ELECTRONIC JOURNAL PUBLISHING AND OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEMS (OJS) : AN OVERVIEW J.ARUMUGAM
INTRODUCTION The academic enterprise values publication in these journals and pressures libraries to acquire them. Since there are no substitutes for these journals, the publishers are able to command a high price. Thus we have artificially high prices and the journals pricing “crisis” that has existed for the last ten years. But, the shrinking library budget does not allow the librarian to subscribe all these journals.
IMPORTANT OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEMS Open Journal System (OJS) of Public Knowledge Project Ambra of Public Library of Science DPubs of Cornell University ePubTk of Edge Wall Software GAPworks of German Research Foundation SOAPS of SciX Scholarly Exchange ScopeMed
Open Journal System (OJS) OJS is open source software made freely available to journals worldwide for the purpose of making open access publishing a viable option for more journals, as open access can increase a journals readership as well as its contribution to the public good on a global scale
FEATURES OF OJS It can be installed and controlled locally. The Editor can configure requirements, sections, review process, etc. All contents can be submitted and managed online Allows subscription module with delayed open access options Comprehensive indexing of content part of global systems is feasible. Provides Reading Tools for content, based on field and editors choice. Readers are empowered to do email notification and commenting Availability of complete context-sensitive online Help support.
Ambra Ambra is freely available and allows scholarly publishers, societies, universities, or research communities to publish Open Access journals economically and efficiently. The platform is in active development by the Public Library of Science (PLoS). The following internationally renowned journals are being published using Ambra publishing platform. PLoS ONE PLoS Medicine PLoS Biology PLoS Computational Biology PLoS PathogensPLoS Genetics PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases PLoS Hub for Clinical Trials PLoS Collections Ambra is available at http://ambraproject.org/index.html
DPubs DPubS (Digital Publishing System) is an open-source software system designed to enable the organization, presentation, and delivery of scholarly journals, monographs, conference proceedings, and other common and evolving means of academic discourse.
Publishers can configure DPubS to deliver full-text content as well as to accept metadata in any file format. Publishers can also set the access controls to support subscription, open-access, or pay-per-view options and can configure DPubS to interoperate with institutional repositories such as Fedora. Enables publication, resource discovery, and delivery of journal, monographic, and grey literature with the same technology environment Scales well to support an expanding number and variety of publications A library-developed tool, designed with an understanding of sustainability and preservation issues, to support change in the scholarly communication environment Supports the building of a library-supported publishing program and facilitates cooperation with university presses
ePubTk of Edge Wall SoftwareePubTk is a python package providing tools which help in running/creating/maintaining a family of scientific online journals. The tools are packaged in various components - i.e. sub-packages - which may be used independently. It is available http://www.livingreviews.org
GAPworks of German Research Foundation GAPworks is the online publication system developed in the GAP project (funded by the German Research Foundation, DFG). GAPworks provides the necessary infrastructure for online publishing (including a peer-reviewing process) and online management of persons, roles and other elements of the publishing process. Various types of publications can be processed from submission to publication. Metadata are extracted in an OAI-PMH compatible format and made available to service providers. It is based on a PostgreSQL database and is programmed in PHP. The use of SMARTY templates allows individually designed interfaces. It is designed based on Unicode /UTF-8. Specific and individual support is done by the Institute for Science Networking. It is available at http://gapworks.berlios.de
SOAPS of SciX SciX Open Publishing Services (SOPS) is software that allows setting up various on-line scientific publishing media such as personal archives, institutional archives, topic & society archives, electronic journals, electronic conference proceedings, workflow support for the above. SOPS provides building blocks, such as repository, user management, discussions, ratings, reviews, review process support etc. It is freely available under an open source license. It is built on top of the WODA database and web services engine. SOPS is available at http://www.scix.net/sops.htm
Scholarly Exchange Scholarly Exchange emerged in 2002 to promote innovative, cost-efficient electronic-first approaches to scholarly publishing. Scholarly Exchange plays no role in the creation of the information or its ultimate ownership, only in the sharing of the highest quality of scholarship as determined by the scholars who produce it. Scholarly Exchange encourages its member journals to archive their published material in university and public open archives for long-term storage. It is available at http://www.scholarlyexchange.org/index.html
ScopeMed Scopemed is an Open Access Indexing and Online Manuscript Submission, Review and Tracking System and it is free of charge service of GESDAV, a non-profit foundation concerning education, health, social and contribution between alumni of Gulhane Medical Faculty, for peer reviewed scientific journals. The following are the basic details and advantages of ScopeMed; Free of charge for peer reviewed medical journals. Any peer reviewed journal could use Scopemed. Online Submission of manuscripts. Automatic production of PDF file of submitted manuscripts for reviewers. Online review of articles ScopeMed is available at www.scopemed.org
CONCLUSION When the commercial publishers are increasing the subscription prices of journals, the libraries attached to universities, colleges and R & D institutions are finding it very difficult to subscribe the core journals to cater to the knowledge requirements of their stakeholders. Though some e-journal consortia are in operational in India, still access to scholarly knowledge has so many issues. In this context, it is suggested that at least one electronic journal may be published by each university in India without duplication in subjects so that a least about 400 electronic journals can be published by this country.