Indications of Removal of Teeth:
Severe periodontal disease
Contraindications of Removal of Teeth:
Severe uncontrolled metabolic diseases
Uncontrolled leukemias and lymphomas
Severe myocardial ischemia
Relation to vital structures
Configuration of roots
Condition of bone
Widge Wheel and axleLever
Purchase point can be made
and a crane pick can be used
to elevate the tooth.
Straight elevator help mobilize
teeth without the preparation
of a purchase point.
Wheel and Axle
Multiple-rooted tooth is
left in the alveolar
Goals of forceps:
a) Expansion of bony socket
b) Removal of tooth from sockets
1) Apical Pressure
2) Buccal Pressure
3) Lingual Pressure
4) Rotational Pressure
5) Tractional Force
Variety of forces can be used to remove a tooth.
Apical force is always useful and should be always used
when forceps is adapted.
Most teeth are removed by combination of buccal and
Rotational movements are useful for single-rooted conical
teeth with no severe curvatures at the root end.