URBANIZATION IN CITY OF CURITIBA, BRAZIL
Metropolitan region (mrc)
Curitiba, Brazil was founded in 1693 by Portuguese explorers and has since become one
of the world's most efficient cities. Dubbed the “eco-capital” of the world, Curitiba proves
that with good governance and social cooperation, a clean, efficient, bustling urban center is
possible. Although part of an underdeveloped country, Curitiba manages to flourish and run
more efficiently than most developed, industrialized cities.
The urban population in Curitiba, Brazil is rapidly growing. With this population growth came
the development of squatter settlements. The population is still increasing in these
settlements. This makes Curitiba an example of the impact of extended urbanization in
environmentally vulnerable areas. The development of informal settlements within its water
supply watersheds has caused many issues. These settlements formed in areas where
certain services could not always available, such as sewage systems, water, and
transportation. These areas are located in areas that are environmentally at-risk.
In 1990, 42 % of the population was under the age of 18. This built-in population momentum
is expected to add another 1 million people to the population of Curitiba by the year 2020. In
recent years, population growth has finally slowed down; the 2006 estimate of Brazil’s rate
of population growth is 1.04%, a significant reduction from the past average of 4%. Although
Curitiba’s 2005 estimated population was 1.76 million (3.2 million in the entire metropolitan
area), the city operates smoothly and resourcefully, meeting the multiple needs of its
citizens with as few resources as possible.
2. A Brief History urbanization:
Brazil’s motto is known as “Order and Progress”, which is illuminated in their efforts to
form creative approaches to deal with overcrowding, poverty, pollution while dealing with
the strains of limited public spending.
1854- Population surpassed 50,000 people
1940- Curitiba experiencing rapid growth due to people being attracted to their
It is that thriving agriculture that brought three times the population to Curitiba, in
turn creating a high demand for a new transit system in order to keep up with the
Alfred Agache, an architect, was hired to reduce traffic congestion with the everpopulated streets.
Rerouted traffic patterns in an arc-like manner, creating patterns that stem out
from this city to reduce clogged streets downtown.
1960- Population increased to 430,00 people, therefore causing Agache’s plan to
be ill-suited for such growth.
Needed a new plan to reduce the ever-increasing flow of downtown traffic while
also proving accessible, cost efficient public transit system.
New architect, Lerner, created a new plan to add several main linear transit
arteries in an effort to increase the speed of routes in and out of the city- more
direct routes. Her plan was adopted in 1968.
1980- “Green Era”- The current transit system was expanded to include color
coding the bus lines.
1990’s- Population had reach 1.4 million people, clearly calling for another
reformation to the transit system.
EFFECT OF URBANIZATION IN CURITIBA
Turn of the 21st Century- Population had reached 1.8 million people.
After 1950, urbanization struck Curitiba which rapidly increased the city’s population, and
set its reputation as a regional hub for business.
Major effect- became 2nd largest car manufacturer in the country
Major effect- became best city for the financial sector and its investors to reside
Became large tourist area
Home to many industries including Nissan, Renault, Volkswagen, Audi, Volvo,
HSBC, Siemens, ExxonMobil, Electrolux and Kraft Foods, as well as many well
known national industries, such as Sadia, O Boticário, Positivo Informática.
3. POPULATION GROWTH AND URBANIZATION
Population growth rates