Putting the GCARD Roadmap into Practice: Enabling Capcity Development Into Practice in the Asia-Pacific Region

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  • 1. Putting the GCARD Roadmap into Practice Enabling Capacity Development into Practice in the Asia-Pacific Region Dr S. Attaluri APARIS Coordinator APAARIGCARD2 Conference, Room Rio De Janeiro C, Conrad Resort and Casino, Punta delEste, Uruguay, 28 October, 2012
  • 2. OUTLINE•Capacity Development for Agricultural Biotechnology throughAPCoAB: •APCoAB Training programs on new tools and techniques in developing NARS. •Advocacy and awareness building through technical publications, success stories and status reports.•Capacity Development for Sharing Agricultural Information andKnowledge in the Region through APARIS: •Strengthening APARIS and Implementation of APAARI Communication Strategy •Capacity Development for Coherence in Information in AR4D •Advocacy and Policy Support to ICT/ICM in AR4D through Status Report, Success Stories and Development of Databases
  • 3. Capacity Development for Agri- Biotechnology– Organization of training programs to enhance capacities of in new tools and techniques on germplasm conservation, pesticide residue detection, livestock reproductive technologies and mushroom production etc., by APCoAB– Promoting new linkages with scientists working in biotechnologies in Malaysia, Iran, Philippines, Oman, Chinese Taipei, India, Thailand and Vietnam– Advocacy and awareness building through technical publications, status reports and success
  • 4. Capacity Development for Agri- Biotechnology • Activity –Training Workshop on Assisted Reproductive Technologies for Livestock Genetic Improvement, with LRI and ILRI in October 2010, Chinese Taipei.• Outputs– 10 scientists attended– Training imparted on application of artificial insemination in mammals, poultry, ducks and geese; embryo transfer and in vitro fertilization; nuclear transfer and somatic cell cloning; genomic breeding; and animal genetic resources for biomedical research– Demonstrations held on AI, including equipment and procedures.
  • 5. Capacity Development for Agri- Biotechnology • Activity –International Training Course on In Vitro and Cryopreservation Techniques for Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources with NBPGR, Bioversity International, New Delhi, November 2010 and• November 2011. Outputs– 35 senior scientists from developing countries trained in two training programs– Modern techniques of germplasm conservation were imparted– Hands-on training, kits and laboratory manuals provided to the participants.
  • 6. Capacity Development for Agri- Biotechnology • Activity –Training course on Edible Mushroom Production for Asian Farmers and Entrepreneurs with TARI, FFTC and SEARCA, Chinese Taipei n November, 2010• Outputs– 15 researchers, officials and extension workers equipped with improved technologies for mushroom production, value-added products and market prospects– Practical demonstrations on tissue isolation, sub-culture and preservation of cultures– Exposed to on-farm mushroom farms and interaction with large and small scale growers.
  • 7. Capacity Development for Agri- Biotechnology• Activity–Workshop on Rapid Bioassay forPesticide Residues on Fruits andVegetables for Market Inspection andFarm Education with Taiwan AgriculturalResearch Institute, Taichung, June 2011.• Outputs– 20 scientific and technical staff from developing NARS trained– Modern techniques of pesticide residue detection were imparted– Hands-on training, kits and laboratory manuals provided to the participants.
  • 8. Capacity Development for Agri- Biotechnology• Outcomes – A number of participants reported successful application of the new knowledge and skills in their laboratories while some could even established new laboratories. These indicate more lasting benefits of such capacity building programs.• Lessons learnt – Asia-Pacific countries can benefit from regional cooperation in capacity building in number of common priority areas of agricultural research and development. – Capacity building programs can make meaningful difference if an enabling environment for applying the new knowledge and skills is ensured.
  • 9. Advocacy and Awareness Building forAgri-Biotechnologies through Publications Micropropogation of Date Palm Micropropagation in Sugarcane in Asia-Pacific Region Micropropagation for Production of Quality Banana Planting Material in Asia- Pacific Strengthening of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agricultural Conservation in the Pacific Biofuel Growers Market Network : A Success Story Bt Cotton in India. Micropropagation for Quality Seed Production in Sugarcane in Asia and Pacific Commercialization of Bt Cotton in the Philippines.
  • 10. Capacity Development for Sharing Agricultural Information and Knowledge– Development and implementation of APAARI Communication Strategy to strengthen Asia-Pacific Agricultural Research Information System (APARIS) and support Coherence in Agricultural Information Management in the region– Promoting participation, collaboration and contribution of ARD stakeholders to increase access to agricultural information and knowledge in the region.
