DENTAL PROBLEMS Kano dental presentation © 2011
Introduction  <ul><li>Tooth is a bone like structure in the mouth embedded in jaw bones </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li><...
Tooth anatomy
Dental problems  <ul><li>Dental problems remain one of the most common diseases affecting mankind </li></ul><ul><li>The ph...
<ul><li>The most common dental problems include:- </li></ul><ul><li>Dental caries </li></ul><ul><li>Gum (periodontal) cond...
<ul><li>LESSON ONE </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth decay (dental caries) </li></ul>
Tooth decay (Dental caries) <ul><li>Is the demineralization/destruction of the hard tooth substances by the acid produced ...
What causes tooth decay? <ul><li>Tooth decay  is caused by the bacteria  in dental plaque </li></ul><ul><li>The bacteria f...
Primary factors for tooth decay bacteria tooth Sugary food Decay (caries) TIME
Progression of a cavity <ul><li>Outer layer (enamel) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle layer (dentine) </li></ul><ul><li>Inner laye...
Clinical picture of caries
Signs and symptoms of decay <ul><li>Chalky white spots- initial decay </li></ul><ul><li>See through blackish discoloration...
Prevention of teeth decay <ul><li>home care  </li></ul><ul><li>professional care   </li></ul>
Home care  <ul><li>Regular proper brushing & flossing, at least twice daily </li></ul><ul><li>Eat healthy foods such as fr...
Professional care <ul><li>Visit dental clinic at least two times a year- </li></ul><ul><li>routine checkups for  early  de...
Treatment <ul><li>Remineralisation technique </li></ul><ul><li>Fillings </li></ul><ul><li>Root canal treatment </li></ul><...
Decayed teeth before and after treatment Decayed lower Rat. 1 st  premolar (irr. pulpitis) The premolar tooth after root c...
<ul><li>END OF LESSON ONE </li></ul>
<ul><li>LESSON TWO </li></ul><ul><li>Gums disease (periodontal conditions) </li></ul>
Gum disease
What is gum disease? <ul><li>Gum disease is an inflammation or infection of the gums and or bone supporting the tooth </li...
What causes gum disease? <ul><li>Layer of bacteria on teeth surface (Dental plaque and calculus) </li></ul><ul><li>Trauma ...
Food debris, dental plaque and calculus  <ul><li>Food debris are white small particles on the teeth- easily rinsed off </l...
Risk factors to gum disease <ul><li>Poor oral hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes  </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure </...
Signs and symptoms <ul><li>Painful gums </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen and reddish gums </li></ul><ul><li>Easily bleeding gums ...
Treatment <ul><li>Early stage-proper tooth brushing </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling and polishing -+ medication </li></ul><ul><l...
Periodontal conditions <ul><li>Diseased gums </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy gums after proper brushing </li></ul>Generalized pl...
Teeth with tenacious calculus <ul><li>Before scaling </li></ul><ul><li>After scaling </li></ul>Pictures kano dental © 2011...
Prevention <ul><li>Proper brushing and flossing- at least twice daily </li></ul><ul><li>Regular visits to the dentist </li...
<ul><li>END OF LESSON TWO </li></ul>
<ul><li>LESSON THREE </li></ul><ul><li>Teeth malialignment </li></ul>
Teeth malialignment <ul><li>Improper teeth positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Improper jaw positioning </li></ul>
Effects of malialignment <ul><li>Unpleasant appearance-open mouth, protruded/ detruded chin </li></ul><ul><li>Risk teeth d...
Causes/risk factors <ul><li>Hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>Habits –finger sucking, object biting </li></ul><ul><li>Retained ...
Treatment  <ul><li>Serial extraction followed by spontaneous realignment </li></ul><ul><li>Removable orthodontic appliance...
Pictures of orthodontic patients <ul><li>Before treatment </li></ul><ul><li>After fixing FOA </li></ul>After treatment
Prevention  <ul><li>Routine check ups- early detection and mgt. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid bad habits </li></ul><ul><li>Use o...
<ul><li>THE END </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Health talk

4,061

Published on

the most prevalent dental problems are easily preventable. Visiting a dentist atleast twice a year will do wonders to you, try

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,061
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
15
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
165
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Health talk"

