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  1. 1. Burj Al Arab
  2. 2.  United Arab Emirates – Dubai  Private Island (280 m Offshore)
  3. 3. The World's Tallest Usable Full Hotel Building. If You Counted Mixed Use Buildings The Jin Mao Tower In China Would Be The Tallest Which Is Only Half Hotel. In English "Burj Al Arab" Means The Arabian Tower Burj Al Arab Was One Of The Most Expensive Buildings Ever Built. It Is One Of The World's Only Two "7 Star" Hotels. Burj Al Arab Is Shaped Like A Sail.
  4. 4. Burj Al Arab is 321m Tall It is the second tallest hotel of the world
  5. 5. Burj Al Arab is 321m Tall It is the second tallest hotel of the world The building was started in 1994 and was officially launched on December 1, 1999
  6. 6. Burj Al Arab is 321m Tall It is the second tallest hotel of the world The building was started in 1994 and was officially launched on December 1, 1999 The hotel cost US$650 million to build
  7. 7. Structure: Stunning design: • The Burj Al Arab is shaped like a billowing spinnaker sail • It characterizes itself as the world's only "7-star" property • Floors: 60 Rooms: 202
  8. 8. Features: • Underwater restaurant • The hotel’s atrium is the world's tallest, measuring 180 m high. (lobby-upper floor) • Helicopter & RR transfers.
  9. 9. • The Burj Al Arab is a futuristic architectural marvel towering over the Gulf. • The hotel is significantly taller than it appears to the eye (332 m) • Worlds highest tennis court.
  10. 10. Internet access, office area, laptop, private telephone and facsimile, photocopier and data port
  11. 11. It was built in the shape of an Arabian boat.
  12. 12. The Burj Al Arab is built on anThe Burj Al Arab is built on an Artificial island 280 m out fromArtificial island 280 m out from Jumeirah beach,Jumeirah beach, It is connected to the mainland by aIt is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridgeprivate curving bridge
  13. 13. It took less than three years to construct the building. The building contains over 70,000 m3 of concrete and 9,000 tons of steel.
  14. 14. The screen is made of 1mm thick glass fiberThe screen is made of 1mm thick glass fiber fabric with a Teflon coat to stop the dirtfabric with a Teflon coat to stop the dirt sticking. The screen is the largest of it's typesticking. The screen is the largest of it's type and covers an area of one and a half footballand covers an area of one and a half football pitch.pitch.
  15. 15. The Burj Al Arab holds only 28 double- storey floors which accommodate 202 bedroom suites.
  16. 16. The smallest suite occupies an area of 169 mThe smallest suite occupies an area of 169 m22 and the largest covers 780 mand the largest covers 780 m22
  17. 17. Al Muntaha Restaurant (right side) is located 200 metres above the Persian Gulf. It is supported by a full Cantilever that extends 27 metres from the mast.
  18. 18.  Status: built  Construction Dates:    Began: 1994    Finished: 1999  Floor Count: 60  Elevator Count: 18  Units / Rooms: 202
  19. 19.  Number of piles: 230  Length of piles: 45m  Diameter of piles 1.5m  Depth of lowest basement under sea is 7m below sea level.
  20. 20. Engineers created a surface layerEngineers created a surface layer of large rocks, which is circled with aof large rocks, which is circled with a concrete honeycomb pattern,concrete honeycomb pattern, It protects the foundation from erosion. It tookIt protects the foundation from erosion. It took 3 Years to build the island.3 Years to build the island.
  21. 21. Heights  Height of atrium: 182m  Height of helipad from sea: 212M  Height of top of accommodation from island: 190m  Height of top of mast from island :321m
  22. 22.  The diagonal trusses on the side of the building are as long as a football pitch and weigh as much as 20 double-decker busses. They were built 15 KM from the site and brought by road to Dubai on huge 80 wheel lorries which had to be specially imported from South Africa. The highest truss took a day to lift into place. If one man was to build the building himself it would take about 8,000 years to finish.
  23. 23.  carbon  fiber    concrete  fabric    glass  gold    steel
  24. 24. It took 3 years to complete the island from total 5 years construction period
  25. 25. Construction of Burj Al Arab began in 1994, and was completed in 1999 It was built n the shape of the Arab dhow, a type of Arabian vessel. Two ‘wings’ spread in a V shape to form a ‘mast’, with the space in between them making the worlds largest atrium. It needed to be a building that would become synonymous with the name of the country.
  26. 26.  Temporary tube piles driven into sea bed  Temporary sheet piles and tie rods driven into sea bed to support boundary rocks (see figure 1)
  27. 27.  Permanent boundary rock bunds deposited either side of sheet piles  Hydraulic fill layers deposited between bunds to displace sea water and form island (see figure 2 with fill layers partially complete)
  28. 28.  Permanent concrete armor units placed around island to protect it from the waves  2m diameter 43m deep piles driven through island and sea bed below to stabilize structure (see figure 3)
  29. 29.  Island interior excavated and temporary sheet pile coffer dam inserted  2m thick concrete plug slab laid at base of island  Reinforced concrete retaining wall built  Basement floors created (see figure 4)
  30. 30. Lateral loads are transferred from steel frame to central spine. Spine unifies the steel and concrete structures.
  31. 31. Whole loads are first passed from reinforced concrete in multistory frame to main steel exoskeleton, and then to the foundation.
  32. 32. Braces the exterior steel frame • Resists Lateral Loads • Resists Overturning
  33. 33. • Braces steel frame diagonally • Resists Lateral Loads • Reduce Moment and Deflection
  34. 34. The structure is made of a steel exoskeleton wrapped around an reinforced concrete tower. The space between the wings is enclosed by a Teflon-coated fiberglass sail, curving across the front of the building and creating an atrium inside. The sail is made of a material called Dyneon, spanning over 161,000 square feet, consists of two layers, and is divided into twelve panels and installed vertically. The fabric is coated with DuPont Teflon to protect it from harsh desert heat, wind, and dirt. The fabricators estimate that it will hold up for up to 50 years.
  35. 35.  Joint Venture between  Al Habtoor Engineering  Murray and Roberts  Fletcher Construction
  36. 36.  The companies all joined to gather because by utilizing the separate talents of each partner; the bulk of the risk could be redistributed to the firms that were best equipped to handle each particular issue. The risks that needed to be considered were: 1. labor supply 2. concrete work 3. structural steel supply 4. Erection 5. high rise management experience 6. Purchasing 7. cost control 8. management staffing
  37. 37.  The Burj Al Arab is lit by 150 color changing. highlighted by 90 Data Flash strobes • The tower changes from white to multicolor as the evening progresses The Changing Colors of the Building’s Exterior
  38. 38. Architecture critics: This extraordinary investment stretches the limits of the ambitious urban imagination largely due to the power of excessive wealth.
  39. 39. You need to add what it will cost you to dine in this restaurant
  40. 40. This is an aerial view from the plane Look at the Hotel Burj Al Arab