  • 11. Strengthening APARIS - Implementation of Communication Strategy• Outputs – APAARI Communication Strategy 2010-2015  Mapping Stakeholders, Information Needs, Information Channels, and Communication Plan• Outcomes – All ARD Stakeholders reached – APAARI web space improved into a platform for ARD dialogue / consultation – Appropriate use of communication and channels and ICM applications
  • 12. Strengthening APARIS - Implementation of Communication Strategy• Impact – Greater sharing of information and knowledge – Partnerships among National Information Nodal Points (NINPs), Information Resources and Experts established. – Linkages established among ARD Information and Knowledge Networks in the region.• Lessons – Capacities needed to develop and implement Communication Strategies at the National level.
  • 13. Capacity Development for Coherence in Information in AR4D– Strengthening APARIS and develop capacities of National Information Nodes for sharing information and knowledge at the regional and global levels.– Facilitation of the Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development (CIARD) initiative in the region with the support of GFAR and FAO.
  • 14. Capacity Development for Coherence in Information in AR4D• Activity– “Workshop on CIARD and Strengthening RAIS in the SAARC Countries” in May 2011 in Bangladesh for South Asia sub- region. • Outputs – 38 ICM Managers trained on the concepts of CIARD, CIARD RING and APARIS – Proceedings of the workshop published.
  • 15. Capacity Development for Coherence in Information in AR4D• Outcomes – National Agricultural Information Systems joined CIARD RING – Advocacy for CIARD within the organizations.• Impact – Use of Agropedia (India), Institutional repositories (IRRI, ICRISAT) and open journals (ICAR) increased. – Creation of national information grid linked to CIARD RING expected.• Lessons – Need for advocacy to policy makers, research managers and ICM specialists on "openness” in sharing agricultural information – Need for training programs on use of social media and web 2.0 tools by the national systems.
  • 16. Capacity Development for Coherence in Information in AR4D• Activity– “Workshop on Information and Communications Management for Agricultural Innovation in Southeast Asia” in Sept., 2011 in Thailand for Southeast Asia. • Outputs – 35 ICM Managers, Agricultural Communication Specialists and Scientists trained on the concepts of CIARD, CIARD RING and APARIS – 9 Country papers presented besides papers from CACAARI, IRRI, CIFOR and WorldFish – Proceedings of the workshop published.
  • 17. Capacity Development for Coherence in Information in AR4D• Outcomes – National Agricultural Information Systems joined CIARD RING – Efforts made to improve access to agricultural information by famers and scientists through CIARD Framework (Thai CIARD); and knowledge repositories (Rice Knowledge Bank of IRRI).• Lessons – Need for use of mobile technologies; advocacy and leadership development; and availability of content in local language are key for the success of ICM in agriculture.
  • 18. Capacity Development for Coherence in Information in AR4D• Activity– Workshop on “Moving Beyond Strategy to Improve Information and Knowledge Management for Agricultural Development in the Pacific Islands Countries and Territories” in November, 2011 in Fiji Islands for the Pacific.• Outputs– 35 ICM Managers, Agricultural Communication Specialists and Scientists trained on the concepts of CIARD, CIARD RING and APARIS– 9 country papers presented– Proceedings of the workshop published.
  • 19. Capacity Development for Coherence in Information in AR4D• Outcomes – National Agricultural Information Systems recognized use and application of CIARD and CIARD RING.• Lessons – Need to involve NGOs and existing networks- local councils, women groups, church groups, youth groups, teachers etc. – Need to promote community e-centers, mixed media at the community level; use of web 2.0 / social media – Need to create local contents in local language – Need for capacity building at different levels in organizations through sensitization, awareness, training / workshops and success stories.
  • 20. Capacity Development for ‘Openness’ in Agricultural Information and Knowledge Sharing• Activity– One-day Session on “Openness in Agricultural Information and Knowledge Sharing” in November, 2011 in New Delhi, India in the International Conference on Innovative Approaches for Agricultural Knowledge Management: Global Extension Experiences.• Outputs– More than 400 participants sensitized on need for ‘openness’ in agricultural information and knowledge sharing– 12 papers presented– Proceedings of the session published.
  • 21. Capacity Development for ‘Openness’ in Agricultural Information and Knowledge Sharing• Outcomes– Efforts for ‘openness’ in sharing agricultural research information and knowledge at the national level initiated – Open Access India, institutional repositories, journal articles etc.• Lessons– To usher ‘openness’ in agricultural information and knowledge sharing, we need to consider i) technological issues, ii) institutional issues, and iii) community issues.– Increasing investment in ICT/ICM in agriculture– Policy support and collaboration / convergence in ICM for agricultural innovation.
