Measuring of carbon stocks


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Measuring of carbon stocks

  1. 1. Measuring and governing changes in forestcarbon stocks in complex landscapesOle Mertz, I-REDD+ CoordinatorWith Thomas Sikor, Arne Jensen and many moreCOP 18 Doha, 29th November 2012
  2. 2. Department of Geography & Geology I-REDD+Impacts of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation + enhancement of forest carbon stocks 2011-2014 Funding by European Commission 7th Framework Programme Organisation Country University of Copenhagen - Coordinator UCPH Denmark Leibniz Institut für Agrarentwicklung in Mittel- und Osteuropa IAMO Germany Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin UBER Germany University of East Anglia UEA United Kingdom The University of Edinburgh UEDIN United Kingdom Institut de Recherche pour le Développement IRD France Universität Bern UBERN Switzerland Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences KIB PR China CARES, Hanoi University of Agriculture CARES Vietnam National University of Laos NUOL Laos Yayasan WWF Indonesia WWF-IND Indonesia Center for International Forestry Research CIFOR International World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF International Nordic Agency for Development and Ecology NORDECO Denmark
  3. 3. Department of Geography & GeologyI-REDD+ project overview
  4. 4. Department of Geography & GeologyI-REDD+ objectivesA specific focus on:• Degraded forests and complex landscapes• Sub-national and local level
  5. 5. Department of Geography & GeologyStudy sites• Vietnam: Nghe An Province, Con Cuong District• China: Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Manlin Village, Xiangming Township• Laos: Nam Et Phou Loeuy National Protected Area, Luang Prabang/Huaphan Provinces• Indonesia: Kutai Barat Regency, East KalimantanSame methodologies applied in each country
  6. 6. Department of Geography & Geology How dependent is successful REDD+ on community participation in monitoring?• Can local communities accurately, cost-effectively and reliably measure carbon stocks in forests subject to degradation?• To what extent does sound REDD+ governance rely on local participation?• Can local participation in measuring carbon stocks be integrated in national (and sub-national) MRV?
  7. 7. Accuracy of community measurement
  8. 8. Department of Geography & GeologyCosts of measurement  Measurement of woody biomass by: ,.l a t e nes e na D l i  Measurement of cut trees by:
  9. 9. Department of Geography & GeologyReliability of community measurement Incentives to over-report carbon stocks if results are tied to payments? Perhaps, but: • Professional foresters from government agencies could also be prone to over-reporting if they know government funding depends on C-stocks • Any type of measurement has to be subject to 3rd party verification • Manipulation of large data sets can often be detected by analysing coherence in data
  10. 10. Monitoring and benefit distribution Payments of local people ? for C measurement?budget fortechnicalagency? Source: UN-REDD
  11. 11. Monitoring and governanceMonitoring is part of governanceGovernance rights • management • enforcement • monitoring • ...=> monitoring influences effectiveness and social justice of REDD+
  12. 12. I-REDD+ research on governanceAnalysis of 10 existing benefit distribution mechanisms (BDM) in China, Vietnam, Laos and Indonesia:Top-down state governance remains common: • local people may get limited use rights yet rarely receive governance rights • in some cases, international NGOs share some governance rightsMany of these BDMs are not considered effective and just by local peopleImplementation of national REDD+ needs to learn from these experiences
  13. 13. Monitoring and safeguardsParticipatory monitoring helps to integrate UNFCCCsafeguards into core REDD+ design•safeguard 3: “respect for the knowledge and rights toindigenous peoples and members of local communities”•safeguard 4: “full and effective participation of relevantstakeholders, in particular indigenous peoples and localcommunities”
  14. 14. Department of Geography & GeologyKey messages• Remote sensing based C-stock measurement in complex mosaic landscapes and degraded forests remains difficult• It needs to be complemented by ground truth and local measurement• Participatory monitoring (PM) provides accurate and cost- effective estimates for such controls• PM also contributes to more effective and socially just REDD+ governance• PM should be integrated in national MRV as a complement to professional forest inventories PM is an opportunity rather than an obstacle to successful REDD+
  15. 15. Department of Geography & Geology Thank you Read more on: www.i-redd.euContact: Ole Mertz,