General info on Low Carbon Cities Framework (LCCF) Malaysia


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The LCCF was developed by Ministry of Energy, Green Technology & Water Malaysia together with GreenTech Malaysia in collaboration with the Malaysian Institute of Planners in 2010 - 2011. LCCF was developed under the Green Township Project. It was endorsed as government tool to facilitate the development of Low Carbon Cities in Malaysia, which based on actual performance of carbon reduction.

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General info on Low Carbon Cities Framework (LCCF) Malaysia

  1. 1. STEVE ANTHONY LOJUNTIN GREEN TOWNSHIP PROGRAMME MALAYSIAN GREEN TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION @ GREENTECH MALAYSIA Tel: 019-2829102 Email: / asetip@damansara.netDeveloped by: Supported by: Malaysian Green Malaysian Institute of Technology Corp. Planners
  3. 3. Townships and Urban Development Cities/Urban Areas Emit GHG Sources of Green House Gas Industrial Agriculture Forestation Other Urban Development 19% 14% 17% 50% Commercial & Residential – 8% Transport – 13% Waste – 3% Electricity production“CO2 is the most important anthropogenic of GHG and the main sources ofatmospheric CO2 is from burning of fossil fuels – 75% of increase in atmospheric CO2since industrial times (Source: Cities and Climate Change – Global Report on Human Settlements 2011, UN-Habitat). 3
  4. 4. Malaysia & Urbanisation- A Case for Change More People Living in Urban Areas/Cities Population Malaysia 18 million (1990) to 27.6 million (2010) - increase by 53% (S ource: Census Dat a, 2010) Urbanization Rate • 27% in 1960, 42% in 1990, 54% in 1994, 61.8% (2000) for Malaysia, 65.4% (2000) for West Malaysia • Expected to grow to 75% by 2020 (Source: RFN 2001) Energy • Energy Consumption – 61,279 metric tons (2005) (40% transportation & 40% industrial) • Energy Produced – 99,917 metric tons (2005) • 2006 – CO2 emission – 187 million tons 7.2 metric tons/person • 2004 – 5.9 metric tons/World 4.4 metric tons/person 4
  5. 5. Townships and Urban Development 5
  6. 6. Townships and Urban Development Energy Generation, Water Treatment & Supply, Transportations, Infrastructure, Industries
  7. 7. Townships and Urban Development Land clearing, De-forestation, Building Industry, Waste generation, Non environmentally products
  8. 8. Low Carbon Cities Framework & Assessment System- Use of Document This document is to assist local authorities, township developers, designers and individuals in assessing whether developments carried out within the city contributes towards the reduction or decrease in GHG. Was Launched in Sept 2011 8
  9. 9. Low Carbon Cities Framework & AssessmentSystem- Purpose of the Guiding Document “It is my dream that one day we can live in a clean, healthy and high quality environment, where cities, townships and communities are built on the fundamentals of Green Technology” YAB Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Razak township / cities towards 10 % To promote reduction of GHG in a supporting government effort to reduce CO2 intensity / GDP by year 2020 9
  10. 10. Sustainable Framework for Low Carbon Cities SUSTAINABLE TOWNSHIP SUSTAINABLE FRAMEWORK Community Well Services Economy Being Transport & Natural & Built Equality & Governance Mobility Environment Diversity LCCF CARBON ASSESSMENT MurniNet / LIVABILITY INDEX MISSION (CO2 REDUCTION) GREEN NEIGHBOURHOOD KEY ELEMENTS GUIDELINES (GNG) Urban Urban Urban Buildings Transportation Environment Infrastructure PERFORMANCE BASED STANDARD
