Team designs have evolved into a broader concept that includes many types of teams formed for different purposes.
Process improvement teams are project teams that focus on improving or developing specific business processes.
Work groups , sometimes called “natural teams,” have responsibility for a particular process (for example, a department, a product line or a stage of a business process) and work together in a participative environment.
Self-managed teams directly manage the day-to-day operation of their particular process or department.
Types Of Teams
Advantages Of A Team Team processes offer the following benefits to the organization: Individuals can gain the following benefits from teams:
Synergistic process design or problem solving.
Objective analysis of problems or opportunities.
Promotion of cross-functional understanding.
Improved quality and productivity.
Reduced operating costs.
Increased commitment to organizational mission.
More flexible response to change.
Increased ownership and stewardship.
Reduced turnover and absenteeism.
Enhanced problem-solving skills.
Increased knowledge of interpersonal dynamics.
Broader knowledge of business processes.
New skills for future leadership roles.
Increased quality of work life.
Feelings of satisfaction and commitment.
A sense of being part of something greater than what one could accomplish alone.
The important phrase is "sharing one aim". It is having a shared goal that distinguishes a group from a team, and without understanding and commitment to that goal, all other attempts at building better performance will have limited value. It is therefore of the highest priority to have a firm foundation of:
there being a common goal for which everyone has shared responsibility
everyone understanding that goal and feeling committed to it
Aside from any required technical proficiency, a wide variety of social skills are desirable for successful teamwork, including:
The Team Building Model. In order to know what to expect with team building it is prudent to explore a few team building models. The arguably most famous and easy model to remember is that of Bruce Tuckman (1965), which designates four stages of team development: Stage 1. Forming . Stage 2. Storming . Stage 3. Norming . Stage 4. Performing.
1. As each goose flaps its wings it creates an "uplift" for the birds that follow. By flying in a "V" formation, the whole flock adds 71% greater flying range than if each bird flew alone.
People who share a common direction and sense of community can get where they are going quicker and easier because they are travelling on the thrust of one another.
2. When a goose falls out of formation, it suddenly feels the drag and resistance of flying alone. It quickly moves back into formation to take advantage of the lifting power of the bird immediately in front of it.
If we have as much sense as a goose we stay in formation with those headed where we want to go. We are willing to accept their help and give our help to others.
3. When the lead goose tires, it rotates back into formation and another goose flies to the point position.
It pays to take turns doing the hard tasks and sharing leadership. As with geese, people are interdependent on each other's skills, capabilities and unique arrangements of gifts, talents or resources.
4. The geese flying in formation honk to encourage those up front to keep up their speed.
We need to make sure our honking is encouraging. In groups where there is encouragement, the production is much greater. The power of encouragement (to stand by one's heart or core values and encourage the heart and core of others) is the quality of honking we seek.