Acronimos En Informatica


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Documento con informacion de las siglas que se pronuncian como una palabra, conocidas como acronimos.

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Acronimos En Informatica

  1. 1. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA • ADSL: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (informática) • ACPI: Advanced Configuration and Power Interface • AGP: Accelerated Graphics Port (Porto Grafico Acelerado) • API: Application Programming Interface (Interface de Programación de Aplicacións) • APIC: Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller • APM: Advanced Power Manager (Administrador Avanzado de Enerxía) • ARP: Address Resolution Protocol • ATA: Advanced Technology Attachment (Tecnoloxía Avanzada de Conexión) • Bit: Binary Digit • BMP: Bit Map Picture • BSC: Balanced ScoreCard (Cadro de mando integral) • Byte: Binary Term • CAD: Computer Aided Design • CIFS: Common Internet File System (Sistema de arqivos Comun de Internet) • DOS: Disk Operating System (sistema operativo) • DOS: Denial Of Service • DNS: Domain Name System • DPI: Dots Per Inch (Puntos Por Pulgada) • DRI: Direct Rendering Manager • Emacs: Editor Macros (editor de texto) • FAQ: Frecuency Asked Questions (preguntas formuladas frecuentemente) • FAT: File Allocation Table • FQDN: Fully Qualified Domain Name • GNU: GNU is Not Unix (sistema operativo) • GPL: General Public License • GIF: Graphics Interchange Format • HTML: HyperText Markup Language (linguaxe de marcado para hipertexto) • ICQ: I seek you (mensaxeiro instantáneo) • ICMP: Internet Control Message Protocol • IDE: Integrated Drive Electronics (Electrónica de Disco Integrada) • IP: Internet Protocol (protocolo) • ISA: Industry Standard Architecture (Arquitectura Estándar da Industria) • ISWIM: If you See What I Mean (Linguaxe de programación soa anos 60) • JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group (formato de imaxe) • JPG: Joint Photographic (Experts) Group • KDE: K Desktop Environment (contorna de escritorio) • LUG: Linux User Group
  2. 2. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar • MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface • MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions • MNG: Multiple-image Network Graphics • MPEG: Motion Picture Experts Group • MP3: MPEG-1 Layer 3 • NCP: NetWare Core Protocol (Protocolo Principal Netware)// Network Control Program (Programa de Control de Rede) • NFS: Network File System • NTFS: New Technology File System (Sistema de Arquivos de Nova Tecnoloxía) • NUMA: Non-Uniform Memory Access (Acceso Non Uniforme a Memoria) • OpenGL: Open Graphics Library • PC: Personal Computer (computadora persoal) • PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect (Interconexión de Compoñentes Periféricos) • PHP: Personal Home Page • PGP: Pretty Good Privacy (Privacidad Bastante Bona) • PNG: Portable Network Graphics (formato de imaxe) • RLE: Run Length Encoding • SCSI: Small Computer System Interface (Interface de Sistema para Sistemas Pequenos) • SMB: Server Message Block (Bloque de mensaxes de servidor") • TCP: Transmission Control Protocol (Protocolo de Control de Transmisión) • TIFF: Tagged Image File Format • TWAIN: Thing Without An Interesting Name (estándar para a comunicación entre aplicacións e periféricos de adquisición de imaxes) • UDP: User Datagram Protocol • VESA: Video Electronics Standard Association (Asociación de Estándar de Vídeo Electrónico) • WAI: Web Accessibility Initiative (Iniciativa pola Accesiblidade de Internet) • WINE: Wine Is Not an Emulator (implementación en Linux da API de Windows) • WYSIWYG: What you see is what you get (O que ves é o que obtés) • XML: EXtended Mark-up Language (linguaxe de marcado extensible)
  3. 3. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar LISTA DE ACRONIMOS MAS UTILIZADOS EN LA RED INFORMATICA A Advanced Audio Coding /Adaptative Audio Coding AAC ACL Access Control List ACPI Advanced Configuration and Power Interface ADA Augusta Ada Byron ADC Analog to Digital Converter ADK Additional Decryption Key ADN Advanced Digital Network ADPCM Pulse Code Modulation with Adaptive Quantization ADR Advanced Digital Recording ADS Application Development System ADSL Asynchronous Digital Suscriber Line AES Advanced Encryption Standard AFC Application Foundation Classes AFR Alternate Frame Rendering AGP Accelerated Graphics Port AI Artificial Intelligence AIP Adaptive Internet Protocol AIT Advanced Intelligent Tape ALCD Adaptive Lossless Data Compresion ALGOL ALgorithmic Language ALU Arithmetic & Logic Unit AME Advanced Metal Evaporated AMR Audio Modem Riser API Application Programming Interface APM Advanced Power Management ARP Address Resolution Protocol ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange ASE Active Server Extensions ASP Aplication Service Provider ASP Active Server Pages ATA AT Attached ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  4. 4. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar ATM Adobe Type Manager ATSC Advanced Television Standards Committee AVC Autentication Center AWT Abstract Window Toolkit B B2B Business-to-business BACP Bandwitch Allocation Control Protocol BASIC Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code BBS Bulletin Board System BCCH Broadcast Common Control Channel BCD Binary Coded Decimal BCDIC Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code BCP Bridging Control Protocol BCPL Basic Combined Programming Language BER Bit Error Ratio BGI Borland Graphics Interface BGW Billing Gateway BIOS Basic Input-Output System BIT Binary digIT BLOB Binary Large OBject BMP BitMaP BOOTP Boot Protocol BPDU Bridging protocol Data Units BPS Bits Per Second BRA Basic Rate Interface BRIEF Basic Reconfigurable Interactive Editing Facility BSC Binary Synchronous Communications BSD Berkeley Software Distribution BURN-proof Buffer UnderRunN Proof C C/I Carrier-to-interference ratio CAD Computer Aided Design CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing
  5. 5. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar CASE Computer Aided Software Engineering CATV Cable Access TV CAV Constant Angular Velocity CCD Charge Coupled Device CD Compact Disc CD-DA CD- Digital Audio CDPD Cellular Digital Packet Data CD-R CD Recordable CD-ROM CD Read-Only Memory CD-ROM XA CD-ROM eXtended Architecture CD-RW CD ReWriteable CEP Certificate Enrolment Protocol CF Compact Flash CF Carry Forward CGA Color Graphics Adapter CGA Color Graphics Array CGI Common Gateway Interface CHAP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol CIS Contact Image Sensor CISC Complex Instruction Set Code CLV Constant Linear Velocity CML Chemical Markup Language CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor CMOS Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor CMS Content Management System CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, blacK CNR Communication and Network Riser COBOL COmmon Business Oriented Language CODEC Compressor/Decompressor COM Component Object Model COM COmputer Output COM Communications CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture CP/M Control Program for Microcomputers CPI Characters Per Inch CPS Characters Per Second
  6. 6. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar CPU Central Processing Unit CR Carriage Return CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check CRT Cathodic Ray Tube CS Computer Science CSMA/CA Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance CSMA/CD Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection CSS Cascading Style Sheets CU Control Unit CVS Concurrent Version System D DAA Direct Access Adapter DAC Digital to Analogue Converter DAO Disk-at-once DAO Data Access Objects DAT Digital Audio Tape DB DataBase DBF DBase Format DBMS Database Management System DCE Data Communications Equipment DCL Digital Command Language DCS Digital Cellular System DD Disk Drive DD Double Density DDC Display Data Channel DDC Digital Data Converter DDE Dynamic Data Exchange DDL Data Definition Language DDR Double Data Rate DDS Digital Data Storage DES Data Encryption Standard DFD Data Flow Diagram DHCP Dynamic Equipment Configuration Protocol DIAL Direct Information Access Line
  7. 7. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar DIF Document Interchange Format DIMM Dual Inline Memory Module DIP Dual In-line Package DLC Data Link Control. DLL Dynamic Link Library. DLP Digital Light Processing DMA Direct Memory Access DMD Digital Micromirror Device DML Data Manipulation Language DNA Digital Network Architecture DNS Domain Name System DOM Document Object Model DOMAIN Distributed Operating Multi Access Interactive Network DOS Disk Operating System DPAM Demand Priority Access Method DPF Discrete Packet Format DPI Dots Per Inch DPS Data Protection System DQL Database Query Language DRAM Dynamic RAM DRC Digital Reality Creation DR-DOS Digital Research DOS DSL Digital Subscriber Line DSP Digital Signal Processor DSP Digital Signal Processing DSTN Dual Super Twisted Nematic DTE Data Terminal Equipment DTH Direct to Home DTS DigiTal Surround DTV Digital TV DTW Dinamic Time Warping DV Digital Video DVB Digital Video Broadcasting DVD Digital Video Disk DVD Digital Versatile Disk DVI Digital Video Interactive