  11. 11. Low Carbon Cities Framework & Assessment System– Key Features Four (4) Main Components in the framework of GHG analysisIdentify Elements to Current Status of GHG Targets RoadmapsMeasure emission • Set targets for • Set a Roadmap•Understand which •Baseline information reduction of GHGelements contribute on current GHG emissionmost to the city’s GHG emission level. • Targets should beemission •BAU Levels – achievable and•Prioritize/choose which projected emission measurableelements to measure •If non available of(all?/specific elements?) baseline data – Gaps benchmarks against • Identify the gapsTerritory Boundaries other baselines can be between currentor Area of Concern: used as a guide. emission status•Administrative and targets.boundaries of the Source of generation • Identify measurescity/any area of city. •Identify the key•Single source solutions source of generation. 11
  12. 12. Contents of Report PART ONE – LCC Framework PART TWO – Assessment System The Low Carbon Cities Assessment 1 Introduction 5 System (LCCAS) Calculator – Concepts 1. Background of Low Carbon Cities Framework And Principles 2. A Case For Change 1. About the LCCAS Calculator 3. Malaysian Development & Sustainability 2. Who will use it? 3. The Relevance of the Assessment System and Calculator Sustainable Framework For Low Carbon 4. The Concepts and Principles 2 5. Carbon Neutrality Cities 1. Sustainable Framework for Green City 2. Definition of Sustainable City 3. Definition of Green City 6 Relevant Carbon Factors 4. Definition of a Low Carbon City 5. Green City– Street Wise 1. Urban Environment 2. Urban Transportation 3. Urban Infrastructure 3 Low Carbon Cities Framework 4. Building 1. Sustainable Framework for Low Carbon Cities 2. Key Features of a Green Township Framework 7 User Guide 3. Criteria to Start the Low Carbon Cities Project 4. Steps to start Low Carbon Cities Framework at 1. Using the LCCAS Calculator Local Authority Level 2. Summary Sheet Performance Criteria For Low Carbon 4 Cities 1. Introduction of Parameters for GHG Reductions 2. Relationship To Carbon Parameters 3. Elements of Lifecycle Assessment 12
  13. 13. Performance Criteria for GHG Reductions for Cities • Urban Environment • Urban Environment (5) • Urban Environment (20) • Urban Transportation • Urban Transportation (4) • Urban Transportation (8) • Urban Infrastructure • Urban Infrastructure (4) • Urban Infrastructure (7) • Building • Building (2) • Building (7) Performance Criteria are measurable strategies to reduce carbon emission through:- - Policy control, Technological development, better process & product management, change in procurement system, carbon capture, consumption strategies & others. Save Green Save Future 13
  14. 14. Performance Criteria for Urban EnvironmentUE 1 : Urban Footprint 1-1: Prioritize Development within defined urban footprint 1-2: Encourage sustainable development intensities ELEMENT 1:UE 2 : Site Selection URBAN 2-1: Select infill sites for development ENVIRONMENT 2-2: Prioritize development projects within transit nodes and corridor 2-3: Select Brownfield and Grey field sites for redevelopment 2-4: Avoidance of flood prone area UE 1 : URBAN FOOT 2-5: Avoid hilly terrain area PRINT 2-6: Exceed existing by-laws for storm water mitigation 2-7: Reduction of earth work cut and fill quantities UE 2 : SITE SELECTIONUE 3 : Urban Form 3-1: Undertake mixed-use development 3-2: Reduce road and parking surfaces 3-3: Establish comprehensive pedestrian network 5 UE 3 : URBAN FORM 3-4: Establish comprehensive cycling network PERFORMANCE 3-5: Minimize site disturbance during construction CRITERIA UE 4 : URBAN GREENERY 3-6: Reducing Urban Heat Island (UHI) effects through urban form innovation & ENV QUALITYUE 4 : Urban Greenery And Environmental Quality 4-1: Preserve natural ecology, water body and bio-diversity UE 5 : URBAN GREEN 4-2: Increase the area of green open space ECONOMY 20 SUB 4-3: Increase number of trees 4-4: Enhance air quality CRITERIAUE 5 : Urban Green Economy 5-1: Initiate Local Food Production 14
