Allergology is the study of allergy and hypersensitivity.
Angiology is the medical specialty which studies the vases of circulatory system and of the lymphatic system , i.e., arteries , veins and lymphatic vases, and its diseases .
Aviation medicine is a branch of medicine that applies medical knowledge to the human factors in aviation . Aviation medicine , also called flight medicine or aerospace medicine , is a branch of preventive or occupational medicine in which the patients/subjects are pilots and aircrews.
Cardiology is the branch of internal medicine dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels .
The field is commonly divided in the branches of
congenital heart defects ,
coronary artery disease ,
heart failure ,
valvular heart disease
and electrophysiology .
Physicians specializing in this field of medicine are called cardiologists .
Dentistry is the "evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity , maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body"
Dermatology is a branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its appendages (hair, sweat glands, etc).
The skin is the largest organ of the body and is the most visible
Venereology - the subspecialty that diagnoses and treats sexually transmitted diseases , and
Phlebology - the specialty that deals with problems of the superficial venous system , are in some countries part of a dermatologist's expertise.
Disaster Medicine category contains articles concerning all aspects of the provision of healthcare to disaster survivors and disaster responders before, during and after a disaster event both in the area of the disaster and areas distant from the disaster impact zone.
Endocrinology is the field of medicine that diagnoses and treats diseases of the endocrine organs or dysregulation of hormone homeostasis .
Andrology is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men . It is the counterpart to gynaecology , which deals with medical issues which are specific to women .
Endocrinology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the endocrine system and its specific secretions called hormones .
Gastroenterology is a specialty of medicine that diagnoses ( endoscopy ) and treats diseases of the gastrointestinal tract .
Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine whereby the digestive system and its disorders are studied. Liver disease (the field of hepatology ) is generally considered part of gastroenterology.
Immunology is the study of the immune system and its reaction to pathogens , as well as its malfunctions ( autoimmune diseases , allergies , rejection of organ transplants , immune deficiency ).
The medical field that deals with these diseases is called clinical immunology
Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates study of liver , gallbladder , biliary tree and pancreas as well as management of their disorders
Hematology ( American English ) or haematology ( British English ) is the branch of biology (physiology), pathology , clinical laboratory , internal medicine , and pediatrics that is concerned with the study of blood , the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases
Gynaecology or gynecology refers to the surgical specialty dealing with health of the female reproductive system ( uterus , vagina and ovaries ). Literally, outside medicine, it means "the science of women".
Obstetrics is the surgical speciality dealing with the care of a woman and her offspring during pregnancy , childbirth and the puerperium (the period shortly after birth)
Gerontology is the study of the social , psychological and biological aspects of aging .
Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on health care of the elderly. It aims to promote health and to prevent and treat diseases and disabilities in older adults .
Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine and pediatrics dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney
Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Specifically, it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central , peripheral , and autonomic nervous systems , including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. [
Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine and medical imaging that uses the nuclear properties of matter in diagnosis and therapy.
More specifically, nuclear medicine is a part of molecular imaging because it produces images that reflect biological processes that take place at the cellular and subcellular level.
Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies tumors ( cancer ) and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways, including the eye , brain , and areas surrounding the eye, such as the lacrimal system and eyelids .
Oral and maxillofacial surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is a recognized international surgical specialty.
Paleopathology is the study of ancient diseases . It is useful in understanding the past history of diseases, and uses this understanding to predict its course in the future.
Palliative care is any form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of disease symptoms , rather than striving to halt, delay or reverse progression of the disease itself or provide a cure .
The goal is to prevent and relieve suffering and to improve quality of life for people facing serious, complex illness
Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs , tissues , bodily fluids and whole bodies ( Autopsy ).
The term also encompasses the related scientific study of disease processes, called General pathology .
' Podiatric Medicine & Surgery
' Podiatric Medicine & Surgery is the field of medicine devoted to the study and treatment of disorders of the foot and ankle and lower extermity by all available systems and means.
Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics ) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants , children , and adolescents . The upper age limit ranges from age 14 to 18, depending on the country.
Psychiatry is a medical specialty which exists to study , prevent , and treat mental disorders in humans .
Pulmonology is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract . It is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas.
It is closely related to intensive care medicine when dealing with patients requiring mechanical ventilation .
Physical medicine and Rehabilitation
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), or physiatry , is a branch of medicine dealing with functional restoration of a person affected by physical disability. A physician who has completed training in this field is referred to as a physiatrist
Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics , devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases . Rheumatologists mainly deal with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues and allied conditions of connective tissues.
Radiology is the medical specialty directing medical imaging technologies to diagnose and treat diseases
Serology is the scientific study of blood serum . In practice, the term usually refers to the diagnostic identification of antibodies in the serum. Such antibodies are typically formed in response to an infection (against a given microorganism ), against other foreign proteins (in response, for example, to a mismatched blood transfusion ), or to one's own proteins (in instances of autoimmune disease ).
Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.
It is the study of symptoms, mechanisms, treatments and detection of poisoning , especially the poisoning of people.
Sports medicine specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating injuries related to participating in sports and/or exercise, specifically the rotation or deformation of joints or muscles caused by engaging in such physical activities
Urology is a medical and surgical specialty that deals with diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system . It overlaps with andrology , and interacts often with nephrology , the non-surgical specialty that deals with kidney disease.