  8. 8. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar DWDM Dense Wavelenght Division Multiplexing E EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code ECC Error Correction Code ECP Extended Capabilities Port EDO DRAM Extended Data Out DRAM EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory EFR Enhanced Full Rate EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter EHF Extremely High Frequencies EIDE Extended IDE EIGRP Enhanced Interior Gateway Domain Protocol EISA Extended ISA EMACS Editor MACroS E-MAIL Electronic Mail EMI Electromagnetic Interference EMS Enhanced Messaging Service EMS Expanded Memory Specification ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator EOF End Of File EPP Enhanced Printer Port EPROM Eraseable Programmable Read Only Memory ERMES European Radio Menssaging System ETHERNET Ether Network EXE EXEcutable EXIF Exchangeable Image File F FAMM Frecuency Agile MultiMode FAQ Frequently Asked Questions FAT File Allocation Table FAX FAcsimile FD Floppy Disk FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
  9. 9. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar FDN Fixed Diallind Number FEET Fine Edge Enhancement Technology FET Field Effect Transistor FFT Fast Fourier Transform FIFO First In, First Out FLOPS FLoating-point OPerations per Second FMD Fluorescent Multilayer Disk FOIL First Order Inductive Learner FORTRAN FORmula TRANslator FPM Fast Page Mode FPS Frames per Second FPU Floating Point Unit FQDN Fully Qualified Domain Name FRACTAL FRACTional dimensionAL FRS Freely Redistributable Software FSF Free Software Foundation FTP File Transfer Protocol FTTC Fiber to the curb FZFOIL FuZzy First Order Inductive Learner G GAN Global Area Network GB Gigabytes GC Garbage Collection GCC GNU C Compiler GDI Graphics Device Interface GHz Giga HertZ GIF Graphics Interchange Format GIPS Giga-Instructions per Second GL Generation Language GMR Giant MagnetoResistive GNU GNU's not Unix GPL General Public License GPRS General Packet Radio Service GPS Global Positioning System GPU Graphics Procesing Unit
  10. 10. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar GSM Global System for Mobile Communications GUI Graphical User Interface H HAD HoleAccumulation Diode HAL Hardware Abastraction Layer. HCI Human computer Interaction HD High Density HD Hard Disk HDD High Density Disk HDLC High-level Data Link Control HF High Frequencies HFC Hybrid Fiber Coaxial HFC Hybrid Fiber Coax HIMEM HIgh MEMory HLL High-Level Language HMM Hidden Markov Modelling HMOS High performance Metal Oxide Semiconductor HPA High Performance Addressing HPFS High Performance File System HSCD High Speed Circuit Switched Data HTML Hyper-Text Markup Language HTTP Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol HW Hardware I IACK Interrupt Acknoledge ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol ICSP Internet Control System Protocol ID IDentification IDE Integrated Drive Electronics IDE Integrated Development Environment IDL Interface Definition language IDS Intrusion Detection System ILP Inductive Logic Programming INTERNET International Network
  11. 11. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar INTRANET Interconnected Network IO Input/Output IP Instruction Pointer IP Internet Protocol IPP Internet Printing Protocol IPX/SPX Internetwork Packet Exchange / Sequenced Packet Exchange. IRC Internet Relay Chat IRQ Interrupt Request ISA Industry Standard Architecture ISAM Indexal Sequential Access Method ISAPI Internet Server Application Programming Interface ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network ISP Internet Service Provider ISRC International Standard Recording Number IT Information Technology J JBOD Just a Bunch of Disks JDBC Java Database Connectivity JIT Just In Time JNI Java Native Interface JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group K KB Kilobytes KHz Kilo Hertz KIPS Thousands (not 1024s) of Instructions Per Second L LAN Local Area Network LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation LBA Logical Block Addressing LCD Liquid Crystal Display LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol LDT Lightining Data Transport
