Pedestrian and Bicycle facility planning for kochi city region,part 1 study area introduction

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Pedestrian and Bicycle facility planning for kochi city region,part 1 study area introduction

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Pedestrian and Bicycle facility planning for kochi city region,part 1 study area introduction

  1. 1. PEDESTRIAN FACILITY PLANNING FOR KOCHI CITY REGION ARUN C BABU 12AR60R09 M C P 2 ND Y E A R
  2. 2. KOCHI CITY •Situated south west of Ernakulum district, in central Kerala. •Located facing the Arabian sea in the Ernakulum district of Kerala. •Commercial capital of Kerala . •Largest urban agglomeration in the state & 2nd largest on the western coast. CLIMATE •Kochi features a tropical monsoon climate. •Annual temperatures range between 23 to 31 °c (73–88 °f). • Average annual rainfall is 3,228.3 mm •South-west monsoon from June to September and northeast monsoon from October to December. Source : http://www.corporationofcochin.net/
  3. 3. PROFILE OF THE CITY – DEMOGRAPHY Literacy rate comparison Population of Kochi city 100 98 96 94 92 90 88 700,000 600,000 500,000 male female Kerala 400,000 Eranakulam Kochi city Source : Censes of India, 2011 Decadal growth rate (%) 300,000 20 200,000 16.63 10 10 5.65 0 100,000 0 average 1981 1991 2001 0.86 Decadal growth rate (%) 2011 Source : Censes of India, 2011 1981 1991 2001 2011 Persons 513,249 564,589 596,473 601,574 Males 258,323 283,432 295,351 296,668 Females 254,926 281,157 301,122 304,906 Source : Censes of India, 2011 •Nearly 2.5 lakhs people commute to the city center daily. •In the next 20 years, the population of Kochi city is expected to touch 2 million mark.
  4. 4. PROFILE OF THE CITY – ECONOMY Distribution of population according to occupational status Industry Private service service 0.12% 1.95% Business Government service 0.15% 2.61% Professional 3.97% Not specified Cultivator 14.58% 3.89% Economic base: Export and import Fishing Manufacturing industries like FACT, Travancore cochin chemicals, HMT, Apollo tyres, shipbuilding etc. Others 6.44% Casual laborer 13.22% Retired 6.11% Student 22.53% Unemployed 1.00% Housewife 23.42% Source: CDP, Kochi city Information technology and information technology enabled services: Wipro, TATA consultancy services and cognizant have an active presence in the city. Tourism sector Banking and finance sector Port activities Cochin stock exchange
  5. 5. PROFILE OF THE CITY - TRANPORT NETWORK ROAD NETWORK   The city has a road density of 1.03 km per 1,000 population and 6.47 km per sq km of developed area. NH 17, NH 47 and NH 49 connects city with other regions DISTRIBUTION OF ROAD NETWORK 3% 8% Arterial road 25% 64% Sub-arterial road Collector street Local streets DISTRIBUTION OF ROAD NETWORK IN KOCHI CITY ACCORDING TO RIGHT-OF-WAY 1% 8% 3% <5m 5m - 10 m 35% 53% 10m - 20 m 20 m - 30 m >40 m Source: Traffic and Transportation System Study for Cochin City, NATPAC, Final Report, October 2008 Source: CDP, Kochi city
  6. 6. PROFILE OF THE CITY- TRANPORT NETWORK RAIL NETWORK   • • Cochin City has the benefit of two major railway stations viz., Ernakulum Town (North), and Ernakulum Junction (South). Cochin City is connected to major urban centers in the State as well as to the up-country destinations through two major railway lines. These are, The Thiruvanathapuram-Thrissur railway line via Kottayam. The railway line from Kayamkulam to Ernakulam via Alappuzha. •WATER TRANSPORT NETWORK Kochi has a good network of inland waterway system consisting of backwaters, canals, lagoons and estuaries. National Waterway No.3 connecting Kollam and Kottappuram passes through the region. The State Water Transport Department (SWTD), Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation Corporation (KSINC) and private operators are providing passenger and cargo boat services to the nearby islands and industrial centers located in this region. AIR CONNECTIVITY Cochin International Airport (CIAL) , situated at Nedumbassery is about 28 km (17 mi) north of Kochi city, and handles both domestic and international flights.
  7. 7. STUDY AREA RAILWAY STATION BOAT JETTY KSRTC BUS STAND PRIVATE BUS STAND HIGH COURT INTERNATIONAL STADIUM MOBILITY HUB PROPOSED METRO STATIONS
  8. 8. STUDY AREA – TRIP CHARACTERISTICS PASSENGER AND VEHICULAR TRIPS AT OUTER CORDON POINTS Passenger Trips Vehicular Trips 121,514 120,401 112,674 •The average daily traffic varies from 21,347 PCUs to 60833 PCUs. 74,214 Internal to External •The traffic intensity is very high along the south rob on SA road which is of the order of 42,672 PCUs. 17,672 14,824 External to Internal External to External Source: RITES Primary Survey, 2000. 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 • The highest traffic is observed on the north ROB on the Banerji road followed by Kaloor on NH47. •About 44,000 vehicle trips and about 3.7 lakhs passenger trips are performed on an average day. VEHICULAR GROWTH TREND Goods Vehicle Bus/ Mini Bus Car/ Jeep/ Van 3 Wheelers 2 Wheelers Others 1989 - 1990 1994 - 1995 2002 - 2003 2003 - 2004 2004 - 2005 Source: Economic Review, Kerala State Planning Board
