AESOP’S FABLE WebQuest for Bachillerato (English as a Second Language) Designed by Mª Ascensión Villalba Varona [email_address] “ Elaboración de Materiales Didácticos para la Enseñanza de la Lengua Inglesa”. Dr. James Lawley Doctorado – UNED- 2006
This webquest has been designed for students who have already passed the Secondary School or for adults learning English as a Second Language, whose level of English is Intermediate or Upper-Intermediate. The main objective is to motivate the student in speaking English.
This webquest is based in the Theory of the Constructivist Learning, exactly in the Mediated Learning where the student plays the leading role. Here the mediator is the teacher, the Instrumental Mediation is the Webquest and the Protagonist is the student.
I have designed this webquest following the model proposed by Bernie Dodge ( Eduteka April 2002 ) and his taxonomy of tasks. Exactly, I have used some of them as follows:
Collection task: The students will take information from different selected webs and will decide which Aesop fable will select to be read and later analized.
Journalist Task : The students will investigate about who Aesop is and what the difference is between a fable, a trickster tale, a fairy story and a leyend.
Consensus and Persuasion Task : The students will have different opinions about the message from the fables. They will have to arrive at a consensus to decide which moral may be suitable for a similar situation in the 21st century. They will persuade the rest of the members of the group about a determined point of view.
Analitic Task : Students will analyse a fable using a Venn Diagram.
Self-knowledge Task : They will think about their life and experience looking for a moral example that can be adapted to the moral of the fable.
Creative Products Task : They will use their creativity to make up a new modern version of selected fable and moral.
I have used this webpage www.phpwebquest.org to create and upload my work. It is extremely easy and I would like to invite other teachers to do it. So we could share all our works.
I have set a link from the webpage of my school www.varonas.com ( Nuestros ejercicios Online ) to make the access to my students easier.
NOTE : You can also have access to my webquest pressing on the heading of the next slides.
It’s Saint John’s Night, you are sitting around a bonfire with your friends. You will be immerse in a moral storytelling night! The spirit of Aesop will be recalled and you will continue his work by telling new 21st century fables.
Who was Aesop?
What is a fable?
What’s the difference between: a fable, a fairy tale, trickster tales and a leyend?
How have fables and trickster tales been passed down through time and around the world?
What kinds of wisdom about human nature and human behavior do we learn from fables, and how is this wisdom relevant today?
Fables teach us a moral or a lesson. You will have to read fables and understand their morals. You will use your creativity to prepare your oral presentation of an original 21st century version based on an Aesop's fable.
You will choose one fable. Each fable has a moral. Your task is to read an Aesop's fable, understand its moral and adapt the fable to your life or experience. You will do it thinking in people you know, such as classmates, collegues, relatives and situations that represent our life and way of living in cities.
Then you will have to tell to your friends sitting around the bonfire on Saint John’s Night.
You will have to work in groups of four. Each one will have a different task:
Reader : You will be in charge of reading three fables to your group and agree which one has the best adaptable moral.
Writer: You will write all the ideas, characters, place and situation that the rest of the group suggests you. As well as writing the free modern version of your story.
Coordinator : You will be in charge of monitoring all the work, helping and giving ideas to the writer. If you need some help, do not hesitate to call your teacher.
Storyteller: You will be in charge of telling the story to the group. Remember that you will be in the place of Aesop. Drama performance will be wellcome!