  12. 12. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar LEAP Low-power Enhanced At Portable LF Line Feed LF Very Low Frequencies LFU Least Frequently Used LIFO Last In, First Out LISP LISt Processing Language LMDS Local Multipoint Distribution Service LPC Linear Predictive Coding LPF League for Programming Freedom LPT Line PrinTer LRU Least Recently Used LSB Least Significant Bit LSI Large Scale Integration M MAC Media Access Control MAN Metropolitan Area Network MAPI Messaging Application Programming Interface MASSC Multi-application Secure Smart Card MB Megabytes MBR Master Boot Record MCA Microchannel Architecture MCAE Mechanical Computer Aided Engineering MCGA Multicolor Graphics Array MDA Monochrome Display Adapter MDF Main Distribution Facility MDS Microwave Distribution System METS Multiple Exposure Tone System MF Middle Frequencies MFC Microsoft Fundation Classes MFCC Mel Frecuency Cepstral Coefficients MFLOPS Millions of Floating Operations Per Second MID Mobile Information Device MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions MIPS Millions of Instructions Per Second
  13. 13. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar M-JPEG Motion-JPEG MMC MultiMedia Card MMX Multimedia Extension MNG Multipleimage Network Graphics MODEM Modulator Demodulator MORE Mobile Rescue MOS Metal-Oxide Semiconductor MP3 MPEG-1 Layer 3 MPEG Motion Picture Experts Group MPI Message Passing Interface MSB Most Significant Bit MS-DOS Microsoft - Disk Operating System MSI Medium Scale Integration MTBF Medium Time Between Failures MTU Maximum Transmission Unit MUD Multi-User Dimension MULTICS MULTiplex Information Computer Services MUX MultipleXer MVC Model/View/Controller N NA Not Applicable NAK Negative AcKnowledge NAS Network Attached Storage NAT Network Address Translation NCA Network Computing Architecture NET NETwork NetBEUI NetBIOS Extended User Interface NetBIOS Network Basic Input/Output System. NFS Network File System NIC Network Interface Card NLQ Near Letter Quality NMI Non-Maskable Interrupt NN Neutral Network NNTP Networking News Transfer Protocol NOC Network Operation Center
  14. 14. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar NP Nondeterministic-Polynomial NSP Network Service Provider NTFS New Technology File System NUMA NonUniform Memory Access NVRAM Nonvolatile RAM O OCR Optical Character Recognition ODBC Open Database Connection ODPM OS Directed Power Management OEM Original Equipement Manufacturer OFX Open Financial Exchange OLE Object Linking and Embendding OMR Optical Mark Recognition OOP Object Oriented Programming ORCA Optimized Reordering Command Algorithm OS Operating System OSD On Screen Display OSI Open System Interconnection OSPF Open Shortest Path First OSS Open Source Software OWL Object Windows Library P P.O.D. Piece Of Data PAC Perceptive Audio Coding PAP Password Authentication Protocol PBX Private Branch Extension PC Personal Computer PC Program Counter PC/AT Personal Computer/Advanced Technology PCA Program Calibration Area PCB Printed Circuit Board PC-DOS Personal Computer DOS PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect
  15. 15. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar PCI Peripherical Component Interconnect PCM Pulse Code Modulation PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association PD public domain PDA Personal Data Assistant PDF Portable Document Format PDL Program Design Language PDP Plasma Display Panel PDP Programmed Data Processor PERL Practical Extraction and Report Language PGP Pretty Good Privacy PHS Personal Handy System PICS Platform for Internet Content Selection PIN Personal Identification Number PIO Programmed Input/Output PIXEL PICture ELement PL Programming Language PLC Planar Lightwave Circuit PLC Programmable Logic Controller PLCC Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier PMA Program Memory Area PMPO Power Music Peak Output PNG Portable Network Graphics PnP Plug and Play PNP Positive-Negative-Positive POP Post Office Protocol POP3 Post Office Protocol. version 3 POSIX Portable Operating System for unIX POST Power on Self Test PPP Point-to-Point Protocol PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol PPV Pay Per View PRML Partial Response Maximum Likelihood PRN PRiNter PROM Programmable Read-Only Memory PS PostScript
  16. 16. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar PSK Phase Shift Keying PVM Parellel Virtual Machine R RAD Rapid Application Development RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial In User Service RAID Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks RAID Redundant Array of Independent Disks RAM Random Access Memory RAS Remote Access Server RAW Read After Write RDB Relational DataBase RDBMS Relational DataBase Management System REXX Restructured EXtended eXecutor RFC Request for Comments RGB Red Green Blue RIFF Resource Interchange File Format RIMM Rambus Inline Memory Module RISC Reduced Instruction Set Code R-LAN Radio LAN RLE Run Length Encoding RMS Real Music Sound RNG Random Number Generator ROM Read-Only Memory ROYGBIV Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet RPC Remote Procedure Call RPG Report Program Generator RPM Revolutions Per Minute RS-232 Recommended Standard 232 RTC Real Time Clock RTF Rich Text Format RWW Read While Write S