  1. 1. DENTAL PROBLEMS Kano dental presentation © 2011
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Tooth is a bone like structure in the mouth embedded in jaw bones </li></ul><ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Digestive apparatus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>piercing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grinding-chewing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phonation </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tooth anatomy
  4. 4. Dental problems <ul><li>Dental problems remain one of the most common diseases affecting mankind </li></ul><ul><li>The physical, social and economic impact on individuals and the nation can not be over emphasized </li></ul><ul><li>However this area of health has not received the attention it deserves </li></ul><ul><li>The trend whereby the public attend dental only when they are in pain continue unabated </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The most common dental problems include:- </li></ul><ul><li>Dental caries </li></ul><ul><li>Gum (periodontal) conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Teeth malialignment </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>LESSON ONE </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth decay (dental caries) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tooth decay (Dental caries) <ul><li>Is the demineralization/destruction of the hard tooth substances by the acid produced by bacteria feeding on surgery food in the mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Most common disease that destroys teeth and can result in the loss of teeth if not treated </li></ul><ul><li>Transmissible disease (infectious) </li></ul>
  8. 8. What causes tooth decay? <ul><li>Tooth decay is caused by the bacteria in dental plaque </li></ul><ul><li>The bacteria feeds on the dietary sugars & releases acid, which dissolves & destroy </li></ul><ul><li>the teeth. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Primary factors for tooth decay bacteria tooth Sugary food Decay (caries) TIME
  10. 10. Progression of a cavity <ul><li>Outer layer (enamel) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle layer (dentine) </li></ul><ul><li>Inner layer (pulp) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Clinical picture of caries
  12. 12. Signs and symptoms of decay <ul><li>Chalky white spots- initial decay </li></ul><ul><li>See through blackish discoloration-unexposed cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Cavity of varying sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Painful teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling around gums and face </li></ul>
  13. 13. Prevention of teeth decay <ul><li>home care </li></ul><ul><li>professional care </li></ul>
  14. 14. Home care <ul><li>Regular proper brushing & flossing, at least twice daily </li></ul><ul><li>Eat healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce frequency of in between meals </li></ul><ul><li>Use fluoridated toothpaste </li></ul>
  15. 15. Professional care <ul><li>Visit dental clinic at least two times a year- </li></ul><ul><li>routine checkups for early detection & treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fissure sealants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple fillings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prescription of remineralisation agents (fluoride) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prescription of antimicrobials- chlorrhexidine </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Treatment <ul><li>Remineralisation technique </li></ul><ul><li>Fillings </li></ul><ul><li>Root canal treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Extraction followed by tooth replacement </li></ul>
  17. 17. Decayed teeth before and after treatment Decayed lower Rat. 1 st premolar (irr. pulpitis) The premolar tooth after root canal treatment and filling Pictures by Kano dental © 2011
  18. 18. <ul><li>END OF LESSON ONE </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>LESSON TWO </li></ul><ul><li>Gums disease (periodontal conditions) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Gum disease
  21. 21. What is gum disease? <ul><li>Gum disease is an inflammation or infection of the gums and or bone supporting the tooth </li></ul>
  22. 22. What causes gum disease? <ul><li>Layer of bacteria on teeth surface (Dental plaque and calculus) </li></ul><ul><li>Trauma from objects like tooth picks, poor fillings etc </li></ul>
  23. 23. Food debris, dental plaque and calculus <ul><li>Food debris are white small particles on the teeth- easily rinsed off </li></ul><ul><li>Dental plaque is a thin film of bacteria that sticks to teeth – yellow in colour can’t be rinsed off, removed by brushing & flossing </li></ul><ul><li>Calculus is calcified plaque- hard, brownish or darkish in colour- only removed by scaling </li></ul>
  24. 24. Risk factors to gum disease <ul><li>Poor oral hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoholism </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired immunity e.g. HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition </li></ul>
  25. 25. Signs and symptoms <ul><li>Painful gums </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen and reddish gums </li></ul><ul><li>Easily bleeding gums (on brushing, eating hard foods like epos, sugarcane etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Bad smell from the mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Yellowish, brownish or black deposits on teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Shaking and displacement of teeth </li></ul>
  26. 26. Treatment <ul><li>Early stage-proper tooth brushing </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling and polishing -+ medication </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery in advanced stages </li></ul><ul><li>Teeth extraction- last option </li></ul>
  27. 27. Periodontal conditions <ul><li>Diseased gums </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy gums after proper brushing </li></ul>Generalized plaque, mild calculus and swollen reddish gums
  28. 28. Teeth with tenacious calculus <ul><li>Before scaling </li></ul><ul><li>After scaling </li></ul>Pictures kano dental © 2011 calculus
  29. 29. Prevention <ul><li>Proper brushing and flossing- at least twice daily </li></ul><ul><li>Regular visits to the dentist </li></ul><ul><li>Eating healthy foods rich in vitamin C </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid risk factors-alcohol, smoking etc </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate use of tooth picks </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>END OF LESSON TWO </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>LESSON THREE </li></ul><ul><li>Teeth malialignment </li></ul>
  32. 32. Teeth malialignment <ul><li>Improper teeth positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Improper jaw positioning </li></ul>
  33. 33. Effects of malialignment <ul><li>Unpleasant appearance-open mouth, protruded/ detruded chin </li></ul><ul><li>Risk teeth decay and gum disease </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired chewing </li></ul><ul><li>Jaw joint problems (TMJ problems) </li></ul>
  34. 34. Causes/risk factors <ul><li>Hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>Habits –finger sucking, object biting </li></ul><ul><li>Retained or delayed exfoliation of baby teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Very early loss of baby teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Teeth extraction </li></ul><ul><li>Gum disease </li></ul>
  35. 35. Treatment <ul><li>Serial extraction followed by spontaneous realignment </li></ul><ul><li>Removable orthodontic appliances (ROA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depend on pt. compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fixed orthodontic appliances (FOA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fast </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best results-before 17yrs </li></ul>
  36. 36. Pictures of orthodontic patients <ul><li>Before treatment </li></ul><ul><li>After fixing FOA </li></ul>After treatment
  37. 37. Prevention <ul><li>Routine check ups- early detection and mgt. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid bad habits </li></ul><ul><li>Use of space maintainer in early exfoliation </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of dental caries </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>THE END </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×