Trade Unions IGCSE


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Trade Unions IGCSE

  1. 1. Economics - Arun Khanchandani Trade Unions
  2. 2. What Is Trade Union? <ul><li>A trade union or labour union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types Of Trade Unions <ul><li>Craft or Skills Unions: These unions represent the skilled workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Musicians Union. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Unions : These unions represent the different industries. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Konkan Railway Employees Union </li></ul><ul><li>General Unions: They represent workers from different industries and any level of skill. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) </li></ul><ul><li>White Collar Unions: They represent office workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: National Union of Teachers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role of trade unions <ul><li>To negotiate better wages with the employers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic pay, Overtime payments, pensions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To negotiate the number of working hours </li></ul><ul><li>To ask for suitable holidays </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maternity & Paternity rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To demand for better working conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health rights, Safety rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unions also help with educating & training of workers to improve skills </li></ul>
  5. 5. Role of trade unions <ul><li>Unions sometimes participate in measures to improve product demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Unions sometimes provide workers benefits like pay during strikes, sickness & unemployment. </li></ul><ul><li>Some Unions are also known to run co-operative societies to offer benefits like loans at lower interest rates. </li></ul><ul><li>Unions work with the governments to introduce legislations to benefit workers – example fixing a national minimum wage. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why do workers join trade unions ? <ul><li>They believe that there is strength in number and they will be listened to when they in a group – Collective Bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>To get the benefits of advice, financial support and welfare activities carried out by Trade Unions. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved benefits for workers. </li></ul><ul><li>To pressurize the employer to provide them with a healthier and safer working environment. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Trade Unions & Collective Bargaining <ul><li>When trade unions are able to operate openly, have support from the majority workers and are recognized by employers, they may negotiate with employers over wages and working conditions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Trade Unions & Wage Claims <ul><li>Trade Unions demand wage increase on account of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard work & increased productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparing wages of similar workers – Comparability argument </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased cost of living </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Factors Affecting Trade Unions <ul><li>A High Level Of Economic Activity. </li></ul><ul><li>A High Number Of Members. </li></ul><ul><li>A High Level Of Skill. </li></ul><ul><li>A Consistent Demand For The Product. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Trade Unions & Industrial Actions <ul><li>Strike: when employees refuse to work </li></ul><ul><li>Picketing: When employees stand outside the workplace and prevent the smooth functioning of the firm. E.g. they may stop the movement of goods & raw material in and out of factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Work to Rule: It is when workers purposely follow all the rules as agreed in worker contracts in order to delay the progress of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Go slow: It is when the employees work at a very slow pace. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-cooperation: It involves workers refusing to follow a new procedure or rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime ban: It is when the employees refuse to work overtime or for additional hours of work apart from their normal working hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Labour Supply: Restrict hiring of new workers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Some Images Of Trade Unions
  13. 13. Some Trade Unions India <ul><li>A.P. Mica Mine Workers Union </li></ul><ul><li>Andhra Pradesh Auto Rickshaw Drivers and Workers Federation </li></ul><ul><li>Calcutta Hawkers' Men Union </li></ul><ul><li>Federation of Chatkal Mazdoor Unions </li></ul><ul><li>Nikhila Orissa Beedi Shramika Federation </li></ul><ul><li>Patiala Aviation Club Workers Union </li></ul><ul><li>Pondicherry Textile Labour Union </li></ul><ul><li>Powerloom Workers Union </li></ul><ul><li>Punjab Breweries Workers Union </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetable Market Workers Union </li></ul><ul><li>Visakha Steel Workers Union </li></ul>Click Here Lists Of Trade Union
  14. 14. Some Countries Where Unions Are Illegal <ul><li>Oman </li></ul><ul><li>Qatar </li></ul><ul><li>United Arab Emirates </li></ul><ul><li>Maldives </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq & Syria (Only 1 Trade Union Allowed) </li></ul>