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Servers Technologies and Enterprise Data Center Trends 2014 - Thailand
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Servers Technologies and Enterprise Data Center Trends 2014 - Thailand

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The slide was prepared for Linux/Unix class lecture at Department of Computer Engineering, Chulalongkorn University in Jan 2014.

The slide was prepared for Linux/Unix class lecture at Department of Computer Engineering, Chulalongkorn University in Jan 2014.

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  • 1. Aruj Thirawat Throughwave Thailand Server Technologies and Enterprise Data Center Trends 2014 1
  • 2. WHY YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THIS?
  • 3. ALL ABOUT SERVERS
  • 4. Server 1U • Rack Server 2U • Tower Server Tower/4U 4
  • 5. Rack 5
  • 6. Mainboard / Motherboard 6
  • 7. CPU • Single CPU – High GHz – Less Cores – Less Cache • Dual CPUs – Average GHz – Many Cores – Average Cache • Multiple CPUs – Less GHz – Many Cores – More Cache 7
  • 8. CPU (Intel E3-1280v3) 8
  • 9. CPU (Intel E3-1280v3) 9
  • 10. CPU (Intel E5-2690 v2) 10
  • 11. CPU (Intel E5-2690 v2) 11
  • 12. CPU (Intel E7-8870) 12
  • 13. CPU (Intel E7-8870) 13
  • 14. CPU (Intel Atom) 14
  • 15. CPU (Intel Atom SoC) 15
  • 16. RAM • SODIMM – 1-8GB • UDIMM – 1-8GB (Non ECC) – 1-4GB (ECC) • RDIMM – 8-16GB (ECC) • LRDIMM – 32-64GB (ECC) 16
  • 17. Mainboard / Motherboard (Again) 17
  • 18. Mainboard / Motherboard (Again) 18
  • 19. Hard Drives • SATA vs SAS • 3.5” vs 2.5” 19
  • 20. SATA Hard Drives • RPM – 5,400 RPM – 7,200 RPM • Speed – 1.5Gbps – 3Gbps (SATA2) – 6Gbps (SATA3) 20
  • 21. SATA Hard Drives 21
  • 22. SAS Hard Drives • RPM – 7,200 RPM (Nearline SAS) – 10,000 RPM – 15,000 RPM • Speed – 3Gbps – 6Gbps (SAS2) – 12Gbps (SAS3) 22
  • 23. SAS Hard Drives 23
  • 24. 2.5” Hard Drives • SATA Drives (7,200 RPM) – – – – 250GB 500GB 750GB 1,000GB • SAS Drives (10,000 RPM) – – – – – – 147GB (10,000/15,000RPM) 300GB (10,000/15,000RPM) 450GB 600GB 900GB 1,200GB 24
  • 25. 3.5” Hard Drives • SATA Drives/Nearline SAS Drives (7,200 RPM) – – – – 1TB 2TB 3TB 4TB • SAS Drives (15,000 RPM) – – – – 300GB 450GB 600GB 900GB 25
  • 26. Disk on Module (Option) 26
  • 27. Solid State Drives • 2.5” Solid State Drives – – – – – – 40GB 80GB 120GB 240GB 480GB 960GB 27
  • 28. Solid State Drives 28
  • 29. RAID Controllers (Option) 29
  • 30. RAID Controllers (Option) 30
  • 31. RAID Controllers (Option) 31
  • 32. SAS/SATA Controller (Option) 32
  • 33. PCI-E SSD (Option) 33
  • 34. Network Interface (Option) • Ethernet: 1/10/40Gbps (100Gbps is coming) – UTP/SFP, UTP/SFP+/XFP, QSFP+ • Infiniband: 20/40/56Gbps 34
  • 35. Host Bus Adapter (Option) • 8/16Gbps Fibre Channel Interface HBA 35
  • 36. GPU/MIC (Option) 36
  • 37. GPU/MIC (Option) 1x Super Workstation = 2x CPU + 1x NVIDIA Quadro + 1 or more NVIDIA TESLA 37
  • 38. GPU/MIC (Option) 38
  • 39. GPU/MIC (Option) 39
  • 40. IPMI (Option) 40
  • 41. Chassis 41
  • 42. Power Supply 42
  • 43. Internal UPS (Option) 43
  • 44. Server 44
  • 45. OTHER TYPES OF SERVER
  • 46. Server Form Factors 46
  • 47. Blade Servers 47
  • 48. Blade Servers (Enclosure Front) 48
  • 49. Blade Servers (Processor Blade) 49
  • 50. Blade Servers (Enclosure Back) 50
  • 51. Blade Servers (Modules) 51
  • 52. Micro Server 52
  • 53. Micro Server 53
  • 54. Micro Server 54
  • 55. STORAGE
  • 56. WHAT IS STORAGE?
  • 57. Storage Technology • Boost up Performance for all applications – Web, Database, Logs, etc. by hardware RAID , the number of hard drives and Caching Technology • High Capacity to keep all data – Backup, Log, Database, Multimedia, Flow Collection, etc. with high reliability by RAID, Spare Drives and Backup Features 57
  • 58. Storage – Choosing Your Disks SATA – For Capacity SAS – For Higher Speed Solid State Disk – For Ultra High Speed!! 58
  • 59. Storage – Choose Configuration • SAN or NAS or Storage Server or JBOD • Controller – Single/Redundant • Power Supply – Single/Redundant • Host Interface – – – – 8/16Gbps Fibre Channel 1/10GbE iSCSI 6/12Gbps SAS 20/40/56Gbps Infiniband • Cache Size • No. of Drives 59
  • 60. SAN Storage vs NAS Storage 60
