Game theory and international relations slideshare

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Game theory and international relations slideshare

  1. 1. Collective security, game theory andinternational relations Providence Day School 25 February 2013 Adam Seldis www.mrseldis.com
  2. 2. Is collective securityacting in a country’s best interests?
  3. 3. Card game Player 2 Red Black 1 0 Red 1 3Player 1 3 2 Black 0 2
  4. 4. Player A Player B TotalPair 1Pair 2Pair 3Pair 4Pair 5Pair 6Pair 7Pair 8Pair 9Pair 10
  5. 5. Prisoners’ Dilemma Prisoner B Deny Confess 1 yr 0 yrs Deny 1 yr 3 yrsPrisoner A 3 yrs 2 yrs Confess 0 yrs 2 yrs
  6. 6. How does game theory apply to international relations?
  7. 7. Afghan War Washington Escalate Negotiate Pull out EscalateTaliban Negotiate
  8. 8. Afghan War Washington Escalate Negotiate Pull out Military Military win for Military win for Escalate stalemate = Taliban Taliban more killingsTaliban Military win for Stalemate = no Political win for Negotiate Washington more killings Taliban
  9. 9. Afghan War Washington Escalate Negotiate Pull out -2 -3 -5 Escalate -1 1 3Taliban 1 0 -3 Negotiate -3 0 3
  10. 10. War or peace? Country 2 War Peace 1 0 War 1 3Country 1 3 2 Peace 0 2
  11. 11. Collective security
  12. 12. ‘League of Nations’.Cartoon taken from Punch magazine. 28 July 1920
  13. 13. To what extent was WW1 caused by collective security?
  14. 14. Is collective securityacting in a country’s best interests?
  15. 15. Other examples?• Cold War - USA vs USSR• Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands - Japan vs China• Falklands/Malvinas Islands - UK vs Argentina• Nuclear weapons - Iran vs Israel• http://tinyurl.com/splitorsteal

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