Will RFID Replace Barcodes? <ul><li>Prepared by </li></ul><ul><li>Ashwath Shetty </li></ul><ul><li>Darshan Parekh </li></u...
Agenda <ul><li>What is RFID? </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptions of RFID replacing Bar codes </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Issue...
“ Any society that would give up little liberty to gain little security will deserve neither and lose both”  Will RFID Rep...
What is RFID? <ul><li>RFID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact less Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of Tags, read...
Perception of RFID replacing Bar codes <ul><li>Small and Tiny </li></ul><ul><li>No need for Line Of Sight </li></ul><ul><l...
Performance Issues with RFID <ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are warehouse’s RF-Friendly?  “RF-Unfriendly” mater...
Technology Issues with RFID <ul><li>Limitations on actual read tags </li></ul><ul><li>The signal is easily distorted by me...
Use or Misuse <ul><li>Bar codes are used everywhere. Imagine if RFID is used everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Track my movemen...
Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
The Privacy <ul><li>Metro the “Future Store” was forced to install a de-activator </li></ul><ul><li>RFID in University </l...
Big Brother is watching <ul><li>The Government and RFID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA, UK, Germany are some of the countries t...
RFID Implementation Failures <ul><li>Unisys implemented RFID but only 30% of their tags were read by scanners. </li></ul><...
Other Alternatives <ul><li>Bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>UPS has implemented Bluetooth and WiFi together to achieve signific...
Conclusions <ul><li>Why replace bar codes? </li></ul><ul><li>RFID is still considered a “nascent” technology. </li></ul><u...
References <ul><li>Boggan Steve 2006 “Cracked It” Special Report-Identify cards, The Guardian, November 17 th , Friday.  <...
Questions/Suggestions Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
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Will RFID replace Barcodes

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Transcript of "Will RFID replace Barcodes"

