Millenium Development Goals (Complete)


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Millennium Development Goals of United Nations to be achieved on 2015

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Millenium Development Goals (Complete)

  1. 1. What are the UN United Nations Millennium Development Millennium Development Goals Goals? Why they are important, and how you can help.
  2. 2. Outline • What is the United Nations (UN) and what is its purpose? • What are the UN Millennium Development Goals? • What progress has been made? • Why are the UN Millennium Development Goals important? • How can you help?
  3. 3. United Nations (UN) • The United Nations was formed in 1945 • It now has 193 Member States • The organization has 4 main purposes – Peace and Security – Development – Human Rights – Harmonizing the relationships and actions of nations
  4. 4. UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) • The UN MDGs are big, audacious 15-year goals, designed to help the world make progress towards an envisioned future. • They were designed to: • Be clear and compelling • Be a unifying focal point • Catalyze team spirit • Have a clear finish line
  5. 5. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have been the most successful global anti-poverty push in history.
  6. 6. Significant and substantial progress has been made in meeting many of the targets—including halving the number of people living in extreme poverty and the proportion of people without sustainable access to improved sources of drinking water.
  7. 7. The proportion of urban slum dwellers declined significantly. Remarkable gains have been made in the fight against malaria and tuberculosis. There have been visible improvements in all health areas as well as primary education.
  8. 8. More than 2.5 billion people lack improved sanitation facilities, of which one billion continue to practice open defecation, a major health and environmental hazard. Our resource base is in serious decline, with continuing losses of forests, species and fish stocks, in a world already experiencing the impacts of climate change.
  9. 9. OLPC - 6 year effort to provide educational opportunities for the world's most isolated and poorest children by giving each child a rugged, lowcost, low-power, connected laptop The Human Genome Project – 15 year effort to identify all 15,00020,000 genes in human DNA, completed in just 10 years.
  10. 10. Millennium Development Goals
  11. 11. Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  12. 12. Targets: • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day. • Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people. • Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
  13. 13. Education can help lift people out of poverty.
  14. 14. An education opens doors to jobs and credit. One year of schooling can increase a person's earnings by 10%; each additional year of schooling can lift average annual GDP by 0.37%. Greater equity in education can help fuel a virtuous cycle of increased growth and accelerated poverty reduction, with benefits for the poor and for society as a whole.
  15. 15. Education equips people with the knowledge and skills they need to increase income and expand employment opportunities. When education is broadly shared and reaches the poor, women and marginalized groups, it holds out the prospect that economic growth will be broadly shared. On the other hand, poverty pushes children out of school and into work because parents cannot afford to educate their children.
  16. 16. Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
  17. 17. Target: • Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
  18. 18. Every child has the right to go to school, but millions are still being left behind.
  19. 19. Universal primary education involves entering school at an appropriate age, progressing through the system and completing a full cycle.
  20. 20. Today, there are over 30 million more children in school than in the beginning of the decade. There have been some remarkable success stories. Primary school enrolments have increased dramatically in sub-Saharan Africa as well as in in South and West Asia.
  21. 21. In Ethiopia there are three million more children in school than in 2000, thanks to an ambitious rural school construction program and the abolition of primary school fees - a widespread obstacle to universal primary education. However, there are 72 million children still out of school. Nearly half of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa. On current trends, 56 million children could still be out of school by 2015.
  22. 22. Of those students enrolled in school, millions drop out or leave school without having gained the most basic literacy and numeracy skills. Additionally, pupil/teacher ratios in many countries are in excess of 40:1 and a severe teacher shortage exists.
  23. 23. The goal of education for all children will not be reached unless we reach the children who are being left behind.
  24. 24. Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
  25. 25. Target: • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
  26. 26. Equal schooling for both boys and girls is the foundation for development.
  27. 27. No other policy intervention is likely to have a more positive multiplier effect on progress across all the MDGs than the education of women and girls. Evidence shows a strong correlation between educating women and girls and an increase in women’s earnings, improved child and family health and nutrition, an increase in school enrolment, protection against HIV infection, higher maternal and child life expectancy, reduced fertility rates and delayed marriage.