  • 22. Advocacy and Policy Support to ICT/ICM in AR4D– Production of status reports and success stories/cases in ICT/ICM for sharing and advocacy for replication of success stories in AR4D institutes and organization in the region.– Development of ARD databases.
  • 23. Advocacy and Policy Support to ICT/ICM in AR4D• Outputs– Status Report on ICT/ICM in AR4D in the Asia-Pacific Region Assessment of ICT/ICM in 19 NARS:  ICT infrastructure and Capacity  Information Systems  Policy and Strategies  Contents  ICT Applications  Information and Communication Services  Information and Communication Channels
  • 24. Advocacy and Policy Support to ICT/ICM in AR4D Table 4. Policy and strategy support to ICM in NARSIncreased political commitment to transform AR4D S.no NARS ICM policy at ICT/ICM Metadata ICT/ICM Separate Centralised Appointment Adoption of Implementa Implemetation oragnisational strategy in standards rules provision for ICM Unit of ICTM global tion of Info. of IPRs level the investment in experts standards for System organisation ICT/ICM managing security ARD info. 1 Bangladesh ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ x ○systems with appropriate policies and strategies 2 Bhutan ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ○ ○ ↑ ○ ↑ ○ 3 Cambodia ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ 4 Chinese Taipei √ √ √ √ √ √ √ ○ √ √ 5 Fiji ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ↑ ↑ 6 India √ √ ↑ √ √ √ √ √ √ ↑ 7 Indonesia ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ √ ↑ √ ↑ 8 Japan √ √ √ √ √ √ √ ↑ √ √ 9 Loa PDR ○ ↑ ○ ↑ ○ ↑ ○ ○ ○ ○Increased, improved and targeted investment in 10 Malaysia √ √ √ √ √ √ √ ↑ ↑ ↑ 11 Myanmar ○ x x x x x ○ x ○ x 12 Nepal ○ ○ x x x ↑ ○ x x x 13 Pakistan ↑ √ ↑ √ ↑ √ √ √ ↑ ↑ 14 Papua New ↑ ↑ ○ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ○ICM for agricultural development at the national level 15 16 17 Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka √ x ↑ √ x ↑ √ ○ ○ √ x ↑ √ x ○ √ x ↑ ↑ √ x ↑ x ↑ √ ↑ x ↑ x √ 18 Thailand ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ √ ↑ 19 Vietnam ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑Development of capacities in ICM in the areas of Table 10. ICM applications that enable farm advisory, extension and marketing Info. Info.needs Info. Networki ng Ma rket Li nki ng i nput- Onl i ne e-Aucti oni ng Commodi ty Trecea bi l i ty needs of of fa rmers needs of a gri . i nfo. fa rmers output ma rkets excha nges a ppl i ca ti ons NARS extens i on Agri entre ma rkets to ma ngt. a gents preneurs ma rketsinfrastructure, hardware, software, connectivity, skills, ge 1 Ba ngl a des h ○ x x x ○ x x x x ○ x 2 Bhuta n ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ x x x x 3 Ca mbodi a ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ x ↑ ○ 4 Chi nes e Ta i pei √ √ √ √ √ √ ○ √ √ √ √ ○ ○ ○ ○neration and dissemination of relevant content in weak 5 Fi ji ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ 6 Indi a √ √ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ 7 Indones i a ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ √ x ↑ x 8 Ja pa n √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 9 Loa PDR x x x x x x x x x x xNARS in the region 10 11 12 Ma l a ys i a Mya nma r Nepa l ↑ ↑ ○ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ○ ○ √ x ○ √ x ↑ x x ○ √ x ↑ x x x x x x x x x 13 Pa ki s ta n ↑ ↑ ↑ ○ ↑ ○ ○ ○ x x x 14 Pa pua New ↑ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ↑ x x ↑ x Gui nea 15 Phi l i ppi nes ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑Improving governance of agricultural information 16 Sa moa ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ x x x x x x x 17 Sri La nka √ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ○ ○ ○ 18 Tha i l a nd ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ 19 Vi etna m √ √ √ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑systems at the national level including those of national Table 10. ICM applications that enable farm advisory, extension and marketing Info. Info.needs Info. Networki ng Ma rket Li nki ng i nput- Onl i ne e-Aucti oni ng Commodi ty Trecea bi l i tysystems of agricultural research and innovation systems 1 NARS Ba ngl a des h needs of extens i on a gents ○ of fa rmers needs of a gri . x Agri entre ma rkets preneurs x x i nfo. ○ fa rmers to ma rkets x output ma rkets ma ngt. x x x excha nges a ppl i ca ti ons ○ x 2 Bhuta n ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ x x x x 3 Ca mbodi a ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ x ↑ ○ 4 Chi nes e Ta i pei √ √ √ √ √ √ ○ √ √ √ √ 5 Fi ji ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ○ ○Collective actions for enabling greater sharing of √ √ 6 Indi a ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ 7 Indones i a ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ √ x ↑ x 8 Ja pa n √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 9 Loa PDR x x x x x x x x x x x 10 Ma l a ys i a ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ √ √ x √ x x xdata, information objects and information across 11 12 13 14 Mya nma r Nepa l Pa ki s ta n Pa pua New ↑ ○ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ○ ○ ↑ x ○ ○ x ↑ ○ ↑ x ○ ○ ↑ ↑ x ○ x x x x x x x x ↑ x x x xInstitutes and information systems at national, regional 15 16 Gui nea Phi l i ppi nes Sa moa Sri La nka ↑ ↑ √ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ x ↑ x ○ ↑ x ○ ↑ ↑ x ↑ x ○ ↑ x ○ ↑ x ○ 17and global levels. 18 Tha i l a nd 19 Vi etna m ○ √ ○ √ ○ √ ○ ↑ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ○ ↑ ↑ ○ ↑ ○ ○ ↑ ↑ ○
  • 25. Advocacy and Policy Support to ICT/ICM in AR4D• Outputs– Success Stories on ICT/ICM in AR4D in Asia and the Pacific Region (2011) Bangladesh: Empowering Farmers through Information and Communication Technology (ICT): A Success Story on Mati-O-Manush (Land-and-Farmer) Public Television Program in Bangladesh India : aAQUA: ICT-enabled Knowledge Services to Farmers in India Nepal: Impact of Community Radios on Technology Adoption and Marketing Efficiency of Vegetable Crops in Nepal Philippines: Inter- Farmers Information and Technology Service (FITS) Trading through Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Sri Lanka: ICT initiative for Agriculture Extension by the Department of Agriculture – Sri Lanka.
  • 26. Advocacy and Policy Support to ICT/ICM in AR4D• Outputs– Agricultural Information and Knowledge for All- Success Stories on ICT/ICM in the Asia-Pacific Region (2012). India: Open Access to Agricultural Research Information in ICAR India :Empowering Farmers through Rice Knowledge Management Portal in India Malaysia : AGROBIS: Tools for Managing Agrobiodiversity Data and Information Sharing in Malaysia Philippines :Knowledge Networking for Agricultural Research for Development: The Philippines K-AgriNet Program.
  • 27. Advocacy and Policy Support to ICT/ICM in AR4D• Outcomes– Increase of understanding on the status of ICT/ICM in AR4D in NARS• Impacts– findings and lessons have been used for improving capacities, investment in ICM and advocacy.• Lessons– Increased, improved and targeted investment in ICM in agriculture– Improving governance of agricultural information systems and capacity development– Enabling greater sharing of data, information.– Need documentation of success stories and cases from other countries to disseminate proven technologies and bright spots.
  • 28. Advocacy and Policy Support to ICT/ICM in AR4D– Development of database of institutions and experts to provide access to existing ARD Institutions / Scientists.
  • 29. Development of ARD Databases• Activity– Creation of ARD database platforms• Outputs– Database platform for Contacts, Experts and Projects created on APAARI website at www.apaari.org/ard-database/ 250 contact details of ARD experts and 150 ARD institutions.
  • 30. Development of ARD Databases• Outcome– National Agricultural Information Systems able to collaborate and contribute to the databases.• Impact– Research and development links in the area of ICT strengthened through APARIS activities.– Databases are expected to grow with more information on contacts, scientists and projects on continuous basis.• Lessons– Important activity to bridge knowledge gaps.– Needs to popularize databases for collaboration and use.
  • 31. Enabling Capacity Development into Practice• Partnerships and Linkages established among Scientists and Institutions• Successful application of new tools and techniques in agricultural biotechnologies by developing NARS• Institutions at National level recognized the use and application of CIARD initiative in improving access to agricultural information• Sharing of Agricultural Information and Knowledge Improved through strengthening APARIS• Increase of Awareness and Understanding on latest developments in Agri-biotechnologies and uses and application of ICM in AR4D through through Status Reports and Success Stories.
  • 32. Visit APAARI Stall B16 in the Market Place TITLE OF THE TOPIC (example: Biodiversity: Actions and Contributions by RuralCommunities especially resource poor small holder farmers )