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0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
0418 S03 Qp 2
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0418 S03 Qp 2

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  • 1. Centre Number Candidate Number Name CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education 0418/02 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Paper 2 May/June 2003 1 hour 15 minutes Candidates answer on the Question Paper. No Additional Materials are required. READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen in the spaces provided on the Question Paper. You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs, music or rough working. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Answer all questions. At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question. For Examiner’s Use If you have been given a label, look at the details. If any details are incorrect or missing, please fill in your correct details in the space given at the top of this page. Stick your personal label here, if provided. This document consists of 11 printed pages and 1 blank page. SP (SC) S39765/2 [Turn over © CIE 2003
  • 2. For 2 Examiner’s Use 1 Ring two output devices. CD ROM drive Keyboard Plotter Scanner Speaker Touchpad [2] 2 Ring two items which can store large amounts of data. Bar code CD ROM Graphics tablet Magnetic strip Magnetic tape Sensor [2] 3 Ring one item which allows musical instruments to be connected to a computer. Floppy disc Keyboard MIDI ROM [1] 4 A very large gas bill is received because the customer’s meter reading has been typed incorrectly into the customer database. Complete the sentence by ringing the correct answer. This mistake is caused by a ..................................................................................................... computer breakdown computer error human error virus [1] 5 Complete each sentence below using one item from the list. coding control data logging encryption a flowchart hacking an interview a virus the world wide web Maintaining the temperature of a room using a computer is an example of ............................ Space in a data file can be saved using .................................................................................. Analysis of an existing system can be done carrying out ........................................................ Illegal accessing of data is called ........................................................................................[4] 0418/02/S03
  • 3. For 3 Examiner’s Use 6 Tick two benefits of using computers in the office of a company which designs buildings. The company has a large number of customers. The employees know the names of the customers It is quick to find a customer’s record. Employees can produce the correct drawing. It is easier to edit drawings. Employees have more information about a customer. Employees can produce more drawings. [2] 7 A car showroom buys a computer with database software. The employees in the office will use it to keep records of the showroom’s customers and cars. (a) In the customer database, records can be searched to find particular customers. Give two other features which would be included in the database software. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] (b) The customer database is stored on a hard disc. State the type of access needed to retrieve a single record quickly. ......................................................................................................................................[1] (c) An employee has to type a car’s details into the car database. State two ways the data can be verified. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] (d) Name a device which could be used to input a photograph of a car into the database. ......................................................................................................................................[1] [Turn over 0418/02/S03
  • 4. For 4 Examiner’s Use (e) Some customers of the car showroom are worried that their personal data might be misused. State two ways in which the law prevents this data being misused? 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] (f) Give two ways in which office employees have been affected by the introduction of computers. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] 8 State two reasons why it is easier to steal data when it is stored on computer rather than on paper. 1 ............................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................. 2 ............................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................................[2] 9 Complete the sentences. (a) Bank cheques are read using .......................................................................................... (b) Many items can be accessed from a magnetic tape one after the other. This is called ……………………… access. (c) A software package which allows a computer to automatically manufacture goods from drawings is called ……………………… . [3] 0418/02/S03
  • 5. For 5 Examiner’s Use 10 Computers are now widely used in supermarkets. (a) Each item in a supermarket has a code number. State two ways in which this number may be entered into a point of sales (POS) terminal. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] (b) Write down a validation check which would be used to make sure the number had been entered correctly. ......................................................................................................................................[1] (c) Customers can pay for their shopping using credit or debit cards. Name two items of information stored on the magnetic strip of these cards. Item 1 ............................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... Item 2 ............................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] (d) State two checks that the computer would perform on the credit card. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] 11 Every day a school makes a back-up of all students’ files. Give two reasons why a back-up is made. 1 ............................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................. 2 ............................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................................[2] [Turn over 0418/02/S03
