Intellectual Property Issues
Intellectual Property Issues
   in the Use of Social Media
  in the Use of Social Media
     ...
TRADEMARK INFRINGEMENT
What Can Be Done About
“Username Squatting”?
 • PREVENTIVE STEPS
   • Preemptively register the mark and potential domain ...
USURPING USERNAMES
What Can Be Done About
    Username Squatting?
•   FACEBOOK:
     •   "Report this Person" or "Fake Account" buttons

•   ...
Will the real Tony LaRussa
please tweet?
A SHAQ ATTAQ
KEYWORDS
Sponsored Links Based on
Keywords in Social Media Profiles
GOOGLE ADWORDS in the U.S.:
Google v. Rescuecom
• 2nd Circuit vacated and remanded a dismissal
  by S.D.N.Y. of Rescuecom’...
GOOGLE ADWORDS in Europe:
Google France v. Louis Vuitton
ECJ C-236 -238/08 (March 23, 2010)

• Similar to Rescuecom, ECJ h...
METATAGS—Hidden Use of
    Keywords in Web-Site Programming
•   Initial Interest Confusion
    •   “When a customer is lur...
Keywords in
Social Media Profiles
• Part of “identity creation”
• Improves chances of your profile/page being found
• What...
A quick sidebar:
Risks to Law Firms and Attorneys of
Utilizing Social Media for Marketing
• Regulations on Attorneys and J...
Thank You
• We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Ari Abramowitz and
  Caroline Camp in the preparation of this pres...
Social Media Marketing 04 08 10
Social Media Marketing 04 08 10
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Social Media Marketing 04 08 10

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A short presentation on Intellectual Property issues, particular related to trademark, domain name, and rights of publicity, in the use of brands in social media usernames and profiles

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Social Media Marketing 04 08 10

  1. 1. Intellectual Property Issues Intellectual Property Issues in the Use of Social Media in the Use of Social Media Usernames and Profiles Usernames and Profiles Presented By Presented By Matthew D. Asbell Matthew D. Asbell Ladas & Parry LLP Ladas & Parry LLP 212.708.3463 212.708.3463 masbell@ladas.com masbell@ladas.com April 8, 2010 April 8, 2010
  2. 2. TRADEMARK INFRINGEMENT
  3. 3. What Can Be Done About “Username Squatting”? • PREVENTIVE STEPS • Preemptively register the mark and potential domain names with each site • Monitor, Monitor, Monitor • See Tiffany v eBay, No. 08-3947 (2nd Cir, April 1, 2010) • REMEDIAL STEPS • Report alleged infringements to the social networking site • “Notice & Take-Down” modeled on DMCA • Not a binding legal requirement, but generally accepted • Cease & Desist letter to user • Sometimes difficult to identify or contact that user • Cease & Desist letter to ISP • Dispute Resolution • Litigation
  4. 4. USURPING USERNAMES
  5. 5. What Can Be Done About Username Squatting? • FACEBOOK: • "Report this Person" or "Fake Account" buttons • TWITTER: • “Clear intent to mislead” • Difficult to contact the adversary • You can't buy the name. • Options • Almost Automated Customer Service responses to C&Ds • Request suspension for 6 months of inactivity, but does not result in transfer (yet) • Sue: Oneok, Tony LaRussa • Shaq Attaq: register a new username • YOUTUBE: • Encourages the interested parties to work it out • “Using someone’s TM in a username, in itself, is not necessarily infringing” • C&D Letter followed by corresponding with YouTube support • No one said it would be an efficient process
  6. 6. Will the real Tony LaRussa please tweet?
  7. 7. A SHAQ ATTAQ
  8. 8. KEYWORDS
  9. 9. Sponsored Links Based on Keywords in Social Media Profiles
  10. 10. GOOGLE ADWORDS in the U.S.: Google v. Rescuecom • 2nd Circuit vacated and remanded a dismissal by S.D.N.Y. of Rescuecom’s claim that suggestion and sale of its trademark as a keyword was a trademark infringement • It may differ in other circuits, but signals end of defense that keyword sale is not “use in commerce” • Several subsequent class action suits filed against Google
  11. 11. GOOGLE ADWORDS in Europe: Google France v. Louis Vuitton ECJ C-236 -238/08 (March 23, 2010) • Similar to Rescuecom, ECJ held keyword ads are “use” • But, “use” is by advertisers, not Google • Advertisers may be liable if use is misleading or vague • Google may have indirect liability under national laws if not entitled to safe harbors of E-Commerce Directive because maybe not passive role • Google “general Trademark complaint” policy purports to investigate use of registered marks in ad text and, in some jurisdictions, as keywords • This may permit liability by Google in Europe where owners have advised ab initio of their registered trademark rights
  12. 12. METATAGS—Hidden Use of Keywords in Web-Site Programming • Initial Interest Confusion • “When a customer is lured to a product by the similarity of the mark, even if the customer realizes the true source of the goods before the sale is consummated” • MOVIEBUFF - Brookfield Communications, Inc. v. West Coast Entertainment Corporation, 174 F.3d 1036 (9th Cir. 1999) • Promatek Industries, Ltd. v. Equitrac Corp., 300 F.3d 808, 812 (7th Cir. 2002) • Playboy Enterprises, Inc. v. Netscape Communications Corp., 354 F.3d 1020 (9th Cir. 2004) • Not fair use because bad faith, bait-and-switch • Tdata Inc. v. Aircraft Technical Publishers, 411 F. Supp.2d 901 (S.D. Ohio 2006). • Gibson Guitar Corp. v. Paul Reed Smith Guitars, LP, 423 F.3d 539, 544 n.4 (6th Cir. 2005) • Initial interest confusion “derives from the unauthorized use of trademarks to divert internet traffic, thereby capitalizing on a trademark holder’s goodwill.” • Australian Gold, Inc. v. Hatfield, 436 F.3d 1228 (10th Cir. 2006) • North American Medical Corp. v. Axiom Worldwide, Inc., 522 F.3d 1211 (11th Cir. 2008)
  13. 13. Keywords in Social Media Profiles • Part of “identity creation” • Improves chances of your profile/page being found • What if you use Third-Party Trademarks as your keywords? • Search optimization • Similar to Adwords cases? • Use in Commerce? • Nominative Fair Use? • Similar to Meta-Tags? • Trademark Use? • Is it deceptive, bad-faith? • Unfair competition/free riding?
  14. 14. A quick sidebar: Risks to Law Firms and Attorneys of Utilizing Social Media for Marketing • Regulations on Attorneys and Judges • Model/State Rules of Professional Responsibility • Generally, Public, Permanent, Direct Nature of Social Media communications raises ethical issues • But see Alexander v. Cahill (2nd Cir., Mar. 12, 2010) • ABA Commission on Ethics 20/20 • “Technological advances and globalization have changed our profession in ways not yet reflected in our ethics codes and regulatory structures” • Employment Issues • Respondeat Superior • Employee Privacy
  15. 15. Thank You • We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Ari Abramowitz and Caroline Camp in the preparation of this presentation. • Any Questions? Matthew D. Asbell, Associate Ladas & Parry LLP 212.708.3463 masbell@ladas.com www.ladas.com On LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/matthewasbell On Twitter: http://twitter.com/asbellmd

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