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Sa

  1. 1. to your study skills workshop
  2. 2. <ul><li>Who am I </li></ul><ul><li>Who are you </li></ul><ul><li>Why are you here </li></ul>Mike
  3. 3. What do you expect? <ul><li>When you go to the cinema you plan beforehand what you’re going to see </li></ul>
  4. 4. Time goes at varying speeds With deadlines to meet time can weigh very heavily on your mind If you’re bored it really drags Focus and Time speeds up
  5. 6. Objectives <ul><ul><li>How you remember things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making learning easier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General principles not subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How your brain works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>be sceptical </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Memory check <ul><li>Relax You will not feel a thing </li></ul>
  7. 8. Peg words <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul><ul><li>6 </li></ul><ul><li>7 </li></ul><ul><li>8 </li></ul><ul><li>9 </li></ul><ul><li>10 </li></ul>gun shoe tree door hive sticks heaven gate wine hen
  8. 9. Peg words <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul><ul><li>6 </li></ul><ul><li>7 </li></ul><ul><li>8 </li></ul><ul><li>9 </li></ul><ul><li>10 </li></ul>gun shoe tree door hive sticks heaven gate wine hen hydrogen helium lithium beryllium boron carbon nitrogen oxygen fluorine neon
  9. 10. Memory check Your brain has about 100 billion active neurons or nerve-cells. Each one grows branches like a tree, to store information: up to 20,000 branch like dendrites with each cell. Each connects to other cells by sending electrical-chemical messages along a long axon.
  10. 11. Memory check <ul><li>100 billion neurons </li></ul>Assume an average of 2 seconds to count each number and 8 hours a day downtime for essential functions: 16rs =3600 x 16 secs = 57600 secs = 28880 numbers With 365.25 days each year it is possible to count 10,519,200 numbers per year which is 1,051,920,00 per 100 years so 100 bilion would take slightly less than 10,000 years to count Could you count to 100 billion?
  11. 12. The penny drops
  12. 13. periodically <ul><li>1 hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>2 shoe </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 door </li></ul><ul><li>5 boron </li></ul><ul><li>6 sticks </li></ul><ul><li>7 nitrogen </li></ul><ul><li>8 </li></ul><ul><li>9 fluorine </li></ul><ul><li>10 hen </li></ul>
  13. 14. Peg words <ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>5 </li></ul><ul><li>6 </li></ul><ul><li>7 </li></ul><ul><li>8 </li></ul><ul><li>9 </li></ul><ul><li>10 </li></ul>gun shoe tree door hive sticks heaven gate wine hen hydrogen helium lithium beryllium boron carbon nitrogen oxygen fluorine neon
  14. 16. Image chains <ul><li>Tree </li></ul><ul><li>House </li></ul><ul><li>Guitar </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Phone </li></ul>
  15. 17. Image chains <ul><li>Dog </li></ul><ul><li>Table </li></ul><ul><li>Elephant </li></ul><ul><li>Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>Donkey </li></ul>Plane Window Wall Clock TV Flowers Bus Clown
  16. 18. Different parts of the brain Language Logic Numbers Sequence Words Order Rhyme Rhythm and music Pictures Patterns Creativity Imagination The corpus callosum links both sides Are responsible for different functions Part used for words in list is restricted to seven discrete pieces of information ( ± two) The visual part has no such restriction
  17. 19. Image chains the list of five <ul><li>Tree </li></ul><ul><li>House </li></ul><ul><li>Guitar </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Phone </li></ul>
  18. 33. Image chains <ul><li>Dog </li></ul><ul><li>Table </li></ul><ul><li>Elephant </li></ul><ul><li>Tree </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Chocolate </li></ul><ul><li>Donkey </li></ul>Plane Window Wall Clock TV Flowers Bus Clown
  19. 34. <ul><li>O T T F F S S ? </li></ul>What’s the next letter in this sequence? abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
  20. 35. <ul><li>O T T F F S S </li></ul><ul><li>E T T F F S S E N T </li></ul><ul><li>T T T T T T T T T T </li></ul><ul><li>T T T T T T T T T F </li></ul><ul><li>F F F F . . . . . . . . . . . </li></ul>O ne T wo T hree F our F ive S ix -------- T E N
  21. 36. Richard of York <ul><li>Y </li></ul><ul><li>G </li></ul><ul><li>V </li></ul><ul><li>O </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>R </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul>R Ichard O F Y Ork G Ave B Attle I N V Ain
  22. 37. Single letter mnemonics M y V ery E nergetic M other J ust S wam U nder The N orth P ole The Planets: M ercury V enus E arth M ars J upiter S aturn U ranus N eptune P luto
  23. 38. N aughty E lephants S quirt W ater
  24. 39. Is it relevant <ul><li>If the story was made up from key words for an exam </li></ul><ul><li>16 ~ we’ve just done it </li></ul><ul><li>20~ should now be easy </li></ul><ul><li>50 ~ should be possible for most people after some practice </li></ul><ul><li>200 ? </li></ul><ul><li>Think you’re good enough? </li></ul><ul><li>practice and see!! </li></ul>
  25. 40. A way to study <ul><li>Understand </li></ul><ul><li>Condense </li></ul><ul><li>Memorise </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul>
  26. 41. Understand <ul><li>Link things until the penny drops </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions of friends, books, internet, parents and teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Respect your sources </li></ul>
  27. 42. Who are you? <ul><li>Famous person or cartoon character </li></ul><ul><li>Only questions with a yes or no answer </li></ul><ul><li>Random guessing is not efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Try to structure questions </li></ul>
  28. 43. condense <ul><li>Only important words </li></ul><ul><li>Do not worry about spellings </li></ul>
  29. 44. condense <ul><li>Animals </li></ul><ul><li>30+ too many </li></ul><ul><li>25 – 30 excellent </li></ul><ul><li>10 – 25 good </li></ul><ul><li><10 weak </li></ul><ul><li>Practice using tapes </li></ul>Animals backbone no backbone body temperature changing constant birds mammals fish reptiles amphibians one cell many cells microscopic jointed no joints worms snails spiders crabs insects
  30. 45. condense <ul><li>If you found the last exercise difficult it might be because of your learning style </li></ul>
  31. 46. Preferred Learning Styles Some students are very visual: They have to see everything. Others don’t want to see something written down: they are the more auditory types. Others are kinaesthetic: they have to stand and move.