  • 61. High Availability Hardware Design • Hardware redundancy • Redundant, hot-swappable controllers, PSUs and fans eliminate single point of failure • Read/Write on RAID building • No need to wait until your RAID building is finished, start your service at the time you finish storage configuration! • CacheSafe technology • During a power outage, BBU provides power to write cache data into flash for permanent retention • LEDs and audible alarms • Easy component status monitoring Redundant Power Supplies & Fans Redundant Controllers 61
  • 62. Servers with Direct Attach Storage (DAS) 62
  • 63. Servers with Storage Area Network (SAN) 63
  • 64. Multipath 64
  • 65. Thin Provisioning 65
  • 66. Snapshot 66
  • 67. Volume Copy 67
  • 68. Remote Replication 68
  • 69. JBOD – Just a Bunch of Disks (Option) • Storage box with no controllers. Using JBOD by connecting it to the existing storage controller. 69
  • 70. Storage Server 70
  • 71. OPERATING SYSTEMS
  • 72. Basic Operating Systems • MS Windows Server • Linux • Unix 72
  • 73. Build Your Hardware Appliance • Choose your hardware – OEM from others – Design your own hardware • Install hardened OS – Hardened Linux – Hardened Unix – Windows OEM • Install software for specfic purposes – – – – – Storage (FreeNAS, Nexenta, Cloudian) Load Balancer / Cache (HA Proxy, Varnish) Web Proxy (Squid) Log (Syslog, Splunk) Etc… (VoIP, Network Monitoring, Server Management, Firewall, IPS, Database, …) 73
  • 74. Build Your Hardware Appliance • Install hardened OS – Hardened Linux – Hardened Unix – Windows OEM 74
  • 75. Build Your Hardware Appliance • Install software for specfic purposes – – – – – Storage (FreeNAS, Nexenta, Cloudian) Load Balancer / Cache (HA Proxy, Varnish) Web Proxy (Squid) Log (Syslog, Splunk) Etc… (VoIP, Network Monitoring, Server Management, Firewall, IPS, Database, …) 75
  • 76. Build Your Hardware Appliance 76
  • 77. Build Your Hardware Appliance 77
  • 78. SERVER DESIGN EXAMPLES
  • 79. Basic Windows Server • 1x 1U Server Chassis • 1x Intel Xeon E5-2620 (2GHz, 6Cores/12Threads) • 8GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM • 2x 500GB 7.2K RPM SATA (RAID1 onboard) • 2x 1GbE Network • 2x Redundant Power Supplies • Windows Server 2012 with 5 CALs 79
  • 80. Storage Server • 1x 1U Server Chassis • 1x Intel Xeon E5-2620 (2GHz, 6Cores/12Threads) • 8GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM • 1x Hardware RAID Controller (RAID 0,1,5,6,10,50,60) with 1GB Cache • 2x 500GB 7.2K RPM SATA (RAID1 for OS) • 10x 4000GB 7.2K RPM Nearline SAS (RAID6 for Data) • 4x 1GbE Network • 2x Redundant Power Supplies • FreeNAS 80
  • 81. VMware Solution • 3x Hypervisor Servers. Each contains: – – – – – – 2x Intel E5-2690 v2 (3GHz, 10Cores/20Threads) 384GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM 1x 8GB USB for Hypervisor 2x 1GbE Network Interface 1x 2-ports 8Gbps Fibre Channel HBA VMware vSphere • 1x SAN Storage – – – – 2x Controllers 32GB Cache 8x 8Gbps Fibre Channel Interfaces 96x 600GB 15,000RPM SAS Drives 81
  • 82. Render Farm • 1x MicroServer. 8 servers inside. Each contains: – 2x Intel E5-2690 v2 (3GHz, 10Cores/20Threads) – 128GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM – 1x 300GB 15,000RPM SAS – 2x 1GbE Network Interface – Windows 7 • 4x Redundant Power Supplies 82
  • 83. HYPERVISORS / VIRTUALIZATION
  • 84. Type 1 vs Type 2 Hypervisors 84
  • 85. Hypervisor Management 85
  • 86. Server Virtualization 86
  • 87. Live Migration/High Availability/Dynamic Resource Scheduling 87
  • 88. Cloud Controller Cloud Controller Hypervisor Servers SAN Storages 88
  • 89. Other Features • • • • Server Templates Load Balancing Billing Etc… 89
  • 90. Software Defined … • Software Defined Server • Software Defined Storage • Software Defined Networking • Sofware Defined Security 90
  • 91. Software Defined Data Center 91
  • 92. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure • Virtual Desktop Infrastructure = VDI • Virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) is the practice of hosting a desktop operating system within a virtual machine (VM) running on a hosted, centralized or remote server. – From Wikipedia • VDI = Desktop Virtualization! 92
  • 93. Example 1 - Citrix XenDesktop 93
  • 94. Example 2 - VMware View 94
  • 95. Application Virtualization • Virtual application delivery lets IT manage a single instance of each application in an application hub in the datacenter. Applications are then delivered via application streaming to Windows PCs for offline use or run on high-powered servers in the datacenter for online use on any device or operating system. – From Citrix XenApp 95
  • 96. Q&A