SUBMITTED BY,
ARYADIPTA JENA
MBA (POWER
MANAGEMENT)
NPTI, CAMPS, FARIDABA
D
Objective of Project












To study and analyze region wise demand and availability of
Electricity to determ...
ABOUT THE ORGANISATION
In this presentation…..
Indian Power Market Scenario
Power Trading Market
Indian Energy Exchange
Open Access Power Sales
M...
Indian Power Market scenario
Trend of Power Requirement
1200000

1000000

800000

Requirement(2013-14) MU

600000

Requirement(2012-13) MU
Requirement(...
Trend of Power Availability
1200000

1000000

800000

600000
Availability(2013-14) MU
400000

Availability(2012-13) MU
Ava...
Trend of Power Deficit region wise20000

0
NR

WR

SR

ER

NER

All India

-20000
Surplus(+)/Deficit(-) (2013-14) MU
-4000...
Growth in term of resources
Fuel

Installed as
may-2012

Installed as
may-2013

Growth in %

Coal

1,13,782.38

1,31,628.3...
250,000.00

200,000.00

150,000.00

100,000.00

INSTALLED AS ON MAY-12 IN MW
INSTALLED AS ON MAY-13 IN MW

50,000.00

0.00
Power Trading Market







There were 42 trading licensees as on 30.04.2013.
But only 21 have engaged in trading dur...
Price Analysis of Top 4 Trading
Companies for jan-13 to may-13
Weighted avg.Purchase price at trading licencees
6
5.43

5....
Price of electricity transacted through
traders as on april-13
Sale Price of Traders (Rs/kWh),April 2013

9

8.04
8
7
6
5
...
Price of electricity transacted through
traders(time wise) as on april-13
Sale Price of Traders (Rs/kWh),April 2013
4.7
4....
Price of electricity transacted through
power exchange , April 2013
25

Price of electricity transacted through power exch...
Trend of Indian Energy Exchange Price
Analysis region wise 6.72
6.52

7

6
5.12
5

4

3.47
3.11 3.04

3.4
3.02

3.09

3.39...
Open Access Power Sales
Mechanism
Long Term Open Access
Medium Term Open
Access
Short Term Open Access
Long Term Open Access
Bidding Mechanism

Case 1
•
Location/technology/fuelnot specified
• Bidder responsible for
clearance...
Medium Term Open Access
Power transfer in MW
3000

2846.2

2500
2000
1500
1000

626

710
408.5

500

200

150

175

0
Tota...
Short Term Market
1) 90% of electricity is
transacted through long
term basis.
2) Remaining 9.81% is
transacted through th...
UNSCHEDULED INTERCHANGE
• Comparison of top 5 exporter through UI
2500

2221.02
2028.4

2000
1500

1225.15

1000
500

601....
UI cont…….
4000
3500

3000

total vol (MU) import in 2011-12
total vol(MU) import In 2012-13

2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0

...
CRRIDOR ANALYSIS
Eastern

To

 TTC = 830 MW
ATC =830 MW
 RTC = 0 MW
For LTOA & MTOA = 612 MW
 For STOA =218 MW

South...
Northern

to

 TTC = 2500 MW
 RTC = 500 MW
 ATC = 2000 MW
For LTOA & MTOA = 286 MW
 For STOA = 1714 MW

Western
western



to

southern

TTC & ATC = 1000MW for only LTOA and MTOA.
 There is no power transfer capability available for...
Eastern

To

 In this region TTC = 4000 MW
 RTC = 300 MW
 for LTOA and MTOA = 2189 MW
 FOR STOA = 1511 MW

Northern
Northern

To

 TTC = 1100 MW
 ATC = 900 MW
 RTC = 200 MW
 For LTOA and MTOA allowed = 0 MW
 For STOA allowed = 900 MW...
RECOMENDATION


Sterlite Energy Ltd supply 600MW of power to Grid
Corporation of Orissa through Bilateral agreement and o...
RECOMENDATION CONT…..


The Sterlite Energy Ltd can put it’s power sell bid
on the Indian Energy Exchange (IEX) by analys...
RECOMENDATION CONT……


The Sterlite Energy Ltd can supply power to bulk
power consumer through Open Access. With
permissi...
RECOMENDATION CONT……


Vedanta Aluminium Ltd can sign a long term
Power Purchasing Agreement (PPA) with Sterlite
Energy L...
Present and future power market analysis
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Present and future power market analysis

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Present and Future of Indian Power Sector.