  9. 9. STUDY AREA – TRIP CHARACTERISTICS Distribution of person trips according to mode of travel in kochi city 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Percent Public bus 59.55 Inst bus Own car Own TW 2.49 7.19 Share Car Share TW Auto Taxi Walk Ferry/boa t Train Unspecifi ed 0.5 0.92 3.74 0.85 20.42 0.33 0.04 3.15 24.75 Distribution of person trips according to trip purpose in Kochi city 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Work Percentage of trip makers Part of work Personal business Shopping Recreation Social Education Back Home 32.28 1.34 2.53 1.77 3.9 4.92 3.29 49.96 Source: Transportation study of kochi city - NATPAC, Trivandrum
  10. 10. SCOPE OF STUDY Distribution of Drainage facility in Kochi city Distribution of foot path in Kochi city 2%6% 8% Foot path on one side Foot path on both side 92% 24% covered drain uncovered drain 68% No foot path . Source: NATPAC Report 2006, Master Plan study for CoC Distribution of Passenger Trips by Mode 80 70 internal to 60 external 50 40 external to 30 internal 20 external to 10 external 0 TOTAL Source: Comprehensive study for GCDA area by RITES. no drain . Source: NATPAC Report 2006, Master Plan study for CoC Distribution of vehicular Trips by Mode 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 car 2 bus auto wheeler internal to external external to internal external to external TOTAL Source: Comprehensive study for GCDA area by RITES.
  11. 11. AIM & OBJECTIVES  AIM - to asses the adequacy of pedestrian facilities in Kochi city region and formulate strategies and plans for pedestrian friendly urban transport for city region. To achieve this objectives, a) Asses existing condition of the roads b) Asses the existing pedestrian facilities c) Identify conflict points d) understand the density of pedestrian movement. e) Asses the feasibility of introduction of non motorised transport f) Asses the social economic and democratic profile on pedestrians and their travel characteristics through user surveys g) Formulation of suitable proposals for improving pedestrian mobility. h) proposals to improve the safety of pedestrian movement and reduction of vehicle-pedestrian conflicts.
  12. 12. METHODOLOGY Identification issues Primary data - Pedestrian and vehicular volume count survey - Pedestrian speed survey - Opinion survey Formulation of aim, objective and scope of study Literature review and case studies -Road inventory survey --user preference survey Secondary data - Land use maps - Traffic data - Parking data - Accident data Data collection Analysis Assessment Locating problem areas Pedestrian network guidlines Proposals Identification of potential and constraints
  13. 13. INDICATORS FOR PEDESTRIAN PROBLEMS 1. Volume-capacity ratio It is the ratio of demand flow rate to capacity for a traffic facility. a) V/C Ratio ≥ 1.0  Severe congestion b) V/C Ratio 0.75 to 1.0  Moderate congestion c) V/C Ratio 0.5 to 0.74  Limited congestion d) V/C Ratio < 0.5  No congestion The degree of congestion is defined as follows: Sp-So Dc = -------- * 100 Sp 2. Pedestrian-vehicle conflict Where Dc = Degree of Congestion Sp = Maximum Speed posted in km/h So = Observed Link Speed in km/h A value below 40 for degree of congestion is acceptable. •It reflects the intensity of pedestrian-vehicle conflicts on a link and is represented by PV2 values •For a road section with refuge, a value of PV2 greater than 2x108 and for a road section without refuge, PV2 value greater than 108 indicates a higher level of conflicts. •A divided carriageway could be considered to have reduced impact of PV2 value by 50%.
  14. 14.   • • • • • •  • • • • • • • • 3. WALKABILITY INDEX Factors affecting walkability include: presence or absence of quality footpaths, sidewalks or pedestrian right of way, traffic and roadway conditions, land use pattern, building accessibility safety among others The important infrastructure factors that influence the walkability are given below: Access to public transport services Presence of quality footpaths Street furniture Traffic volume, speed and wind conditions Buffers to moving traffic (curb side parking) Pedestrian crossings Aesthetics to nearby local destinations Shade or sun shine in appropriate seasons • MICRO CLIMATE ANALYSIS The pedestrian movement is affected by micro climate factors such as, • rain fall • humidity • atmospheric temperature • wind flow
  15. 15. REFERENCES       NATPAC Report 2006, Master Plan study for CoC. City development plan, Kochi http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernakulam http://www.corporationofcochin.net/ http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/kerala/kochi.htm http://censusindia.gov.in/
  16. 16. THANK YOU

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