  1. 1. Will RFID Replace Barcodes? <ul><li>Prepared by </li></ul><ul><li>Ashwath Shetty </li></ul><ul><li>Darshan Parekh </li></ul><ul><li>Jerrin Jacob Mathew </li></ul><ul><li>Puneet Nangia </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>What is RFID? </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptions of RFID replacing Bar codes </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Technology issues </li></ul><ul><li>Use or Misuse </li></ul><ul><li>The Privacy Issue </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation Failures </li></ul><ul><li>Other Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  3. 3. “ Any society that would give up little liberty to gain little security will deserve neither and lose both” Will RFID Replace Bar codes? - Benjamin Franklin
  4. 4. What is RFID? <ul><li>RFID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact less Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of Tags, readers and a Database </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International Status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US Govt. was first to adopt RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wal-Mart has enjoyed great success with implementing RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Procter and Gamble is using RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Domestic Status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GS1 Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pattie Foods Australia (Frozen foods) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40+ companies in Australia implementing RFID </li></ul></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  5. 5. Perception of RFID replacing Bar codes <ul><li>Small and Tiny </li></ul><ul><li>No need for Line Of Sight </li></ul><ul><li>Holds more information than the ordinary bar code </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic broadcast of their identification number when scanned upon a frequency. </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  6. 6. Performance Issues with RFID <ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are warehouse’s RF-Friendly? “RF-Unfriendly” materials like nylon and synthetic materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Degradation occurs through bending of the tag. </li></ul><ul><li>Park and Lee(2007) </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  7. 7. Technology Issues with RFID <ul><li>Limitations on actual read tags </li></ul><ul><li>The signal is easily distorted by metal compounds or static producing products such as nylon. </li></ul><ul><li>More Data, More Problems </li></ul><ul><li>No fixed standard </li></ul><ul><li>High cost in manufacturing. It is more labour intensive to manufacture RFID tags than barcodes </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer concern </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with nested tags </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  8. 8. Use or Misuse <ul><li>Bar codes are used everywhere. Imagine if RFID is used everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Track my movement </li></ul><ul><li>Can Shopping habits be stored? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Price Discrimination </li></ul></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  9. 9. Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  10. 10. The Privacy <ul><li>Metro the “Future Store” was forced to install a de-activator </li></ul><ul><li>RFID in University </li></ul><ul><li>RFID in bank notes </li></ul><ul><li>RFID in Employee cards </li></ul><ul><li>RFID in Humans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Baja Nightclub </li></ul></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  11. 11. Big Brother is watching <ul><li>The Government and RFID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA, UK, Germany are some of the countries that have implemented RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British RFID Passports were hacked within 6 months of use (Boggan 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Privacy-Rights Advocacy Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CASPIAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACLU (American civil liberties union) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PRC (Privacy rights clearinghouse) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foebud sells RFID blocking equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verichip </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Implants </li></ul></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  12. 12. RFID Implementation Failures <ul><li>Unisys implemented RFID but only 30% of their tags were read by scanners. </li></ul><ul><li>Virgin Atlantic’s RFID implementation did not deliver any business benefits (O’Brien 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Wal-Mart’s early roll outs has not met demands due to lack of supplier ROI </li></ul><ul><li>Ford and Exon Mobil wanted less expensive and weak secuirty. </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  13. 13. Other Alternatives <ul><li>Bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>UPS has implemented Bluetooth and WiFi together to achieve significant business benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Printed Electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost printed electronics could transform RFID industry </li></ul><ul><li>What is wrong with using Bar codes for item identification? </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  14. 14. Conclusions <ul><li>Why replace bar codes? </li></ul><ul><li>RFID is still considered a “nascent” technology. </li></ul><ul><li>RFID delivers desired results in pallet identification </li></ul><ul><li>When adopting new technology companies need to consider social issues </li></ul><ul><li>In its current state, RFID cannot replace the bar code </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  15. 15. References <ul><li>Boggan Steve 2006 “Cracked It” Special Report-Identify cards, The Guardian, November 17 th , Friday. </li></ul><ul><li>Bovenschulte, M., Gabriel, P., Gabner, K., Seidel, U., 2007, &quot;RFID :Prospectives for Germany&quot;, www.bmwi.de </li></ul><ul><li>Cadoo Scott 2005 “RFID use within libraries: An Australian perspective,” </li></ul><ul><li>Das R, ‘Printed electronics whitepaper’, IDTechEX whitepaper, 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>Foebud 2007 “Where do I find RFID?” Foebud. E.V. viewed on 20 th September http://www.foebud.org/rfid/en/where-find#ausweis </li></ul><ul><li>Galanxhi-Janaqi, H. and Fui-Hoon Nah, F. (2004), “U-commerce: emerging trends and research issues”, Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 104 No. 9, pp. 744-55. </li></ul><ul><li>Hunt, D., Puglia, A., Puglia, M., 2007, &quot;RFID: A guide to Radio Frequency Identification,” Issues Surrounding the deployment of RFID, pg 97-109. </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques R, 2006, Printed electronics could transform RFID industry, viewed 21 September 2007, http://vnunet.com </li></ul><ul><li>Mashberg T, 2005, ‘Brown goes bluetooth’, Technology review, vol 108, no.6, pg 42, ABI/INFORM global. </li></ul><ul><li>McGinity M. 2004 “RFID: is this game of tag fair play?” </li></ul><ul><li>Moore, B., 2007,&quot;RFID: Successful Failure&quot; http://www.aimglobal.org/members/news/templates/template.aspx?articleid=2239&zoneid=24,, site visited 29-09-07. </li></ul><ul><li>Muir S, 2006, ‘RFID security concerns’, Emerald Management Xtra, vol 25, no. 1, pp96-107. </li></ul><ul><li>O'brien, P., 2006,&quot; RFID in action&quot;, http://www.cbronline.com, Site visited 30-09-07. </li></ul><ul><li>Reynolds, G., Lynch, K.,2004, &quot;RFID: A Practical Approach&quot;, Seven Critical Success factors in RFID deployments. </li></ul><ul><li>RFID Forum 2003 “Logistics and Transport Focus (5:1)” RFID Forum, July-August, p. 49. </li></ul><ul><li>Siden J, 2001, ‘Performance degradation of RFID system due to the distortion in RFID tag antenna’, International conference of microwave and telecommunications technology 2001, catalog no. 01EX487, Ukraine. </li></ul><ul><li>Saygin Can, Sarangpani Jagannathan and Grasman Scott 2007 “A Systems Approach to Viable RFID Implementation in the Supply Chain” Trends in Supply Chain Design and Management, Springer London </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Daniel 2004 “UPS mail system packs in GPS and Bluetooth” Computer Weekly; May 4, 2004; ProQuest Computing pg. 23 </li></ul><ul><li>Want Roy 2006 “Introduction to RFID Technology” Pervasive Computing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ward M, 2006, RFID: Frequency, standards, adoption and innovation, viewed 20 September2007, http://www.rfidaa.org/upload/documents/PDF/RFID%20explained.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Weiss, A. (2003), “Me and my shadow: RFID tags polarize the debate over privacy vs. efficiency”, netWorker, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 24-30. </li></ul><ul><li>Yasin Mohat, Khaw M. K., Reaz MBI 2006 “Radio Frequency Identification: Evolution of Transponder Circuit Design” Microwave Journal </li></ul>Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  16. 16. Questions/Suggestions Will RFID Replace Bar codes?

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