  32. 47. V isual A uditory K inaesthetic Learn best by seeing pictures, diagrams Learn best by hearing and speaking Learn best by doing, moving, experiencing
  33. 48. V isual <ul><li>Draw pictures and diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Colour code your work </li></ul><ul><li>Use different colour paper and pens </li></ul><ul><li>Use your own system of symbols, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Create images or scenes in your mind </li></ul>
  34. 49. A uditory <ul><li>Say your work out loud </li></ul><ul><li>Give presentations to an imaginary audience </li></ul><ul><li>Record notes (etc.) on tape </li></ul><ul><li>Hear the information in your mind </li></ul><ul><li>Use silly noises to remember things </li></ul><ul><li>Play instrumental music </li></ul>
  35. 50. K inaesthetic <ul><li>Do actions when learning key facts </li></ul><ul><li>Walk about when learning </li></ul><ul><li>No need to sit at a desk </li></ul><ul><li>Add emotions and textures to exaggerate information. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to experience what you are learning </li></ul>
  36. 51. condense <ul><li>Now try previous exercise visually </li></ul>All animals can be divided into two types, those that have an internal backbone and those which do no t have an internal backbone . Animals that have an internal backbone can further be divided into those that have a constant body temp erature and those that have a body temperature which keeps changing . Some animals which have a constant body temperature are birds and mammals . Animals such as fish , amphibians and reptiles have a changing body temperature. Those animals with no internal backbone can also be divided into two types; animals with only one cell and animals with many cells . Animals with only one cell are called microscopic animals. Some animals have no backbone have a jointed hard covering over their body. Animals such as insects , spiders and crabs are of this type. There are also some animals with no backbone and no joint ed covering. Examples of this type are worms and snails . animals internal backbone no internal backbone constant body temp changing birds mammals fish amphibians reptiles one cell many cells microscopic jointed insects spiders crabs no joint worms snails
  37. 52. memorise <ul><li>loci </li></ul>
  38. 53. review <ul><li>Give your neurons a chance to establish solid networks </li></ul>
  39. 54. Surf the waves of memory!
  40. 55. mapping <ul><li>A way of ordering your notes </li></ul><ul><li>Draw a diagram </li></ul><ul><li>plot the key words in whatever way you feel most comfortable </li></ul>Animals backbone no backbone body temperature changing constant birds mammals fish reptiles amphibians one cell many cells microscopic jointed no joints worms snails spiders crabs insects
  41. 56. mapping <ul><li>Spider diagram </li></ul><ul><li>as seen by visual brain </li></ul>Animals backbone no backbone body temperature changing constant birds mammals fish reptiles amphibians one cell many cells microscopic jointed no joints worms snails spiders crabs insects
  42. 57. Association map ~ animals visual brain only
  43. 58. <ul><li>Association map </li></ul>Animals backbone no backbone body temp changing constant birds mammals fish reptiles amphibians one cell many microscopic jointed no joints worms snails spiders crabs insects
  44. 59. The one rule of A-mapping? The information should be placed ON the lines of the A-map, ( so your mind can find the information more easily)
  45. 67. What should I revise? <ul><li>Choose subject individually </li></ul><ul><li>Work in pairs </li></ul><ul><li>Work in groups </li></ul>
  46. 68. Time management <ul><li>Priorities ~ make a list of 10 things you need to get done tomorrow ~ </li></ul>1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Watch tv Go to bed Catch bus Have breakfast Get washed Get dressed Go to school Do homework Phone friend Wake up Wake up Get washed Get dressed Have breakfast Catch bus Go to school Do homework Phone friend Watch tv Go to bed Re-arrange them into the best order
  47. 69. Time management – long term How many hours to go How many hours for each subject How many hours for each subject per week Try to keep to these weekly targets
  48. 70. Time management - short term
  49. 71. review for review for review for review for 10 minutes later 1 day later 1 week later 1 month later 2-5 minutes 2-5 minutes 10 minutes 5 minutes Time management Remember to include time for review
  50. 72. Time management
  51. 73. R emember and understand things by finding the keywords/storyline first. E nter the information into your brain using your imagination in a logical way . V isualise as much as possible. I ncorporate a continuous review of your notes into your schedule. E asy does it – relaxed concentration is the key to excellence! W ork in short bursts: 30-45 minutes then 5 minutes stretch break for greater levels of understanding and memorising.
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