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Transcript of "Present and future power market analysis"

  1. 1. SUBMITTED BY, ARYADIPTA JENA MBA (POWER MANAGEMENT) NPTI, CAMPS, FARIDABA D
  2. 2. Objective of Project         To study and analyze region wise demand and availability of Electricity to determine peak shortage and total energy deficit. To study and analyze the power market size and structure. To identify the need and importance of an efficient short term power market. To analyse Volume and Price of short term Power market Benchmarking of Trading Licensee To understand the development process of various developed power market and identify various successful market tools that can be implemented in India. To identify states for investment opportunities through analysis of different market parameters influencing the power market. To understand the various risk associated with Short term power market for various stakeholders.
  3. 3. ABOUT THE ORGANISATION
  4. 4. In this presentation….. Indian Power Market Scenario Power Trading Market Indian Energy Exchange Open Access Power Sales Market Unschedule Interchange Corridor Research
  5. 5. Indian Power Market scenario
  6. 6. Trend of Power Requirement 1200000 1000000 800000 Requirement(2013-14) MU 600000 Requirement(2012-13) MU Requirement(2010-11) MU 400000 200000 0 Northern Western Southern Eastern North-Eastern All India
  7. 7. Trend of Power Availability 1200000 1000000 800000 600000 Availability(2013-14) MU 400000 Availability(2012-13) MU Availability(2010-11) MU 200000 0 •Availability of electricity is increasing consistently. •The total installed capacity In may 2012 was 2,01, 637 MW and in may 2013 it increased to 2,25,133 MW having an growth of 11.65%.
  8. 8. Trend of Power Deficit region wise20000 0 NR WR SR ER NER All India -20000 Surplus(+)/Deficit(-) (2013-14) MU -40000 Surplus(+)/Deficit(-) (2012-13) MU Surplus(+)/Deficit(-) (2010-11) MU -60000 -80000 -100000  All India Power deficit has reduced as compared to previous year but it still having 6.7%.  Southern region having highest power deficit 19.1%.  Northern ,Western and North Eastern region having deficit 5.8%, 1.2% and 11.3% respectfully.  Only Eastern region having surplus power 10.2%
  9. 9. Growth in term of resources Fuel Installed as may-2012 Installed as may-2013 Growth in % Coal 1,13,782.38 1,31,628.39 15.68 Gas 18381.05 20359.85 10.77 Total Thermal 1,33,363.18 153187.99 14.87 RES 24503.45 27541.72 12.40 Total 2,01,637.03 225133.11 11.65
  10. 10. 250,000.00 200,000.00 150,000.00 100,000.00 INSTALLED AS ON MAY-12 IN MW INSTALLED AS ON MAY-13 IN MW 50,000.00 0.00
  11. 11. Power Trading Market      There were 42 trading licensees as on 30.04.2013. But only 21 have engaged in trading during April 2013. Top 5 trading licensees had a share of 68.91% in the total volume traded by all the licensees. Sterlite energy Ltd has sold highest electricity 13.67% through bilateral in April 2013 . PTC is having 22.83% of total electricity traded.
  12. 12. Price Analysis of Top 4 Trading Companies for jan-13 to may-13 Weighted avg.Purchase price at trading licencees 6 5.43 5.43 5 4.89 4.3 4.2 4.38 4.37 3.73 4 4.2 4.1 3.73 4.53 3.7 4.15 4.28 4.15 3.76 3.48 3.1 3 Tata trading NVVNL PTC NETS 2 1 0 Jan-13 Feb-13 0 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Lanco trading has higher price rate then other trading licensees.
  13. 13. Price of electricity transacted through traders as on april-13 Sale Price of Traders (Rs/kWh),April 2013 9 8.04 8 7 6 5 4.55 4 3 Sale Price of Traders (Rs/kWh),April 2013 2.9 2 1 0 Minimum Maximum Weighted Average
  14. 14. Price of electricity transacted through traders(time wise) as on april-13 Sale Price of Traders (Rs/kWh),April 2013 4.7 4.6 4.63 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.12 4.1 4 3.9 3.8 RTC Peak Off-peak Sale Price of Traders (Rs/kWh),April 2013
  15. 15. Price of electricity transacted through power exchange , April 2013 25 Price of electricity transacted through power exchange , April 2013 19.6 20 15 Price of IEX (Rs/kWh),April 2013 Price of PXIL(Rs/kwh),Aprill 2013 10 5 5 3.74 2.71 1.31 1.31 0 Minimum Maximum Weighted Average
  16. 16. Trend of Indian Energy Exchange Price Analysis region wise 6.72 6.52 7 6 5.12 5 4 3.47 3.11 3.04 3.4 3.02 3.09 3.39 3.15 3.22 2010 3.6 3.32 3.16 3.18 2011 2012 3 2.3 2.49 2.27 2.43 2013 2 1 0 north east eastern northern southern Western The price of electricity in Energy Exchange is decreasing in all region accept southern region. Due to highly shortage of electricity in southern region price of electricity in Energy Exchange is increasing.
