Hns contingency


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HNS Contingency Plans in Compliance with the OPRC HNS Protocol

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Hns contingency

  1. 1. 5/13/2008 SPE International Conference on Health, Safety, and , y, Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production held in Nice, France, 15–17 April 2008HNS Contingency Plans in Compliance With the OPRC-HNS Protocol Oil Spill Response and East Asia Response Limited Alexander Nicolau, Technical Advisor OutlineIntroduction to HNS and tradeThe OPRC-HNS Protocol and its legalrequirementsExplain the challenges and limitationsthat may be encounteredProvide guidelines and methodology forcontingency planning at 3 levels 1
  2. 2. 5/13/2008 Definition of HNS The definition is based on lists of individual substances in international codes: i i t ti l d MARPOL 73/78 (Appendix I of Annex I) + (Appendix II of Annex II) International Bulk Chemical (IBC) Code International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code) Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (BC Code) Transport of HNS World Seaborne Liquids Solids Trade4.01 billion t(1990)5.98 billion t(2000) Total Total 2.422 billion t 4.687 billion t7.11 billion t 1.856 billion t 1.701 billion t(2005) Crude oil Bulk Commodities + 565 million t + 2.986 billion t Products Other dry cargo (source: UNCTAD) 2
  3. 3. 5/13/2008 World Fleet % change Type of Ship 2004 2005 2006 2005/2006 Oil Tankers 316,759 336,156 354,219 5.4 Bulk carriers 307,661 320,584 345,924 7.9Containerships 90,462 98,064 111,095 13.3Liquefied gas 20,947 22,546 24,226 7.5 carriers Chemical 8,004 8,290 8,919 7.6 tankers Figures in 1,000 DWT by Types of Vessels for 2004-2006 (source: UNCTAD) Incidents Involving HNS Global Global UK China Source IOPCF UKMCA UKMCA China MSA 1989-1998 220 CT 38 CT 105 GC 13 GC (total) (total) 1991-2004 52 >5,000 t spilt (total) 1995-2000 1995 2000 7 (average) 2001-2004 25 (average) 2005 36 (total) CT: Chemical Tanker / GC: Gas Carrier 3
  4. 4. 5/13/2008 The OPRC-HNS ProtocolExtension of the OPRC 1990 ConventionObligations imposed by the ratification of the protocol: Development of the national system and the second in turn focuses in particular on the preparation of a national contingency plan Ships flying the flag of a Party to the OPRC-HNS Protocol should carry a pollution emergency plan to deal specifically with incidents involving hazardous and noxious substances, such as chemicals The OPRC-HNS Protocol The OPRC-HNS Protocol entered into force on 14 June 2007 and has 19 Parties to date: Australia Greece Poland Sweden Chile Japan Portugal Syria Equator Malta Singapore Uruguay Egypt Mexico Slovenia Vanuatu France The Spain Netherlands (source: IMO) 4
  5. 5. 5/13/2008Types of Contingency Plans Recommended Types of Contingency Plans for Oil SpillsTypes of Contingency Plans Recommended Types of Contingency Plans for HNS Spills 5
  6. 6. 5/13/2008 Ship Plan for HNSIt is in principle necessary, (article 3 of theOPRC-HNS Protocol)OPRC HNS Protocol), for the ship registeredunder the flag of a State that is party to theOPRC-HNS Protocol or visiting a State thatis party to the OPRC-HNS Protocol to haveonboard:a “Pollution Incident Emergency Plan” (PIEP)and necessary reporting procedures Ship Plan for HNSRegulation 16 of Annex II of MARPOL 73/78every ship of 150 GT and above shall carryon board:a Shipboard Marine Pollution EmergencyPlan (SMPEP) for Noxious Liquid Substancesapproved by the AdministrationRegulation 26 of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78requires that every Oil Tanker 150GT andabove to carry:a Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan(SOPEP) approved by the Administration 6
  7. 7. 5/13/2008 NOTIFICATION DATA ASSESSMENT RESPONSE & CONTACTS AND REPORTING MITIGATIONContent of a Ship Plan for HNS ACTIONS Notification of Information on the Quantity on board or Prevention of fire Emergency emergency services, substance(s) spilled and explosion contact numbers local or national transported authorities Must be ready to Name and Injuries/adverse Ship stabilisation transfer relevant identification number effects to human n information in the of the product health or the initial moments of an environment incident Type of packaging Safety Data Sheet Container/package Transfer of (SDS) of the HNS type, size and cargo transported quantity, condition Ship plan and Details of the local Evacuation drawings environmental conditions Stowage p g plan Measurements and Responsibilities p o & Bill of Lading appearance of any slicks or plumes, including direction of movement and behaviour Name and contact Proximity to details of the ship’s sensitive resources agent or shipper or and residential areas manufacturer National Contingency Plan for HNS Necessary Requirement BUT not sufficient Should contain full information at National Level on procedures, responsibilities, implications, structure, cooperation and expertise (including international) Similar to a National Oil Spill Contingency Plan in the structure but not fulfilling the similar outcomes: HNS can develop quickly Need to be well complemented and resourced at lower level with teams having the expertise and the authority to react promptly 7
  8. 8. 5/13/2008 Classes of HNS BehavioursMain Challenge fo HNS C or Source: EMSA HNS Action Plan, adapted from the Bonn Agreement Counter Pollution Manual Risk Based (for OIL) Not the same for everyone Risk assessed and tailored to: Locality Conventional Definitio of Tiered Preparedness Likely consequences Available resources and Response (Source IPIECA) Industry classification Tier 1 on Industry Tier 2 Stockpile Mutual Aid / Government Tier 3 Regional Centre / Government / Others 8
  9. 9. 5/13/2008 Risk Based (for HNS) Injuries/fatalities Injuries/fatalities Severity Level Outside the site Pollution onsite ents (>100m) onsequences for HNS Incide Limited pollution without Minor 1 Light injuries No effect environmental no permanent effect consequences Light injuries Moderate pollution within Moderate 2 Serious injuries No permanent effects site limits Permanent effects One fatality and/or Serious injuries Significant pollution Serious 3 several serious Permanent effects external to the site injuries with Severity of Potential Co permanent effects One fatality Important pollution with Major 4 Several fatalities Numerous serious environmental injuries consequences external to the site Major and sustainedCatastrophic 5 Numerous fatalities Several fatalities pollution external to the site and/or extensive loss of aquatic life Port or Terminal Plans Incidents are usually better dealt with in sheltered waters within the area of a port or terminal (almost never offshore) Vital link between the PIEP and the NCP but not an OPRC-HNS obligation Allows prompt response and can be backed- up accordingly if required 9
  10. 10. 5/13/2008Recommended Content of Port or Terminal PlansRisk assessment Data on quantities/frequencies of transported HNS Sensitivity Mapping Collection of MSDS and response sheets for quick assessment of the risks related to a substanceRecommended Content of Port or Terminal PlansMonitoring and evaluation Modelling (beware of limitations and consequences) Monitoring with detectors Safe zone definition Evacuation procedures “Site Entry Protocol” 10
  11. 11. 5/13/2008 Development of Action Guides Hazards: flammability / toxicity Behaviour under normal condition within a range of g temperatures Possibility of detection Recommended PPE Recommended response options Interpretation of the GESAMP profileExample of an Actio Guide e on 11
  12. 12. 5/13/2008 ConclusionsHNS maritime transport has been increasingIncidents involving HNS become more frequentOPRC-HNS Protocol should help developingnew preparedness standardsShip PlansNational PlansPorts and Terminal PlansNumerous challenges and limitationsconcerning response, expertise and capability 12