measuring rod A norm or standard A list or table (either in mathematics, history or sacred writings) Greek: Kanon A straight staff or rule English: Canon A list of the books containing the sum total of the declarations and directives inspired by God and defined as his word or scripture SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 10
  • 11. Point 5. • To organize the Bible did not add anything to the integrity of the Bible. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 11
  • 12. Definition: • Canonization was the act of the church in recognizing all the writings that were inspired, so they were all included and nothing was left out, and nothing was put in that was not inspired. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 12
  • 13. Steps in CanonizatioN 1) God revealed his truth 2) The Holy Spirit inspired the speaking of his truth 3) Scribes and spirit-led believers wrote down, copied, read, preached and studied his truth 4) Church councils recognized the resultant writings as inspired and declared them canonical SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 13
  • 14. Definition: • Preservati on means to keep from corruption . SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 14
  • 15. A. PRESERVATION OT 1. Initially—Levitical priests 2. Subsequently—Scribes 3. Presently—Orthodox Jews NT 4. Initially—Holy Spirit 5. Subsequently—Priesthood of believers 6. Eventually—Greek scribes SSM Spring 2010 7. Presently—TR manuscripts Survey of Theology - Shelby 15
  • 16. B. TRANSLATION 1. A perfect translation is consistent with the character and integrity of God 2. A perfect translation is consistent with the character of Scripture 3. A perfect translation is consistent with the evidence of history SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 16
  • 17. Conclusion 1. God gave a wisdom not of this world 2. Although Biblical revelation comes to us in human language, it does not participate in the limitations of human speech 3. When translated correctly, Biblical truth should not be compromised to adapt to culture 4. The Bible should not be reinterpreted by the translation to make the SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 17 message of Scripture suitable to
  • 18. Thesis A: • The prayers of the saints “interrupt heaven” and cause things to happen on earth. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 18
  • 19. Thesis B: • God listens to the prayers of the saints and prayer does not change things, but prayer is our personal involvement in the spiritual realm, which does change things. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 19
  • 20. THE DEFINITION OF PRAYER 1. Prayer is coming into the presence of God 2. Prayer is communing with the person of God 3. Prayer is claiming the promises of God SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 20
  • 21. THE PATTERN OF PRAYER A. Approaching God 1. On the Basis of Relationship 2. With Reverence 3. With Resignation SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 21
  • 22. THE PATTERN OF PRAYER A. Approaching God B. Asking God C. Adoring God SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 22
  • 23. THE PROBLEMS OF PRAYER A. Heartless, Jer29:13; Matt 15:8 B. Hindered SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 23
  • 24. THE KEY OT TERMS OF PRAYER A. palal(80x)—to pray to God for something B. sha'al—a request, to ask for a desired object C. 'athar—pleading, a request made with urgency D. chanan—"to plead for favor" E. chalah—a verb of asking, often with SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 24 the connotation of seeking approval
  • 25. THEKEY COMPONENTS OF PRAYER A. Worship‐based 1. Praise 2. Confession 3. Thanksgiving SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 25
  • 26. THE KEY COMPONENTS OF PRAYER A. Worship‐based B. Request-based 1. Confession 2. Supplication SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 26
  • 27. THE KEY TRUTHS OF PRAYER A. Prayer is part of both private life and corporate worship B. Request prayer follows worship prayer C. Prayer is focused on God’s character D. Prayer is concerned with the glory of God’s name SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 27
  • 28. NEXT CLASS Wk DATE Subject GRUDEM DUE 4 Jan 27 God (Theology Proper) 58-78 Mid-term SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 28