MAJOR CONCEPTS : Kings theory of goal attainment focuses on theinterpersonal system and the interaction that takesplace between individuals – specifically in thenurse client association, the dyadic phase. Each member of the dyad perceives the other andmake judgments, action results and togetherthese activities culminant in reaction. When nurse perceive about patient and patientperceive about nurse communication willdevelop. When communication increases mutual goal
Satisfaction in nurses and patients increase goalattainment.So this theory helps us to assess the nursingfunction through interaction with individual andgroups with the environment.USES:It helps to assess the interpersonal relationshipbetween the nurse and patient.It helps us to assess the communication between thenurse and patient.
PERCEPTIONNURSECOMMUNICATIONPERCECTIONCLIENTCOMMUNICATIONTRANSATIONACTIONREACTIONDISTURBANCEMUTUALGOALSETTINGAGREETO MEANSEXPLOREMEANSCOUNCELLNGABOUT CLIENTBASED ON PREVIUSKNOWLEDGEAPPLICATION:- EgCouncellingDrugTherapyAcceptAbout nursebased onexperience &expectation
ADAPTATION MODEL (SISTER CALLISTAROY)MODEL:
MAJOR CONCEPTS:Man as a whole in made up of six sub systems. Thesesubsystems are the regulator, congnator and thefour adaptive models.Four adaptive models are interdepence, self concept,physiologic and role function.The four adaptive modes are interrelated to form acomplex system for real purpose of adaptation.Relationships between for adaptive modes occurswhen internal and external stimuli affect more thanone mode.
Regulators regulate four adaptive modes throughneuro chemical or endocrine activities.Cognator are the control subsystem. Control thebrain functions of perception of informationprocessing, judgement and emotion.Roys view the regulators and cognator as method ofcoping.When all six sub systems function well adaptativebehaviour will occur other wise ineffective responseor maladoptation will occurs.
USES:This theory can be used to identify ability ofindividuals in coping to the stimuli.This model helps the individual to develop skill inadopting behaviour.
PsychoSocialProblemRelatedToadolescencePhysiologicalNutrious dietSleep wellMaitain hygeineInterdependenceAbility to maintainGood relationshipWith friendsSeek help fromparentsSelf conceptIdea aboutadolescenceNot getting angryProper self controlListening musicCOPINGRole functionStudying wellPreparing notesMaking time tableAdoptationto thestimuliAPPLICATIONEg :-
How to use this model:INPUT THROUGH PUT OUT PUTAppraisal of factorscoping resourcescoping mechanismPsychosocioal AdaptiveProblemsRelated to Mal adaptiveadolesence
BEHAVIOR SYSTEM MODEL(DOROTHY E. JOHNSON )
MAJOR CONCEPTS:This theory shows the assessment of need of theindividual. It is a holistic assessment.This theory indicate individual is a system. It has 7sub systems like affiliative, dependency, ingestive,achievement, aggressive, eliminative and sexual subsystem. According to biological changes behaviouralso modified.This model helps to assess the biological needs.
It also helps to assess behaviour changes andwhich biological need modify or influence thisbehaviour.This model can be used to assess the personalitydevelopment, behaviour of the child and psycho-social aspect of the care. With this model the nurse can observe, hear or feelfind the feed back.
How to use this model:INPUT THROUGH PUT OUT PUTAssessing thebehaviouraspect andbiological needSupportivenursing careAssess themodification ofbehaviour
14 BASICNEEDSSocialSafetySpiritualPhysiologicalHygenicPsychologicBreath normallyEat&drink adequatelyEliminate wasteMaintain positionSleep&restMaintain temperatureCommunicatetoexpressemotions,fearsLearn,discoverorsatisfy-leadstonormallifeWork in such a way thatleads to a sense ofaccomplishmentPlay or participate invarious forms of recreationSuitable clothesKeep body cleanAvoid dangersWorship according to one’sfaithVIRGINIA HENDERSON
MAJOR CONCEPTS:According to Virginia Hendersons theory the person ispatient. The patients needs are encompassed by the14 components.The need include breath normally, eat, drinkadequately, eliminate body wastes, move and maintaindesirable position, sleep and rest, select suitableclothes, maintain body temperature, keep thebody clean, avoid dangers, communicate with others,worship, work, play and learn.
The 14 components of nursing care encompass allpossible functions of nursing.She views health in terms of the patients ability toperform unaided the 14 components of nursingcare.She also views the patient as an individual whorequires assistance to achieve health andindependence or peaceful death. The mind andbody are inseparable. The patient and family areviewed as a unit.
USES: This theory helps to assess the needs ofthe patient.Nurse can help the patient move to anindependent state by assessing, planning,implementing and evaluating each of the 14components of basic nursing care.