  • 6. For 6 Examiner’s Use 12 Tick two applications which use batch processing. On-line theatre reservation systems. Producing gas bills. Sending out reminders for overdue books. Controlling the temperature in a greenhouse. Air traffic control. Monitoring a patient’s heartbeat. [2] 13 A bookshop is in the process of computerising its stock keeping. A systems analyst is designing a database structure for the bookshop. The data about books will be stored in a book file. Each record will contain information about ISBN, title, name of author, paperback or hardback, price. The layout will be like: ISBN Title Name of Author Paperback Price or Hardback 0718102096 John Wyndham John Wyndham H £14.99 Omnibus 0709165595 Edward Longshanks Jean Plaidy H £12.99 0006163831 The One Tree Stephen Donaldson P £4.99 0590554662 The Vile Victorians Terry Deary P £3.99 1852251980 Clough – The Brian Clough H £16.99 Autobiography 0418/02/S03
  • 7. For 7 Examiner’s Use (a) State one field where the currency data type would be most appropriate. ......................................................................................................................................[1] (b) State one field where the Boolean/logical data type would be most appropriate. ......................................................................................................................................[1] (c) Write down which field would be best for use as the key field and give a reason for your choice. Field ................................................................................................................................. Reason ............................................................................................................................. ......................................................................................................................................[2] (d) After the system is designed it will be implemented. Describe two ways that the system could be implemented. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] (e) The systems analyst will provide the shop owner with technical documentation. List two items which will be contained in the documentation. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] (f) The systems analyst will provide the shop owner with user documentation. List two items, other than those above, which will be contained in the documentation. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] [Turn over 0418/02/S03
  • 8. For 8 Examiner’s Use 14 An oil company has decided that it is easier to communicate with their employees around the world by using video conferencing. They already have a networked computer system with several workstations. (a) Describe what is meant by video conferencing. Include in your answer a list of the additional hardware the company will have to buy for each workstation. .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[4] (b) Describe two advantages to the company of such a system. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... 2 ....................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] 15 A computer company has decided to develop an expert system to help doctors with their diagnoses of patient illnesses. (a) Describe the steps it will need to go through in order to create this system. .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[4] 0418/02/S03
  • 9. For 9 Examiner’s Use (b) Name two other applications which involve the use of expert systems. 1 ....................................................................................................................................... 2 ...................................................................................................................................[2] 16 A customer in a bookshop buys a book using a debit card. Information about the book and the customer’s bank account is input using the shop’s EFTPOS terminal. Checks are made on this input data. Describe how the bookshop’s computer and the customer’s bank computer deals with the transaction. Include in your answer descriptions of the input data and the checks which are performed. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. ..............................................................................................................................................[6] [Turn over 0418/02/S03
  • 10. For 10 Examiner’s Use 17 More and more people are using home banking services for organising their finances. Apart from security, describe one advantage and one disadvantage to the bank and the customer arising from these developments. To the bank: Advantage ................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................... Disadvantage ............................................................................................ ...............................................................................................................[2] To the customer: Advantage ................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................... Disadvantage ............................................................................................ ...............................................................................................................[2] 18 A company makes toys and then delivers them to shops. Throughout the day phone operators speak with shop owners and write down their orders on pieces of paper. At particular times during the day office employees take these pieces of paper and type up the orders. They then produce invoices for the shop owner. As soon as the drivers arrive in the morning they pick up the invoices. They spend the rest of the day making their deliveries to the shops. A systems analyst studies the current system and suggests a computerised system. (a) Describe possible methods of collecting information about the current system. .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[2] 0418/02/S03
  • 11. For 11 Examiner’s Use (b) For each group of employees suggest the most suitable method of collecting information and give reasons. .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[4] (c) The systems analyst decides that a database would be the best solution. Apart from the field names describe the other parts of the structure of the database which will be designed. .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................[4] 0418/01/S03
  • 12. 12 BLANK PAGE 0418/02/S03

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