• “It is the process of preserving food by
anaerobic fermentation in brine to produce lactic
acid, or marinating and storing it in an acid
solution, usually vinegar (acetic acid). The
resulting food is called a PICKLE”.
Pickling began 4000 years ago using
cucumbers native to India. It is called "achar" in
northern India. This was used as a way to
preserve food for out-of-season use and for long
journeys, especially by sea.
• The term pickle is derived from the Dutch word
pekel, meaning brine. In the U.S. and Canada,
the word pickle alone almost always refers to a
pickled cucumber. Other types of pickles will be
described as "pickled onion," "pickled
• Brining or Corning.
• Food salty or sour taste.
• PH less than 4.6.
• Preserve perishable foods
• Antimicrobial herbs and spices.
TYPES OF PICKLES:
• 1)Brined dill pickles
• 2)Fresh pack or quick-process pickles
• 4)Fruit pickles
• Utensils made of zinc, iron, brass, copper, or
galvanized metal should not be used.
• For fresh-pack pickling large container made of
stainless steel, glassware.
• For fermenting and brining, a crock or stone jar,
an un chipped enamel-lined pan, a glass jar, a
bowl, used for small quantities.
Words of Caution:
• The level of acidity
• Vinegar, food, or water proportions
• tested proportions of ingredients.
Pickles with Salt Content:
• Fresh-pack pickles may be prepared
safely with reduced or no salt; they are
acidified quickly with vinegar.
• salt used in making brine pickles and
fermented sauerkraut .The function of salt
in fermented foods is to encourage the
growth of desirable bacteria
Key ingredients in pickling
Ingredient Why used???
• Acts as a preservative by encouraging the
growth of desirable bacteria (and inhibiting
undesirable bacteria) which in turn produce
lactic acid, a preservative.
• Helps draw juices and sugar from the produce
to make a brine.
• Adds flavor and crispness.
• Gives pickles a tart taste.
• Acts as a preservative due to the acidity of
Sugar • Sweetens taste; counteracts vinegar.
• Adds flavor
Water • Makes liquid portion of brine.
• Improves pickle firmness for
fermented pickles; does not improved
firmness of quick-process pickles.
Lime • Improves pickle firmness.
NOTE: These pickles are safe to eat even though they may not look
This happened: Because of this:
• Vinegar or salt solution too
• Overcooking or over
• Poory developed cucumbers.
• Cucumbers too ripe.
• Cucumbers held too long
• Fermentation too rapid.
Tips for Successful Pickling:
• Remove the blossom end of cucumbers
• Measure ingredients
• Use canning or pickling salt.
• Use white granulated sugar
• Use white distilled and cider vinegars of
• fresh spices or herbs
• Use soft water for best-looking pickles.