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WWI - WWII - Cold War - Korean War
 

WWI - WWII - Cold War - Korean War

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* Events that led to Cold War....

* Events that led to Cold War.
* Impacts of WWI.
* Impacts of Cold War.
* Treaty of Versailles and its impact on Germany.
* Causes of Korean War.
* Consequence of Cold War
* Cold War bringing Korean War

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  • Objectives for today: How did WWI end? What were political relations like in Europe following WWI?
  • Triple Entente and Triple Alliance
  • Wilhelm II flees to the Netherlands and Germany becomes a republicWilhelm: German KaiserWeimer Republic replaced him (it ended when Hitler rose to power). ----RUSSIA not mentioned.
  • Felt excitedConditions were bad in Russia, oppressive government, losing the warImpact of the Revolution—March Revolution—Czar is overthrown in March 1917 (people rioting for food and soldiers join)Nov. 1917 Lenin and the Bolsheviks take over the government March 1918 Russia and Germany have a treaty to end the warCivil war breaks out in Russia from 1918-1920 (Reds v. whites—didn’t like Lenin and sympathetic to the Czar) World War I and It’s aftermath:http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=A1EDA1F3-8DB3-414D-ACC3-5D3B3BE753E4&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
  • Soviets—are a group of socialist revolutionaries1922 USSRFor what? For economic benefits – trades, support, allies.
  • Lenin has a stroke, doesn’t die, but others start to vie for power like Stalin.1924 Lenin dies and Stalin (Man of Steel) rises to power
  • Successor of LeninCommunism through totalitarianism (government controls everything)Used terror and violence to make sure he was totally in chargeStalin is the leader going into the Korean War and he wants to spread communism Used Propaganda for his image and ruleSpread communism to China & KoreaStalin Video: http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=9D606085-134D-40AF-B216-7C0F71B3B9F9&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
  • Disillusionment—insecurity/despair
  • David Lloyd George (GB), Clemenceau (France), Woodrow Wilson (US)
  • Look through worksheet and summarize main ideas.
  • League of Nations: international association of nations whose goal it was to keep peace (Wilson’s idea, rejected by US congress)
  • What happens to Austria-Hungary? What happens to the Ottoman Empire? Are there any other changes that you can see?Austria Hungary lost the most territory. New nations are created: Austria, Czecholovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Poland, Lithuania, Lativa, Estonia, Finland) Since Russia left early it lost land to Poland and Romania
  • Germany felt humiliated and bitter, economically hurt Germany
  • Many Americans were not in favor of the U.S. entering the war and wanted to remain neutral.In 1915, the British passenger liner the Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine, killing 128 Americans and futher heightening tensions.http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/jazz/jb_jazz_wwi_1.html
  • Wilson had a vision of peace, while other nations were concerned with their own national security. They wanted to strip Germany of all of it’s war making power. Thus, Germany was punished and restricted.
  • Pg. 918Isolationists: the belief that political ties to other countries should be avoided. Entry into WWI was costly
  • Japan was a winner during the war.
  • After WWI, Germany becomes a Republic (Weimer Republic). Weihelm II flees, republic is established. Germany struggling economically. Didn’t raise taxes during war time, just printed off money. Same with war reparations—kept printing off money. Rapid inflation . Then Great Depression hits.Weimar Republic gets blamed for the depression/problems in Germany. Germans want to overturn the Treaty of VersaillesTurned to the strong leadership of hitler
  • Facists—extreme nationalism Hitler Videohttp://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=90B3BD51-BF83-4FB9-B574-E0067D585A4D&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
  • Lebensraum: living space Treaty of Versailles outraged and wanted to get land back
  • “Europe’s Victory is your prosperity.” Germany saw Russian territory as living space (lebensraum) for Germans; Name of German assault was Operation Barbarossa
  • Common goal—defeat Hitler, both want powerChange—different views on what to do with the world (East Europe, competing ideologiesWhy could communism and democracy not coexist?
  • Fear in the US that USSR/Communism is taking over the world
  • What does this mean? “Communism and capitalism could not exist in the same world” (pg. 967 text)Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. (wikipedia)
  • Increased fears that communism would spread throughout the world.

WWI - WWII - Cold War - Korean War WWI - WWII - Cold War - Korean War Presentation Transcript