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  • 1. BYARUN.M, KVM COLLEGE
  • 2. PHOBIASDEFINITION“Phobia is defined as a persistenceavoidance behavior secondary toirrational fear of a specific object,activity or situation..”
  • 3. PRE DISPOSING FACTORS OF PHOBIAPsycho analytical theoryLearning theoryCognitive theory
  • 4. BIOLOGICALASPECTS•Temperament•Life experience
  • 5. CRITERIASMarks has defined four criteria for phobiaThe fear is out of proportion to the demands ofthe situationIt cannot be explained or reasoned awayIt is beyond voluntary controlThe fear leads to an avoidance of the fearedsituation
  • 6. TERMS• Ailurophobia Cats•• Algophobia Pain•• Anthophobia Flowers
  • 7. Anthropophobia PeopleAquaphobia WaterArachnophobia SpidersAstraphobia Lightning
  • 8. • Belonephobia Needles• Brontophobia Thunder•• Claustrophobia Closed spaces• Cynophobia Dogs
  • 9. Dementophobia InsanityEquinophobia HorsesGamophobia MarriageHerpetophobia Lizards, reptilesHomophobia Homosexuality
  • 10. Murophobia MiceMysophobia Dirt, germs, contaminationNumerophobia NumbersNyctophobia Darkness
  • 11. Ochophobia Riding in a carOphidiophobia SnakesPyrophobia FireScoleciphobia Worms
  • 12. Siderodromophobia Railroads ortrain travelTaphophobia Beingburied aliveThanatophobia Death
  • 13. • Trichophobia Hair• Xenophobia Strangers• Zoophobia Animals
  • 14. MANAGEMENT Cognitive Supportive therapy Individual psychotherapy
  • 15. Behavioral therapyosystemic desensitizationoimplosion therapy(flooding)Regroup/family therapy
  • 16. PHARMACOLOGICAL MANAGEMENTAnxioliticsAntidepressantsAntihypertensive agents