  28. 28. Several million more girls are now in school compared with 2000 and girls’ access to education has markedly improved in some countries, such as Bangladesh, Benin and Nepal. India is approaching gender parity in terms of enrolment.
  29. 29. Nevertheless, there are still more boys than girls attending school in many countries. Some 54 per cent of the world’s out-of-school children are girls. Twenty-eight countries have less than 90 girls in school per 100 boys. In many countries, girls are faced with barriers to education ranging from negative attitudes to the burden of household work and distance to school. Special efforts – from recruiting female teachers to supporting poor families to making schools more girl-friendly – are needed to redress the balance.
  30. 30. Of the 759 million adults who cannot read or write, around two-thirds are women. This proportion has remained unchanged since 2000.
  31. 31. Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
  32. 32. Targets: • Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
  33. 33. Education saves young lives.
  34. 34. Educating a girl greatly reduces the chance that her child will die before the age of five. In many countries, having a mother with secondary or higher education more than halves the risk of child mortality compared to having a mother with no education. Having a mother with primary education reduces child death rates by almost half in the Philippines and around one third in Bolivia.
  35. 35. Evidence shows a strong correlation between educating women and girls and higher maternal and child life expectancy as well as improvements in child and family health and nutrition. Girls and women who are educated are far more likely to immunize their children. Their children are less likely to be malnourished. In Niger, the child of a woman with secondary education is over four times less likely to be malnourished than the child of a woman with no education.
  36. 36. Having a mother who had completed primary education reduces the risk of stunting by 22 per cent in Bangladesh and 26 per cent in Indonesia.
  37. 37. Goal 5: Improve maternal health
  38. 38. Targets: • Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio. • Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health.
  39. 39. Fewer mothers would die if they had education.
  40. 40. Maternal education is one of the strongest antidotes to childbearingrelated risks. Educating girls and women empowers them to make better health-related decisions.
  41. 41. Complications in pregnancy and childbirth are a leading cause of death and disability among women of childbearing age, claiming over 500,000 lives a year. Girls who are educated are more likely to seek antenatal care.
  42. 42. The world’s most dangerous place to give birth is Niger, where women face a 1 in 7 chance of fatality. The odds in rich countries average 1 in 8000.
  43. 43. Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  44. 44. Targets: • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS. • Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it. • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.
  45. 45. Education is the best vaccine against HIV and AIDS.
  46. 46. Data: With an estimated 6,800 people newly infected with HIV every day, education must be at the forefront of any response to HIV and AIDS. Education can impart knowledge and skills and encourage positive attitudes and behavior that will reduce a person’s chance of getting HIV. Educational institutions take a central role in HIV prevention efforts because they are the best way to reach large numbers of young people. Similarly, school health, awareness and hygiene programms help to combat malaria and other diseases
  47. 47. Progress is being made, but national education sectors need to reinforce their pivotal role. One study, covering thirtytwo countries, found that women with post-primary education were five times more likely than illiterate women to know about HIV/AIDS.
  48. 48. Education has been recognized to be a key element of effective HIV prevention. Even in the absence of HIV-specific interventions, education offers an important measure of protection against HIV. The Global Campaign for Education has estimated that universal primary education would prevent 700,000 new HIV infections each year. Education reduces the vulnerability of girls, and each year of schooling offers greater protective benefits.
  49. 49. Recent survey data from 64 countries indicate that only 40% of males and 38% of females aged 15-24 have comprehensive and correct knowledge about HIV and how to avoid transmission. These levels are far short of the target established at the UN General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS) of 95% by 2010.
  50. 50. School-based HIV education offers a very cost-effective approach to prevention as schools provide a practical means to reach large numbers of young people from diverse social backgrounds.
  51. 51. Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
  52. 52. Targets: • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources. • Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss.
  53. 53. • Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. • By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.