  15. 15. Performance Criteria for Urban TransportationUT 1 : Shift of Transport Mode 1-1: Reduce Single Occupancy Vehicle (SOV) travelingUT 2 : Green Transport Infrastructure ELEMENT 2: 2-1: Increase utilization of public transportation URBAN 2-2: Encourage walking and cycling TRANSPORTATIONUT 3 : Clean Vehicles UT 1 : SHIFT OF 3-1: Using low carbon impact fuel for public transportation TRANSPORT MODE 3-2: Using low carbon impact fuel for private transportation UT 2 : GREEN 3-3: Encourage the usage of hybrid vehicles 4 TRANSPORTUT 4 : Traffic Management PERFORMANCE INFRASTRUCTURE 4-1: Manage Excess Speeds of Motor Vehicles CRITERIA 4-2: Reduce Traffic Congestion and Improve Traffic Flows UT 3 : CLEAN VEHICLES UT 4 : TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 8 SUB CRITERIA 15
  16. 16. Performance Criteria for Urban InfrastructureUI 1 : Infrastructure Provision 1-1: Reduction in land area for infrastructure and ELEMENT 3: utility services 1-2: Implement site wide district cooling system URBAN INFRASTRUCTUREUI 2 : Waste 2-1: Reduction of construction and industrial waste UI 1 : INFRASTRUCTURE to landfill PROVISION 3-1: Reduction of household solid waste to landfillUI 3 : Energy UI 2 : WASTE 3-1: Optimization of energy consumption 4 3-2: Utilize Alternative Energy sources PERFORMANCE CRITERIA UI 3 : ENERGYUI 4 : Water Management 4-1: Efficient Water Management UI 4 : WATER MANAGEMENT 7 SUB CRITERIA 16
  17. 17. Performance Criteria for BuildingsB1 : Low Carbon Buildings 1-1: Increase the number of buildings with low carbon footprint 1-2: Compliance to the building energy operational ELEMENT 4: emissions benchmark set by the Common BUILDING Carbon Metrics (CCM) 1-3: Compliance to the building water carbon B 1 : LOW CARBON footprint set by the Common Carbon Metrics BUILDINGS (CCM) 2 1-4: Enhance building performance through PERFORMANCE B 2 : COMMUNITY CRITERIA SERVICES retrofitting 1-5: Optimize building orientation for passive and active solar and wind strategies 1-6: Implement chill water system from district cooling plant for all buildings 7 SUB CRITERIAB2 : Community Services 2-1: Shared facilities and utilities within building 17
  18. 18. Assessment Approach to Encourage Implementation User can opt to undertake a One- System Approach or a City-based Approach depending on their objective and capacity.
  19. 19. Criteria To Start Low Carbon Cities Project– Road Map/ Action Plan 19
  20. 20. Low Carbon Cities Framework & Assessment System- Flow and Relationship PART 1 – LCC FRAMEWORK PART 2 – LCC CALCULATOR Assessment Using Carbon Calculator 15 Performance Performance Based Assessment in the Criteria and 42 Sub form of Total Carbon Reduction Criteria 4 Elements •Urban Environment •Urban Transportation •Urban Infrastructure CARBON REDUCTION •Building
  21. 21. Reduced Carbon Sample Calculator Footprint ie Projected Reduction in CO2 (A-B=C) % reduction CO2/total CO2 (C/A x 100 = D) emission (B) Summary table UT 1-1. Appear on Baseline every calculator sheet. Linked to emission (A) the summary of overall calculator Data to be filled in. Parameters: 1.No of households 2.No of shop lots 3.No of offices 4.No of industries Baseline Reduced emission Carbon FootprintLegend ie Input data in yellow cells Projected Development details and Calculations emission Benchmarks details and calculations
  22. 22. SUMMARY SHEET- Achievement Level Based On Application Of Weightage System ABSOLUTE CO2 REDUCTION BP 2
  23. 23. LCCF is a Performance Based Assessment LCC ACHIEVEMENT LEVEL Carbon Reduction Achievement Level• The environmental achievements Level in a development are defined by Best Practice 5 (BP5) the sum of the CO2 reduction 70-99% over the baseline CO2 emissions. Best Practice 4 (BP4)• Projects/developments shall be 50-69% awarded with the corresponding environmental performance Best Practice 3 (BP3) achievements according to the 30-49% achievement level. Best Practice 2 (BP2) 10-29% Best Practice 1 (BP1) 1%-9%
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