Present Perfect

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A study on englısh tenses

A study on englısh tenses

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  • 1. PRESENT PERFECT tenses
  • 2. PRESENT PERFECT He has bought a horse.
  • 3. PRESENT PERFECT How long have they been married? They have been married for 35 years.
  • 4. PRESENT PERFECT Richard’s car has just broken down.
  • 5. PRESENT PERFECT Affirmative They You We It She He You I have eaten have eaten have eaten has eaten has eaten has eaten have eaten have eaten
  • 6. PRESENT PERFECT Negative They You We It She He You I haven’t eaten haven’t eaten haven’t eaten hasn’t eaten hasn’t eaten hasn’t eaten haven’t eaten haven’t eaten
  • 7. PRESENT PERFECT Have Have Have Has Has Has Have Have Interrogative they eaten? you eaten? we eaten? it eaten? she eaten? he eaten? you eaten? I eaten?
  • 8. PRESENT PERFECT Say the past participles of the verbs .................... eat .................... go .................... do .................... drink .................... ring .................... buy .................... teach .................... swim .................... sing .................... bring .................... give .................... feed .................... make .................... leave .................... arrive .................... work .................... read .................... cut .................... catch .................... see seen cut worked left fed brought swum bought drunk gone caught read arrived made given sung taught rung done eaten
  • 9. PRESENT PERFECT Complete the blanks with the Present Perfect. 1. I ...................... (see) that film before. 2. We ...................... (read) three English books in class. 3. My mother ..................... (be) to London twice this year. 4. John ........................... (borrow) four CDs from me. 5. The children ............................ (eat) breakfast. 6. You ......................... (drink) all the coffee. 7. Be quiet! The film ......................... (start). 8. My parents ....................... (have) this house since 1950. have seen have read has been has borrowed have eaten have drunk has started have had
  • 10. PRESENT PERFECT We use the present perfect: for actions which happened at an unstated indefinite time in the past. The exact time is not important. They have bought a new house. (When did they buy it? We don’t know when; the time is not mentioned.) I have been to France twice. (When? We don’t know.)
  • 11. PRESENT PERFECT He has broken his arm. (The exact time is not mentioned what is important is the fact that his arm is broken.)
  • 12. PRESENT PERFECT The Taylors have bought a new boat. (The exact time is unimportant or unknown. What is important is the fact that they now own a boat.)
  • 13. PRESENT PERFECT We use the present perfect: for actions which started in the past and are still continuing in the present. I have known Mary for ten years. (We met ten years ago and we still know each other.) I have worked here for four years. (I started working here four years ago and I still work here.)
  • 14. PRESENT PERFECT They have been friends for twenty years. (They met each other 20 years ago and they are still friends)
  • 15. PRESENT PERFECT Rachel has had the dog for two years.
  • 16. PRESENT PERFECT We use the present perfect: for actions which have recently finished and their results are visible in the present. Tom has just painted the fence. (He has just finished painting. The paint on the fence is still wet.) Look at her. She is sad. She has failed the exam.
  • 17. PRESENT PERFECT She has picked a lot of apples. (The apples are in the basket so the action is finished.)
  • 18. PRESENT PERFECT She has just washed her hair. (She has now wrapped her hair in a towel, so the action is finished.
  • 19. PRESENT PERFECT How long is used in questions to ask about duration. How long have you worked here? How long have you been a teacher? For is used to express duration. I’ve lived here for eight years. Since is used to state a starting point. I’ve known him since 1990.
  • 20. PRESENT PERFECT Make sentences using since and for . 1. Agnes / be / teacher / ten years Agnes has been a teacher for ten years. 2. Paul / have / his dog / last month Paul has had his dog since last month. 3. Michael / not swim / last summer Michael hasn’t swum since last summer.
  • 21. PRESENT PERFECT Make sentences using since and for . 4. I / not see / Helen / two days I haven’t seen Helen for two days. 5. Mr Sullivan / be / here / 10.30 Mr Sullivan has been here since 10.30. 6. My brothers / not play / tennis / three weeks My brothers haven’t played tennis for three weeks.
  • 22. PRESENT PERFECT Already and just are used in statements and go between the verb have and past participle. They have already packed their suitcases. I’ve just phoned him. Yet is used in questions and negations and goes at the end of the sentence. Have you posted the letters yet ? He hasn’t written to me yet . Have you done your homework yet ? I haven’t done my homework yet .
  • 23. PRESENT PERFECT Look at the list of things Michael wants to do today. Write sentences.
    • finish my history project (+)
    • tell Bob about the football game on Friday(+)
    • read the sports page in the newspaper (+)
    • write a letter to my penfriend in India (-)
    • do my maths homework (-)
    • clean my room (-)
    He has already finished his history project. He has already told Bob about the football game on Friday. He has already read the sports page in the newspaper. He hasn’t written a letter to his penfriend in India yet . He hasn’t done his maths homework yet . He hasn’t cleaned his room yet .
  • 24. PRESENT PERFECT Ever is used in questions and goes between the verb have and the past participle. Have you ever played squash? Have you ever travelled abroad? Never is used to make a negative statement and goes between the verb have and the past partciple. I have never played squash. I have never travelled abroad.
  • 25. PRESENT PERFECT Write questions and answers. Vera / paint / the walls / in her room blue? Has Vera painted the walls in her room blue? No, she hasn’t. She has painted them white.
  • 26. PRESENT PERFECT Write questions and answers. Dennis / cook / chicken / yet ? Has Dennis cooked the chicken yet? Yes, he has.
  • 27. PRESENT PERFECT Write questions and answers. Mrs Peterson / buy / meat ? Has Mrs Peterson bought some meat? No, she hasn’t. She has bought some fish.
  • 28. PRESENT PERFECT Write questions and answers. Sue / make / coffee ? Has Sue made coffee? No, she hasn’t. She has made tea.
  • 29. PRESENT PERFECT Write questions and answers. your sisters / ever / be / Rome? Have your sisters ever been to Rome? No, they haven’t. They’ve been to Paris.
  • 30. PRESENT PERFECT Write questions and answers. Tom and Mary / ever / try / skiing Have Tom and Mary ever tried skiing? Yes, they have.