  54. 54. Education is an agent for sustainable development.
  55. 55. Education helps individuals to make decisions that meet the needs of the present without compromising those of future generations. Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) addresses key issues such as poverty reduction, sustainable livelihoods, climate change, gender equality, corporate social responsibility and protection of indigenous cultures.
  56. 56. ESD can help us to live sustainably. It aims to change the way we think, behave, look at the world, interact with nature and address social, economic and environmental problems. Governments are realizing this: according to a recent survey, 79 countries now have a national ESD coordination body.
  57. 57. Goal 8: Develop global partnerships for development
  58. 58. Targets: • Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system. • Address the special needs of the least developed countries. • Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.
  59. 59. • Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries . • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries. • In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.
  60. 60. A global partnership is needed to fill the financial gap for education
  61. 61. Aid for basic education in the world’s poorest countries came to only US$2.7 billion in 2007, a far cry from the $US16 billion needed annually to reach education-related development goals.
  62. 62. Developing countries can also do more – by making education a priority. If low-income countries spent 0.7% of their GDP on education, it could make about US$7 billion available per year for basic education.
  63. 63. What progress has been made? • Let’s take a look at what progress has been made so far. • Remember, we have just over one year left to accomplish these goals.
  64. 64. What progress has been made? • The target of reducing extreme poverty by half was met in 2010, five years ahead of the deadline. • The proportion of people lacking dependable access to improved sources of drinking water was halved by 2010. • There has been a significant improvement in the lives of over 200 million slum dwellers (double the 100 million target). • Primary school enrolment of girls now equals that of boys.
  65. 65. What progress has been made? • Many countries facing the greatest challenges have made significant progress towards universal primary education. • Child survival progress is gaining momentum. • Access to treatment for people living with HIV increased in all regions. • The world is on track to achieve the target of halting and beginning to reverse the spread of tuberculosis. • Global malaria deaths have declined.
  66. 66. What progress has been made? • Vulnerable employment has decreased only marginally over twenty years. • Decreases in maternal mortality are far from the 2015 target. • Use of improved sources of water remains lower in rural areas. • Hunger remains a global challenge. • The number of people living in slums continues to grow.
  67. 67. What can we learn from the UN MDGs? • S.M.A.R.T. goals work!
  68. 68. What can we learn from the UN MDGs? • The MDGs are interlinked — progress in one goal supports progress in others. • Gender equality and women’s empowerment have large multiplier effects on other MDGs. • Education also underpins the entire set of MDGs. • Eliminating major diseases improves child and maternal health, while contributing to higher productivity.
  69. 69. By using a holistic approach, leverage points are identified, where you can maximize impact for each unit of effort.
  70. 70. What can we learn from the UN MDGs? Environmental sustainability is needed both to achieve the MDGs and sustain progress. Investing in techniques that enhance agricultural productivity reduces hunger and improves the health and education status of households. Promoting employment-intensive growth positively impacts on many of the MDGs.
  71. 71. What do the UN MDGs mean to us? “Our most basic common link is that we all inhabit this planet. We all breathe the same air. We all cherish our children's future. And we are all mortal. “ ~ President John F. Kennedy
  72. 72. What do the UN MDGs mean to us? “This is the moment when we must come together to save this planet. Let us resolve that we will not leave our children a world where the oceans rise and famine spreads and terrible storms devastate our lands.” ~ President Barack Obama
  73. 73. What do the UN MDGs mean to us? “We need to think of the future and the planet we are going to leave to our children and their children.” ~ Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan
  74. 74. What do the UN MDGs mean to us? “The Earth is not a gift from our parents, it is a loan from our children” ~ Kenyan Proverb By all of us being part of the solution, we can together overcome some of society’s greatest challenges before the global population grows to 9 billion.
  75. 75. • With all of your help, the Millennium Development Goals can be achieved by 2015. • Be part of the solution to some of the world’s most pressing problems.
  76. 76. Thank You! Reported by Arvin Belgar