  17. 17. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar SACD Super Audio CD
  18. 18. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar SAN Storage Area Network SAO Session-at-once SAPI Speech API SAS Server Attached Storage SAT SATellite Access Network SCA Single Connector Attachment SCSI Small Computer System Interface SD Secure Digital SDK Software Development Unit SDLC Synchronous Data Link Control SDRAM Synchronous DRAM SDX Storage Data Acceleration SET Secure Electronic Transaction SFTS Stiction-free Trini-slider SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language SHF Supra High Frequencies SIM Suscriber Identy Modules SIMD Single Instruction, Multiple Data SIMM Single In-line Memory Module SJB Shorted Job First SLI Sccan Line Interleave SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol SMART Self-monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology SMS Short Message Service SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol SNA Systems Network Architecture SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol SNR signal-to-noise ratio SOHO Small Office Home Office SP Stack Pointer SPARC Scalable Processor ARChitecture SPB Stored Procedure Builder SPDIF Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format SPS Shock Protection System SQL Structured Query Language SRAM Static RAM
  19. 19. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar SRAPI Speech Recognition API SSI Small Scale Integration SSL Secure Socket Layer STARS Software Technology for Adaptable, Reliable Systems STB Set-top Box STP Shielded Twisted Pair SUN Stanford University Network SVG Scalable Vector Graphics SVGA Super VGA SW Software T puyar (go up) T&L Transforming & Lighting TAO Track-at-once TAPI Telephony Application Programming Interface TCL & TK Tool Command Language and Toolkit TCP Transmission Control Protocol TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TCP/IP Transmission Communication Protocol / Internet Protocol. TETRA Terrestrial Trunked Radio TEXEL Texture Element TFMR Thin Film Magneto-resistive TFT Thin Film Transistor TFTP Tiny File Transfer Protocol TIFF Tagged Image File Format TMDS Transmitter Minimized Differential Signaling TPI Tracks Per Inch TROFF Text RunOFF, text formatter TT True-Type Font TTL Transistor-Transistor Logic TTY TeleTYpe TV TeleVision TWAIN Technology Without Any Interesting Name U UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmiter
  20. 20. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar UDF Universal Disk Format UDMA Ultra DMA UDP User Datagram Protocol UFI User Friendly Interface UHF Ultra High Frequency UIN Universal Internet Number UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System UNL United Network Language UPS Uninterrupted Power System URL Uniform Resource Locator USART Universal Synchronous/Asynchronous Receiver/Transmiter USB Universal Serial Bus USENET Users' Network UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair UUENCODE Unix to Unix Encoding V VAX Virtual Adress Extension VBR Variable BitRate VCD Video CD VCM Virtual Channel Memory VCR VideoCassette Recorder VDFM Virtual Disk File Manager VDU Visual Display Unit VFD Vacuum Fluorescent Display VGA Video Graphics Adapter VGA Video Graphics Array VHF Very High Frequencies VHLL Very-High-Level Language VHS Video Home System VIA Versatil Interface Adapter VIA Virtual Interface Architecture VLF Very Low Frequencies VLSB Very Large Database VLSI Very Large Scale Integration VM Virtual Machine
  21. 21. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar VoD Video on Demand VOD Video on Demand VOL Video On-Line VPN Virtual Private Network VRAM Video RAM VRC Vertical Redundancy Character VRML Virtual Reality Modeling Language VROOMM Virtual Runtime Object-Oriented Memory Manager W WAIS Wide Area Information System WAN Wide Area Network WAP Wireless Application Protocol WINS Windows Internet Name Service Winsocks Windows Sockets WLL Wireless Local Loop WMA Windows Media Audio WML Wireless Macro Language WOL Wake on LAN WOM Write Only Memory WORM Write Once, Read Many times WOSA Windows Open System Architecture WTA Wireless Telephony Application WTLS Wireless Transport Layer Security WWW World Wide Web WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get X XGA Extended Graphics Array XML Extensible Markup Language XMP Extensible Metadata Platform XMS eXtended Memory Specification XOR eXclusive OR Z ZIF Zero Insertion Force
  22. 22. ACRONIMOS EN INFORMATICA 2010 Por: Andrés Salazar ZV Zoomed Video