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Implications for sparing, sharing and caring


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Drivers depend on location, time and context; Policy responses need to use the right mix of carrots, sticks & sermons; Ultimately, enlightened self-interest (caring) will have to be the primary reason …

Drivers depend on location, time and context; Policy responses need to use the right mix of carrots, sticks & sermons; Ultimately, enlightened self-interest (caring) will have to be the primary reason to keep/promote forests & trees; In the short run a combination of sparing & sharing is needed to achieve sustainable development goals

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  • 1. Implications for sparing, sharing andcaring – Meine van Noordwijk, ICRAF Indonesia
  • 2. •
  • 3. V.6 Segregate/integrate multifunctionalitydebate (sparing-sharing-caring)
  • 4. Who is the driverWhy is shespeeding?Where are theyheading?Are passengershappy?Who pays thefare?Who bribes thepolice?Who sets thetimetable?Who owns thebus company?What are the points of leverage: accelerator, brake, gearshift,running out of fuel, change in contractor company, change intimetable and roadmap? Less passengers? Higher fines?Who pays fines& tickets?
  • 5. Wherever we went on Sumatra we foundanger, confusion and destruction……a company responsible, entirely legally, forthe destruction of large areas of forest…Last year you planted 100 million trees,which sounds a lot, but how many ha’s didyou deforest?“Can you repeat the question?”Can I get a sense of the scale ofdeforestation from APRIL, please?“We are not involved in deforestation, ourefforts are concentrated on sustainableforest management … we are a pioneer inthe introduction of sustainable forestmanagement methods.” rainforest of Sumatra in Indonesia is steadily being turned into a giant industrial plantationthat can neither support the wildlife that lives there nor the native human population.
  • 6. 1. Undisturbed natural forest2. Undisturbed + sust. logged natural forest3. Closed canopy undisturbed + logged forest4A. as 3 + agroforest4B. as 3 + timber plantations4C. as 3 + agroforest + timber plant’s + estate crops4D as 4C + shrubRainforest foundationConservation agencyModis dataMinistry of ForestryForest ecologistUNFCCC definitionStakeholder:
  • 7. Table 1. Land cover transition matrix for six land use types, ranked by time-averagedcarbon stock; transitions above the diagonal imply a net loss of carbon, those below anet gain; depending on the operational forest definition (in the example between AF andP1), forest degradation, deforestation and non-forest degradation contribute to grossemissions, improved forest management, reforestation and restocking outside forest toC-stock gains, and the matrix as a whole to net emissions. Each cell tends to have itsown ‘actors’ (motivated by a direct benefit) but they may respond to common ‘drivers’
  • 8. Forest and tree cover transitions: a unifying conceptacross CRP6Temporalpattern, X-axisSpatialpattern,X-axisInstitutionalchallenge atturning pointX-linkage ofactions inlandscapeCoreChoiceof Y-axis12 3 4 56
  • 9. Sparing and Sharing
  • 10. Pattern of tree cover  Processes of change  Drivers of tree cover transitionWhat disappears?What staysWhat comes back?TIF =Trees Inside ForestTOF =Trees Outside Forest
  • 11. 20131995
  • 12. Pattern of change,with relevant legendConsequencesActors:Smallholders localPoor migrantsLocal investorsLarge scale operatorsRemote sensing ima-gery/groundtruthedLand use options & their profitabilityTechnology& inputmarketsValue chains& outputmarketsRoads,infrastruc-tureES-relatedincentivesDemo-graphyRightsPrefer-encesLocalexperienceResearch Demand Dev. Banks REDDDemo-trials,extensionLocalNational governmentLU and development planningA.B.C.DiagnosticAttributionLeverageModelsAccess tocredit
  • 13. Landscape SpacePeopleLand UseSystemsInstitutionsFunctions,servicesGeologyLand formsClimateVegetationFlora&faunaHydrologyValue chains Landscape -Planning, IncentivesmultifunctionalityTenure
  • 14. Drivers of deforestation: leveragepoints and REDD+ efficiency: Impli-cations for sparing, sharing and caring• Drivers depend on location, time and context• Policy responses need to use the right mix ofcarrots, sticks & sermons• Ultimately, enlightened self-interest (caring)will have to be the primary reason tokeep/promote forests & trees• In the short run a combination of sparing &sharing is needed to achieve sustainabledevelopment goals