Will RFID replace Barcodes

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  • 1. Will RFID Replace Barcodes?
    • Prepared by
    • Ashwath Shetty
    • Darshan Parekh
    • Jerrin Jacob Mathew
    • Puneet Nangia
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 2. Agenda
    • What is RFID?
    • Perceptions of RFID replacing Bar codes
    • Performance Issues
    • Technology issues
    • Use or Misuse
    • The Privacy Issue
    • Implementation Failures
    • Other Alternatives
    • Questions
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 3. “ Any society that would give up little liberty to gain little security will deserve neither and lose both” Will RFID Replace Bar codes? - Benjamin Franklin
  • 4. What is RFID?
    • RFID
      • Contact less Technology
      • Consists of Tags, readers and a Database
    • International Status
      • US Govt. was first to adopt RFID
      • Wal-Mart has enjoyed great success with implementing RFID
      • Procter and Gamble is using RFID
    • Domestic Status
      • GS1 Australia
      • Pattie Foods Australia (Frozen foods)
      • 40+ companies in Australia implementing RFID
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 5. Perception of RFID replacing Bar codes
    • Small and Tiny
    • No need for Line Of Sight
    • Holds more information than the ordinary bar code
    • Automatic broadcast of their identification number when scanned upon a frequency.
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 6. Performance Issues with RFID
    • Performance
      • Are warehouse’s RF-Friendly? “RF-Unfriendly” materials like nylon and synthetic materials
    • Degradation occurs through bending of the tag.
    • Park and Lee(2007)
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 7. Technology Issues with RFID
    • Limitations on actual read tags
    • The signal is easily distorted by metal compounds or static producing products such as nylon.
    • More Data, More Problems
    • No fixed standard
    • High cost in manufacturing. It is more labour intensive to manufacture RFID tags than barcodes
    • Cancer concern
    • Problems with nested tags
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 8. Use or Misuse
    • Bar codes are used everywhere. Imagine if RFID is used everywhere
    • Track my movement
    • Can Shopping habits be stored?
      • Price Discrimination
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 9. Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 10. The Privacy
    • Metro the “Future Store” was forced to install a de-activator
    • RFID in University
    • RFID in bank notes
    • RFID in Employee cards
    • RFID in Humans
      • The Baja Nightclub
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 11. Big Brother is watching
    • The Government and RFID
      • USA, UK, Germany are some of the countries that have implemented RFID
      • British RFID Passports were hacked within 6 months of use (Boggan 2006)
    • Privacy-Rights Advocacy Groups
      • CASPIAN
      • ACLU (American civil liberties union)
      • PRC (Privacy rights clearinghouse)
      • Foebud sells RFID blocking equipment
    • Verichip
      • Human Implants
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 12. RFID Implementation Failures
    • Unisys implemented RFID but only 30% of their tags were read by scanners.
    • Virgin Atlantic’s RFID implementation did not deliver any business benefits (O’Brien 2006)
    • Wal-Mart’s early roll outs has not met demands due to lack of supplier ROI
    • Ford and Exon Mobil wanted less expensive and weak secuirty.
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 13. Other Alternatives
    • Bluetooth
    • UPS has implemented Bluetooth and WiFi together to achieve significant business benefits
    • Printed Electronics
    • Low cost printed electronics could transform RFID industry
    • What is wrong with using Bar codes for item identification?
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 14. Conclusions
    • Why replace bar codes?
    • RFID is still considered a “nascent” technology.
    • RFID delivers desired results in pallet identification
    • When adopting new technology companies need to consider social issues
    • In its current state, RFID cannot replace the bar code
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 15. References
    • Boggan Steve 2006 “Cracked It” Special Report-Identify cards, The Guardian, November 17 th , Friday.
    • Bovenschulte, M., Gabriel, P., Gabner, K., Seidel, U., 2007, "RFID :Prospectives for Germany", www.bmwi.de
    • Cadoo Scott 2005 “RFID use within libraries: An Australian perspective,”
    • Das R, ‘Printed electronics whitepaper’, IDTechEX whitepaper, 2004.
    • Foebud 2007 “Where do I find RFID?” Foebud. E.V. viewed on 20 th September http://www.foebud.org/rfid/en/where-find#ausweis
    • Galanxhi-Janaqi, H. and Fui-Hoon Nah, F. (2004), “U-commerce: emerging trends and research issues”, Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 104 No. 9, pp. 744-55.
    • Hunt, D., Puglia, A., Puglia, M., 2007, "RFID: A guide to Radio Frequency Identification,” Issues Surrounding the deployment of RFID, pg 97-109.
    • Jacques R, 2006, Printed electronics could transform RFID industry, viewed 21 September 2007, http://vnunet.com
    • Mashberg T, 2005, ‘Brown goes bluetooth’, Technology review, vol 108, no.6, pg 42, ABI/INFORM global.
    • McGinity M. 2004 “RFID: is this game of tag fair play?”
    • Moore, B., 2007,"RFID: Successful Failure" http://www.aimglobal.org/members/news/templates/template.aspx?articleid=2239&zoneid=24,, site visited 29-09-07.
    • Muir S, 2006, ‘RFID security concerns’, Emerald Management Xtra, vol 25, no. 1, pp96-107.
    • O'brien, P., 2006," RFID in action", http://www.cbronline.com, Site visited 30-09-07.
    • Reynolds, G., Lynch, K.,2004, "RFID: A Practical Approach", Seven Critical Success factors in RFID deployments.
    • RFID Forum 2003 “Logistics and Transport Focus (5:1)” RFID Forum, July-August, p. 49.
    • Siden J, 2001, ‘Performance degradation of RFID system due to the distortion in RFID tag antenna’, International conference of microwave and telecommunications technology 2001, catalog no. 01EX487, Ukraine.
    • Saygin Can, Sarangpani Jagannathan and Grasman Scott 2007 “A Systems Approach to Viable RFID Implementation in the Supply Chain” Trends in Supply Chain Design and Management, Springer London
    • Thomas Daniel 2004 “UPS mail system packs in GPS and Bluetooth” Computer Weekly; May 4, 2004; ProQuest Computing pg. 23
    • Want Roy 2006 “Introduction to RFID Technology” Pervasive Computing.
    • Ward M, 2006, RFID: Frequency, standards, adoption and innovation, viewed 20 September2007, http://www.rfidaa.org/upload/documents/PDF/RFID%20explained.pdf
    • Weiss, A. (2003), “Me and my shadow: RFID tags polarize the debate over privacy vs. efficiency”, netWorker, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 24-30.
    • Yasin Mohat, Khaw M. K., Reaz MBI 2006 “Radio Frequency Identification: Evolution of Transponder Circuit Design” Microwave Journal
    Will RFID Replace Bar codes?
  • 16. Questions/Suggestions Will RFID Replace Bar codes?