ICS - Module v - science & technology

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  • Amity Business School
  • ICS - Module v - science & technology

    1. 1. Amity School of Communication Module V- Science & Technology By- Ankit Kashyap
    2. 2. Cloning <ul><li>Cloning refers to the technique of producing a genetically identical copy of an organism. </li></ul><ul><li>Cloning in biology is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Cont…. <ul><li>Cloning in biotechnology refers to processes used to create copies of DNA fragments, cells or organisms.  </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular Cloning </li></ul><ul><li>Cell Cloning </li></ul><ul><li>Organism Cloning </li></ul><ul><li>Stem Cell Research Cloning </li></ul>
    4. 4. Cont… <ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Dolly , a Finn-Dorset ewe, was the first mammal to have been successfully cloned from an adult cell. She was cloned at the Roslin Institute in Scotland. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Dolly
    6. 6. Dolly
    7. 7. Biotechnology <ul><li>Biotechnology  is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bio-products. </li></ul><ul><li>As per UN Convention on Biological Diversity, biotechnology is defined as- </li></ul><ul><li>“ Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use.&quot; </li></ul>
    8. 8. Applications <ul><li>Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas:- </li></ul><ul><li>Health care (medical) </li></ul><ul><li>Crop production and agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Non food (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g. biodegradable plastics, vegetable oil, bio-fuels) </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental uses </li></ul>
    9. 9. Uses <ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Production </li></ul><ul><li>Gene Therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Cloning </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical products </li></ul><ul><li>To treat hepatitis B, hepatitis C, cancers, arthritis, hemophilia, bone fractures, multiple sclerosis and cardiovascular disorders. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Cont…. <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Crop Yield </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced vulnerability of crops to environmental stresses </li></ul><ul><li>Increased nutritional qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Improved taste, texture or appearance of food Reduced dependence on fertilizers, pesticides and other agrochemicals </li></ul>
    11. 11. Criticism <ul><li>Increased herbicide usage resulting in herbicide resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>“Super weeds” </li></ul><ul><li>Residues on and in food crops </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic contamination of non-GM crops </li></ul><ul><li>Hurt organic and conventional farmers </li></ul>
    12. 12. Nobel Prize <ul><li>The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. </li></ul><ul><li>Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite established the prizes in 1895 </li></ul>
    13. 13. Cont…. <ul><li>The prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace were first awarded in 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was instituted by Sveriges Riksbank in 1968 and was first awarded in 1969 . </li></ul>
    14. 14. Cont…. <ul><li>The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences- Physics, Chemistry & Economic Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet- Physiology or Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>The Swedish Academy - Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Norwegian Nobel Committee- Peace </li></ul>

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