… PROCESS Fables and Puzzles Aesop's Fables (Listening) Traditional / Modern Fables List of Aesop's Fables with moral Legends Fables and Trickster Tales Fables and Fairy Tales Aesop's Life
EVALUATION B Presentation has been performed with fluency. Presentation has been performed with little hesitation. Hesitation in the presentation. Not well prepared for the presentation. Oral Presentation C The information and order of events is clearly very well organised. The information and order of events is well organised. The information and order of events is partially organised. The information and order of events is absolutely disorganized. Organization B No grammatical or pronounciation mistakes. Few grammatical and pronounciation mistakes. Many grammatical and pronounciation mistakes. Frequent grammar, pronounciation and spelling mistakes. Grammatical Assesment B All group members fulfilled all the tasks. Group members performed and collaborated with almost all the tasks. Group members performed hardly any of the assigned tasks. Group members didn’t perform any of the assigned tasks. Group Collaboration SCORE Advanced Storyteller MARKS: A Intermediate Storyteller MARKS: B Elementary Storyteller MARKS: C Beginner Storyteller MARKS: D
As I had already set all the computers with the webquest link on the “Favourites” tool bar, eight upper-intermediate students sit at the computers and begin with the lesson.
I explain them what a webquest is because it is the first time they have done it.
We read aloud, one time each, the Introduction, task and process.
I also explain them what a Venn diagram is.
They organised themselves with no disturbance. However they needed to be remember several times that spanish language was not allowed in any single moment.
Most of them just had a quick look at Aesop’s life and the rest of the information about fables. They focused mainly in choosing fables and fullfil the task more than looking for information about Aesop and the differences between a fable and a legend as they had already heard about Aesop. They didn’t consider this information relevant for the final task, that is to create a modern Aesop’s fable. They visited and read the fables in English fulfilling the roles assigned to each one.
No further explanations and questions were required.
Group A had already finished writing their fable by 8:40pm., 5 m. before the other group did. (In a standard Bachillerato students group, I think this will take another 5 m.)
The storytellers told us their fables (we had only 2 groups.- In a standard bachillerato group of 30 students 15 m. would be required to do this part).
For 5 m. they read more information about other fables and Aesop’s life. For the last 5 m., we commented some fales, Aesop’s life and clear up some questions.
For homework 2 students sent the fables they had told us in the class by e-mail.
MODERN FABLES TRANSCRIPTION FROM STUDENTS (GROUP A):
JORDI AND JUAN
A man called Jordi went out from job and got his home. Suddenly, the telephone rang. It was his friend from Cuenca, Juan.
“ Hello Jordi, I´m in Barcelona for business, do you want to come with me to a pub tonight?”
“ Hello, I´m sorry but I´ve got to go to bed because tomorrow I have to get up early in the morning” said Jordi.
Juan went out and spent all his money with his friends.
The oil prices increased and Juan had to go work by bus while Jordi was driving his new sport car.
“ IF YOU WANT TO DRIVE YOUR CAR, DON´T WASTE YOUR MONEY!”
MODERN FABLES TRANSCRIPTION FROM STUDENTS (GROUP B):
THE KING OF THE JUNGLE.
Once upon a time there was a little lion called George who was the king of the jungle. George is 18 years old and, as almost of the animals in his age, he like playing football a lot. Every single evening, after doing his homework he plays with the other animals.
Las night, his father, the actual king of the jungle, went to George’s bedroom in order to speak to his son:
Hi daddy, how are you? – said George
Quite well son – answered the king – I want to tell you something
Tell me …- said George
You know you will be the king of the jungle one day and every single animal in the jungle must obbey your orders, you must keep the justice in the jungle because it will be your kingdom, from the little ants to the giant elephant will respect your wishes, do you understand it?
Yes! It will be great! I’m very happy daddy, you can trust me
I trust you little George, I am sure that you will be a good king.
Ey daddy! Why don’t we play football in order to celebrate it? I am very happy to know that I will be the king.
I would like to play with you but I cannot, I have many thingsw to do.
What? What things are more important than playing with your son even if you want to?
A king has obligations too, if there is a problem in the jungle I must look for a way to solve it
If the most powerful animal in the jungle cannot play with his son whenever he wants you should look for another king because I prefer being free and play when I want rather than keep ordering to others what to do like you. Good luck king of the jungle.
BETTER BE THE KING OF YOUR LIFE THAN THE KING OF A KINGDOM