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    Branches Of Medicine Ppt Branches Of Medicine Ppt Presentation Transcript

    • Branches of Medicine
    • Allergology
      • Allergology is the study of allergy and hypersensitivity.
    • Angiology
      • Angiology is the medical specialty which studies the vases of circulatory system and of the lymphatic system , i.e., arteries , veins and lymphatic vases, and its diseases .
    • Aviation medicine
      • Aviation medicine is a branch of medicine that applies medical knowledge to the human factors in aviation . Aviation medicine , also called flight medicine or aerospace medicine , is a branch of preventive or occupational medicine in which the patients/subjects are pilots and aircrews.
    • Cardiology
      • Cardiology is the branch of internal medicine dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels .
      • The field is commonly divided in the branches of
        • congenital heart defects ,
        • coronary artery disease ,
        • heart failure ,
        • valvular heart disease
        • and electrophysiology .
      • Physicians specializing in this field of medicine are called cardiologists .
    • Dentistry
      • Dentistry is the "evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity , maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body"
    • Dermatology
      • Dermatology is a branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its appendages (hair, sweat glands, etc).
      • The skin is the largest organ of the body and is the most visible
      • Venereology - the subspecialty that diagnoses and treats sexually transmitted diseases , and
      • Phlebology - the specialty that deals with problems of the superficial venous system , are in some countries part of a dermatologist's expertise.
    • Disaster Medicine
      • Disaster Medicine category contains articles concerning all aspects of the provision of healthcare to disaster survivors and disaster responders before, during and after a disaster event both in the area of the disaster and areas distant from the disaster impact zone.
    • Endocrinology
      • Endocrinology is the field of medicine that diagnoses and treats diseases of the endocrine organs or dysregulation of hormone homeostasis .
    • Andrology
      • Andrology is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men . It is the counterpart to gynaecology , which deals with medical issues which are specific to women .
    • Endocrinology
      • Endocrinology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the endocrine system and its specific secretions called hormones .
    • Gastroenterology
      • Gastroenterology is a specialty of medicine that diagnoses ( endoscopy ) and treats diseases of the gastrointestinal tract .
      • Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine whereby the digestive system and its disorders are studied. Liver disease (the field of hepatology ) is generally considered part of gastroenterology.
    • Immunology
      • Immunology is the study of the immune system and its reaction to pathogens , as well as its malfunctions ( autoimmune diseases , allergies , rejection of organ transplants , immune deficiency ).
      • The medical field that deals with these diseases is called clinical immunology
    • Hepatology
      • Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates study of liver , gallbladder , biliary tree and pancreas as well as management of their disorders
    • Haematology
      • Hematology ( American English ) or haematology ( British English ) is the branch of biology (physiology), pathology , clinical laboratory , internal medicine , and pediatrics that is concerned with the study of blood , the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases
    • Gynaecology
      • Gynaecology or gynecology refers to the surgical specialty dealing with health of the female reproductive system ( uterus , vagina and ovaries ). Literally, outside medicine, it means "the science of women".
      • Obstetrics is the surgical speciality dealing with the care of a woman and her offspring during pregnancy , childbirth and the puerperium (the period shortly after birth)
    • Gerontology
      • Gerontology is the study of the social , psychological and biological aspects of aging .
    • Geriatrics
      • Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on health care of the elderly. It aims to promote health and to prevent and treat diseases and disabilities in older adults .
    • Nephrology
      • Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine and pediatrics dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney
    • Neurology
      • Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Specifically, it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central , peripheral , and autonomic nervous systems , including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. [
    • Nuclear medicine
      • Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine and medical imaging that uses the nuclear properties of matter in diagnosis and therapy.
      • More specifically, nuclear medicine is a part of molecular imaging because it produces images that reflect biological processes that take place at the cellular and subcellular level.
    • Oncology
      • Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies tumors ( cancer ) and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist
    • Ophthalmology
      • Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways, including the eye , brain , and areas surrounding the eye, such as the lacrimal system and eyelids .
    • Oral and maxillofacial surgery
      • Oral and maxillofacial surgery is surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is a recognized international surgical specialty.
    • Paleopathology
      • Paleopathology is the study of ancient diseases . It is useful in understanding the past history of diseases, and uses this understanding to predict its course in the future.
    • Palliative care
      • Palliative care is any form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of disease symptoms , rather than striving to halt, delay or reverse progression of the disease itself or provide a cure .
      • The goal is to prevent and relieve suffering and to improve quality of life for people facing serious, complex illness
    • Pathology
      • Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs , tissues , bodily fluids and whole bodies ( Autopsy ).
      • The term also encompasses the related scientific study of disease processes, called General pathology .
    • ' Podiatric Medicine & Surgery
      • ' Podiatric Medicine & Surgery is the field of medicine devoted to the study and treatment of disorders of the foot and ankle and lower extermity by all available systems and means.
    • Pediatrics
      • Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics ) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants , children , and adolescents . The upper age limit ranges from age 14 to 18, depending on the country.
    • Pediatrics
    • Psychiatry
      • Psychiatry is a medical specialty which exists to study , prevent , and treat mental disorders in humans .
    • Pulmonology
      • Pulmonology is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract . It is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas.
      • It is closely related to intensive care medicine when dealing with patients requiring mechanical ventilation .
    • Physical medicine and Rehabilitation
      • Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), or physiatry , is a branch of medicine dealing with functional restoration of a person affected by physical disability. A physician who has completed training in this field is referred to as a physiatrist
    •  
    • Rheumatology
      • Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics , devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases . Rheumatologists mainly deal with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues and allied conditions of connective tissues.
    • Radiology
      • Radiology is the medical specialty directing medical imaging technologies to diagnose and treat diseases
    • Serology
      • Serology is the scientific study of blood serum . In practice, the term usually refers to the diagnostic identification of antibodies in the serum. Such antibodies are typically formed in response to an infection (against a given microorganism ), against other foreign proteins (in response, for example, to a mismatched blood transfusion ), or to one's own proteins (in instances of autoimmune disease ).
    • Toxicology
      • Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.
      • It is the study of symptoms, mechanisms, treatments and detection of poisoning , especially the poisoning of people.
    • Sports medicine
      • Sports medicine specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating injuries related to participating in sports and/or exercise, specifically the rotation or deformation of joints or muscles caused by engaging in such physical activities
    • Urology
      • Urology is a medical and surgical specialty that deals with diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system . It overlaps with andrology , and interacts often with nephrology , the non-surgical specialty that deals with kidney disease.
    • Presented by ARUN.V.I