0
UC Davis – DECAL reading club

Gender, Representation
and Online Participation
A Quantitative Study
Bogdan Vasilescu,
Andr...
/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 1
/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 2
/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 3
/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 4
1) What
is your
gender?
2) What
do you do
on a Q&A
site?
/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 5
What is your gender?

/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 6
What is your gender?

/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 7
What is your gender?

/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 8
What is your gender?

Name +
Location =
Gender
/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 9
w35l3y ⇒ wesley
Lonzo ⇒ Alonzo

Name +
Location =
Gender
/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 10
Heuristics:
title + first h1
<title>Ben Kamens</title>
…
<h1>We’re willing
to be embarrassed about
what we
<em>haven’t</em...
Quality of gender resolution: Survey
SelfAs inferred Total
identification M F ?

M
F

60
2

3 43
5 4

106
11

+ avatars,
o...
2296

291

1557

3043

282

286

2879

328

135

sample

/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 13
2296

291

1557

3043

282

286

2879

328

135

sample

/ SET / W&I

7-10% women as opposed to
1-5% for Open Source and
u...
2296

291

1557

3043

282

286

2879

328

135

sample

/ SET / W&I

7-10% on different mailing lists
more on “use techno...
2296

291

1557

3043

282

286

2879

328

135

sample

It is easy to remain anonymous on SO and
participants use this op...
sample

No significant
differences in
#questions, #answers,
length of engagement

/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 17

Affects...
sample

Engage
Ask more
for longer
questions
No diff in #answers

Women can
contribute to SO
but choose not to!
/ SET / W&...
Why?
• [Gneezy, Niederle, Rustichini 2003]: women are less
effective in mixed-gender competitive environments
• [Niederle,...
Threats to validity
• Gender inference:
• Automated: Imprecise tooling
• Manual: Errare humanum est

• Gender swapping
• I...
Future work…
• Roles: coders, translators, UI designers
• Similar to diff mailing lists in Drupal/WordPress
• Activity (co...
Name +
Location =
Gender

/ SET / W&I

25-10-2013 PAGE 22
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Gender in on-line communities: StackOverflow, WordPress, Drupal

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Online communities are flourishing as social meeting web-spaces for users and peer community members. Different online communities require different levels of competence for participants to join, and scattered evidence suggests that the female gender and minorities can be overly under-represented. Additional anecdotal evidence suggests that women withdraw from unfriendly online communities.

Due to the limited amount of empirical evidence on the matter, this paper provides a quantitative study of the phenomenon, in order to assess the representation and social impact of gender in online communities. This study
positions itself within recent and focused international initiatives, launched by the European Commission in order to encourage women in the field of sciences and technology.

Focusing on technical support networks around web design tools (e.g., Drupal and WordPress) and on questions & answers sites (e.g., StackOverflow), this paper unearths a spectrum of online communities, in which women participate to various degrees.

Published in: Technology
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Transcript of "Gender in on-line communities: StackOverflow, WordPress, Drupal"

  1. 1. UC Davis – DECAL reading club Gender, Representation and Online Participation A Quantitative Study Bogdan Vasilescu, Andrea Capiluppi, Alexander Serebrenik
  2. 2. / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 1
  3. 3. / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 2
  4. 4. / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 3
  5. 5. / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 4
  6. 6. 1) What is your gender? 2) What do you do on a Q&A site? / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 5
  7. 7. What is your gender? / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 6
  8. 8. What is your gender? / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 7
  9. 9. What is your gender? / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 8
  10. 10. What is your gender? Name + Location = Gender / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 9
  11. 11. w35l3y ⇒ wesley Lonzo ⇒ Alonzo Name + Location = Gender / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 10
  12. 12. Heuristics: title + first h1 <title>Ben Kamens</title> … <h1>We’re willing to be embarrassed about what we <em>haven’t</em> done…</h1> / SET / W&I Ben Kamens We’re willing to be embarrassed about what we haven’t done… Stanford Named Entity Tagger <PERSON>Ben Kamens</PERSON> We’re willing to be embarrassed about what we haven’t done… 25-10-2013 PAGE 11
  13. 13. Quality of gender resolution: Survey SelfAs inferred Total identification M F ? M F 60 2 3 43 5 4 106 11 + avatars, other social media sites (manually) SelfAs inferred Total identification M F ? M 90 3 13 106 F 2 9 0 11 / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 12
  14. 14. 2296 291 1557 3043 282 286 2879 328 135 sample / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 13
  15. 15. 2296 291 1557 3043 282 286 2879 328 135 sample / SET / W&I 7-10% women as opposed to 1-5% for Open Source and up to 28% for proprietary 25-10-2013 PAGE 14
  16. 16. 2296 291 1557 3043 282 286 2879 328 135 sample / SET / W&I 7-10% on different mailing lists more on “use technology” less on “design technology” 25-10-2013 PAGE 15
  17. 17. 2296 291 1557 3043 282 286 2879 328 135 sample It is easy to remain anonymous on SO and participants use this opportunity (37.5%) / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 16
  18. 18. sample No significant differences in #questions, #answers, length of engagement / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 17 Affects eng’t for “design tech.” lists
  19. 19. sample Engage Ask more for longer questions No diff in #answers Women can contribute to SO but choose not to! / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 18
  20. 20. Why? • [Gneezy, Niederle, Rustichini 2003]: women are less effective in mixed-gender competitive environments • [Niederle, Vesterlund 2007]: women shy away from competition and men embrace it ⇒ To retain women we need different gamification techniques / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 19
  21. 21. Threats to validity • Gender inference: • Automated: Imprecise tooling • Manual: Errare humanum est • Gender swapping • Images of other people as avatars • Celebrities, children, porn stars… / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 20
  22. 22. Future work… • Roles: coders, translators, UI designers • Similar to diff mailing lists in Drupal/WordPress • Activity (commits) rather than discussion • Output: code, bugs, … • Confounding variables • Culture/country: Malaysia – 50% of CS students • Sexual orientation: IT might be attractive to lesbians for the same reasons it repels heterosexual women [Landström 2007] / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 21
  23. 23. Name + Location = Gender / SET / W&I 25-10-2013 PAGE 22
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