Phobias (2)
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Phobias (2)

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Phobias (2) Phobias (2) Presentation Transcript

  • BYARUN.M, KVM COLLEGE
  • PHOBIASDEFINITION“Phobia is defined as a persistenceavoidance behavior secondary toirrational fear of a specific object,activity or situation..”
  • PRE DISPOSING FACTORS OF PHOBIAPsycho analytical theoryLearning theoryCognitive theory
  • BIOLOGICALASPECTS•Temperament•Life experience
  • CRITERIASMarks has defined four criteria for phobiaThe fear is out of proportion to the demands ofthe situationIt cannot be explained or reasoned awayIt is beyond voluntary controlThe fear leads to an avoidance of the fearedsituation
  • TERMS• Ailurophobia Cats•• Algophobia Pain•• Anthophobia Flowers
  • Anthropophobia PeopleAquaphobia WaterArachnophobia SpidersAstraphobia Lightning
  • • Belonephobia Needles• Brontophobia Thunder•• Claustrophobia Closed spaces• Cynophobia Dogs
  • Dementophobia InsanityEquinophobia HorsesGamophobia MarriageHerpetophobia Lizards, reptilesHomophobia Homosexuality
  • Murophobia MiceMysophobia Dirt, germs, contaminationNumerophobia NumbersNyctophobia Darkness
  • Ochophobia Riding in a carOphidiophobia SnakesPyrophobia FireScoleciphobia Worms
  • Siderodromophobia Railroads ortrain travelTaphophobia Beingburied aliveThanatophobia Death
  • • Trichophobia Hair• Xenophobia Strangers• Zoophobia Animals
  • MANAGEMENT Cognitive Supportive therapy Individual psychotherapy
  • Behavioral therapyosystemic desensitizationoimplosion therapy(flooding)Regroup/family therapy
  • PHARMACOLOGICAL MANAGEMENTAnxioliticsAntidepressantsAntihypertensive agents