  17. 17. Open Access Power Sales Mechanism Long Term Open Access Medium Term Open Access Short Term Open Access
  18. 18. Long Term Open Access Bidding Mechanism Case 1 • Location/technology/fuelnot specified • Bidder responsible for clearances/approvals • Relevant for state with limited fuel supply • higher risk for developer • Lower risk for state Case 2 •Land/fuel provided by procurer •Procurer will take clearances/approvals •Relevant for states with fuel source/having coastal area •Higher risk for state •Lower risk for developer
  19. 19. Medium Term Open Access Power transfer in MW 3000 2846.2 2500 2000 1500 1000 626 710 408.5 500 200 150 175 0 Total Total Western to Western to southern Western Total Eastern to southern Total Eastern to Eastern Total Total Total Northern to Northern to southern to southern Eastern southern Highest power sales from western to southern Power is not able to sell southern region due to transmission constraint.
  20. 20. Short Term Market 1) 90% of electricity is transacted through long term basis. 2) Remaining 9.81% is transacted through the short term basis. 3) In short term market electricity is transacted through bilateral, power exchange or UI . 4) Bilateral covers 45.35% of total short term power market with constitute 35.46% - traders and term ahead contract in PX and 9.81% - directly between distribution company.
  21. 21. UNSCHEDULED INTERCHANGE • Comparison of top 5 exporter through UI 2500 2221.02 2028.4 2000 1500 1225.15 1000 500 601.74 594.1 373.19 310.86 527.8 495.29 673.67 total vol (MU) export in 2011-12 total vol (MU) export In 2012-13 0  Gujrat is all time higher exporter through UI.
  22. 22. UI cont……. 4000 3500 3000 total vol (MU) import in 2011-12 total vol(MU) import In 2012-13 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0  Uttar Pradesh is the highest importer due to the high demand.
  23. 23. CRRIDOR ANALYSIS Eastern To  TTC = 830 MW ATC =830 MW  RTC = 0 MW For LTOA & MTOA = 612 MW  For STOA =218 MW Southern
  24. 24. Northern to  TTC = 2500 MW  RTC = 500 MW  ATC = 2000 MW For LTOA & MTOA = 286 MW  For STOA = 1714 MW Western
  25. 25. western  to southern TTC & ATC = 1000MW for only LTOA and MTOA.  There is no power transfer capability available for short term open access (STOA).  The reliability margin between western region to southern region is zero.
  26. 26. Eastern To  In this region TTC = 4000 MW  RTC = 300 MW  for LTOA and MTOA = 2189 MW  FOR STOA = 1511 MW Northern
  27. 27. Northern To  TTC = 1100 MW  ATC = 900 MW  RTC = 200 MW  For LTOA and MTOA allowed = 0 MW  For STOA allowed = 900 MW Eastern
  28. 28. RECOMENDATION  Sterlite Energy Ltd supply 600MW of power to Grid Corporation of Orissa through Bilateral agreement and other 600MW through short term open access (STOA). It can sell it’s power in power trading market to different open access consumers in different region of India to get maximum per unit price. The trading price in southern region is highest compare to other region in the country, so they should try to sell more volume of power to southern region for high gain for per unit power sold.
  29. 29. RECOMENDATION CONT…..  The Sterlite Energy Ltd can put it’s power sell bid on the Indian Energy Exchange (IEX) by analysing different transmission corridor, availability transfer capability (ATC) and peak demand of different region . They can sell maximum volume of power in IEX which will generate revenue for operation of plant and also for the organisation.
  30. 30. RECOMENDATION CONT……  The Sterlite Energy Ltd can supply power to bulk power consumer through Open Access. With permission from concern SLDC, transmission utility, state electricity board it can supply to intrastate and interstate Open access consumer by paying transmission charges, wheeling charges, transmission loss charges and other surcharges as per agreement. This power sell through Open access to bulk consumer will generate revenue and also will help to increase the Plant Load Factor (PLF).
  31. 31. RECOMENDATION CONT……  Vedanta Aluminium Ltd can sign a long term Power Purchasing Agreement (PPA) with Sterlite Energy Ltd to purchase power for it’s new aluminium smelter plant. This will benefit Vedanta Aluminium Ltd by purchasing power in low price by without paying cross subsidy charges, transmission charges and other surcharges to the distribution company.
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