Branches Of Medicine Ppt


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Branches Of Medicine Ppt

  1. 1. Branches of Medicine
  2. 2. Allergology <ul><li>Allergology is the study of allergy and hypersensitivity. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Angiology <ul><li>Angiology is the medical specialty which studies the vases of circulatory system and of the lymphatic system , i.e., arteries , veins and lymphatic vases, and its diseases . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aviation medicine <ul><li>Aviation medicine is a branch of medicine that applies medical knowledge to the human factors in aviation . Aviation medicine , also called flight medicine or aerospace medicine , is a branch of preventive or occupational medicine in which the patients/subjects are pilots and aircrews. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cardiology <ul><li>Cardiology is the branch of internal medicine dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels . </li></ul><ul><li>The field is commonly divided in the branches of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>congenital heart defects , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coronary artery disease , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>heart failure , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>valvular heart disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and electrophysiology . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physicians specializing in this field of medicine are called cardiologists . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dentistry <ul><li>Dentistry is the &quot;evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/or treatment of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral cavity , maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body&quot; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dermatology <ul><li>Dermatology is a branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its appendages (hair, sweat glands, etc). </li></ul><ul><li>The skin is the largest organ of the body and is the most visible </li></ul><ul><li>Venereology - the subspecialty that diagnoses and treats sexually transmitted diseases , and </li></ul><ul><li>Phlebology - the specialty that deals with problems of the superficial venous system , are in some countries part of a dermatologist's expertise. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Disaster Medicine <ul><li>Disaster Medicine category contains articles concerning all aspects of the provision of healthcare to disaster survivors and disaster responders before, during and after a disaster event both in the area of the disaster and areas distant from the disaster impact zone. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Endocrinology <ul><li>Endocrinology is the field of medicine that diagnoses and treats diseases of the endocrine organs or dysregulation of hormone homeostasis . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Andrology <ul><li>Andrology is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men . It is the counterpart to gynaecology , which deals with medical issues which are specific to women . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Endocrinology <ul><li>Endocrinology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the endocrine system and its specific secretions called hormones . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Gastroenterology <ul><li>Gastroenterology is a specialty of medicine that diagnoses ( endoscopy ) and treats diseases of the gastrointestinal tract . </li></ul><ul><li>Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine whereby the digestive system and its disorders are studied. Liver disease (the field of hepatology ) is generally considered part of gastroenterology. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Immunology <ul><li>Immunology is the study of the immune system and its reaction to pathogens , as well as its malfunctions ( autoimmune diseases , allergies , rejection of organ transplants , immune deficiency ). </li></ul><ul><li>The medical field that deals with these diseases is called clinical immunology </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hepatology <ul><li>Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates study of liver , gallbladder , biliary tree and pancreas as well as management of their disorders </li></ul>
  15. 15. Haematology <ul><li>Hematology ( American English ) or haematology ( British English ) is the branch of biology (physiology), pathology , clinical laboratory , internal medicine , and pediatrics that is concerned with the study of blood , the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases </li></ul>
  16. 16. Gynaecology <ul><li>Gynaecology or gynecology refers to the surgical specialty dealing with health of the female reproductive system ( uterus , vagina and ovaries ). Literally, outside medicine, it means &quot;the science of women&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Obstetrics is the surgical speciality dealing with the care of a woman and her offspring during pregnancy , childbirth and the puerperium (the period shortly after birth) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Gerontology <ul><li>Gerontology is the study of the social , psychological and biological aspects of aging . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Geriatrics <ul><li>Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on health care of the elderly. It aims to promote health and to prevent and treat diseases and disabilities in older adults . </li></ul>
  19. 19. Nephrology <ul><li>Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine and pediatrics dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney </li></ul>
  20. 20. Neurology <ul><li>Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Specifically, it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central , peripheral , and autonomic nervous systems , including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. [ </li></ul>
  21. 21. Nuclear medicine <ul><li>Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine and medical imaging that uses the nuclear properties of matter in diagnosis and therapy. </li></ul><ul><li>More specifically, nuclear medicine is a part of molecular imaging because it produces images that reflect biological processes that take place at the cellular and subcellular level. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Oncology <ul><li>Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies tumors ( cancer ) and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist </li></ul>
  23. 23. Ophthalmology <ul><li>Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine which deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways, including the eye , brain , and areas surrounding the eye, such as the lacrimal system and eyelids . </li></ul>
  24. 24. Oral and maxillofacial surgery <ul><li>Oral and maxillofacial surgery is surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is a recognized international surgical specialty. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Paleopathology <ul><li>Paleopathology is the study of ancient diseases . It is useful in understanding the past history of diseases, and uses this understanding to predict its course in the future. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Palliative care <ul><li>Palliative care is any form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of disease symptoms , rather than striving to halt, delay or reverse progression of the disease itself or provide a cure . </li></ul><ul><li>The goal is to prevent and relieve suffering and to improve quality of life for people facing serious, complex illness </li></ul>
  27. 27. Pathology <ul><li>Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs , tissues , bodily fluids and whole bodies ( Autopsy ). </li></ul><ul><li>The term also encompasses the related scientific study of disease processes, called General pathology . </li></ul>
  28. 28. ' Podiatric Medicine & Surgery <ul><li>' Podiatric Medicine & Surgery is the field of medicine devoted to the study and treatment of disorders of the foot and ankle and lower extermity by all available systems and means. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Pediatrics <ul><li>Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics ) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants , children , and adolescents . The upper age limit ranges from age 14 to 18, depending on the country. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Pediatrics
  31. 31. Psychiatry <ul><li>Psychiatry is a medical specialty which exists to study , prevent , and treat mental disorders in humans . </li></ul>
  32. 32. Pulmonology <ul><li>Pulmonology is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract . It is called chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. </li></ul><ul><li>It is closely related to intensive care medicine when dealing with patients requiring mechanical ventilation . </li></ul>
  33. 33. Physical medicine and Rehabilitation <ul><li>Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), or physiatry , is a branch of medicine dealing with functional restoration of a person affected by physical disability. A physician who has completed training in this field is referred to as a physiatrist </li></ul>
  34. 35. Rheumatology <ul><li>Rheumatology is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics , devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases . Rheumatologists mainly deal with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues and allied conditions of connective tissues. </li></ul>
  35. 36. Radiology <ul><li>Radiology is the medical specialty directing medical imaging technologies to diagnose and treat diseases </li></ul>
  36. 37. Serology <ul><li>Serology is the scientific study of blood serum . In practice, the term usually refers to the diagnostic identification of antibodies in the serum. Such antibodies are typically formed in response to an infection (against a given microorganism ), against other foreign proteins (in response, for example, to a mismatched blood transfusion ), or to one's own proteins (in instances of autoimmune disease ). </li></ul>
  37. 38. Toxicology <ul><li>Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the study of symptoms, mechanisms, treatments and detection of poisoning , especially the poisoning of people. </li></ul>
  38. 39. Sports medicine <ul><li>Sports medicine specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating injuries related to participating in sports and/or exercise, specifically the rotation or deformation of joints or muscles caused by engaging in such physical activities </li></ul>
  39. 40. Urology <ul><li>Urology is a medical and surgical specialty that deals with diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system . It overlaps with andrology , and interacts often with nephrology , the non-surgical specialty that deals with kidney disease. </li></ul>
  40. 41. Presented by ARUN.V.I