The danger of cancer
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The danger of cancer

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The danger of cancer The danger of cancer Presentation Transcript

  • THE DANGER OFCANCERCancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormalcells in the body. –National Library of Medicine
  • Start and Spreadof Cancerwww.patient.co.ukCancer begins when a normal cell mutates, or changes, and is not able to repair itself, andthen multiplies and forms a tumor. (http://www.patientnavigatortraining.org)Cancer cells spread by invading healthy cells and destroying them in order to create moreabnormal cells, thereby allowing the cancer to spread.(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0005064/)
  • SKINCANCER3 Most Dangerous Types of Cancer-Basal cell carcinoma: Is the most common form of skin cancer.Squamous cell carcinoma: Is the cancer of a kind of epithelial cell, which isthe main part of the epidermis.Malignant melanoma: Is a malignant tumor of melanocytes.healthcough.blogspot.comhttp://www.skincancer.org/ View slide
  • RISK FACTORS OFSKIN CANCERwww.beltina.org- A risk factor is anything that affects apersons chance of getting a diseasesuch as cancer.- Overexposure to UV light- i.e. Sunlight, andtanning beds.- Fair skin- cancer develops in fair skin moreoften than darker skinned people.- Older age- Skin cancer risks go up in olderpeople.- Men- Men are two times more likely to getskin cancer than women.- Exposure to large amounts of - arsenic, andradiation.- Family history/ genetics- long familymedical history of skin cancer.http://www.skincancerprevention.org/skin-cancer/risk-factors View slide
  • Basal Cell CarcinomaWarning Signs1. Open sore: a persistentbleeding, oozing sore thatopens and healsrepeatedly is the firstwarning sign.2. An irritated red patch thatmay crust or itch is thesecond warning sign.3. A translucent bump ornodule, it can often bydark as well and confusedwith a mole, this is thethird warning sign.Prevention:1. Use a sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher.2. Apply Sunscreen 30 minutes prior to goingoutside.3. Examine your body every month.(http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/basal-cell-carcinoma/bcc-prevention-guidelines)
  • Squamous Cell Carcinomawww.dermatology.ucsf.eduWarning Signs:1. A scaly red patch of skinis the first warning sign.2. An elevated growthwith a centraldepression thatoccasionally bleeds isthe second warningsign.3. A wart-like growth thatcrusts and occasionallybleeds is the thirdwarning sign.Prevention:1. Avoid any sunburn at all costs.2. Cover your skin with clothes when in the sun.3. See a physician every year to do a wholebody physical to make sure you do not haveany abnormalities on your skin.(http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/squamous-cell-carcinoma/scc-recurrence-and-prevention)
  • Malignant Melanomathemelanomaskincancer.comWarning Signs:1. Asymmetry- if you draw a linethrough a mole and the sides don’tmatch that is the first warning sign.2. Border- if the border of the mole areuneven or notched that is thesecond warning sign.3. Color- if you have a number ofdifferent shades and colors in amole that is the third warning sign.4. Diameter- if the mole is larger than1/4 inch or 6 mm in diameter that isthe fourth warning sign.Prevention:1. Apply 1 ounce of sunscreen to your bodybefore going out side and reapply every 2hours.2. Use water resistant, SPF above 15everyday.3. Avoid tanning beds and UV tanning beds.(http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/melanoma/melanoma-prevention-guidelines)
  • Call to Action: What you cando.1. Apply a sunscreen, SPF 15 or higher, to every inch of yourbody, 30 minutes before you go outside and reapply it everytwo hours. This will help prevent sunburn which can lead toskin cancer.2. Cover up with clothing, including a broad-brimmed hat andUV-blocking sunglasses.* Don’t forget to check your body every month and to have your yearly visit with yourdoctor about any unusual spots like moles on your skin.(http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/melanoma/melanoma-prevention-guidelines)