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Aruj Thirawat
Throughwave Thailand

Server Technologies and Enterprise
Data Center Trends 2014
1
WHY YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT
THIS?
ALL ABOUT SERVERS
Server
1U

• Rack Server

2U

• Tower Server
Tower/4U

4
Rack

5
Mainboard / Motherboard

6
CPU
• Single CPU
– High GHz
– Less Cores
– Less Cache

• Dual CPUs
– Average GHz
– Many Cores
– Average Cache

• Multiple ...
CPU (Intel E3-1280v3)

8
CPU (Intel E3-1280v3)

9
CPU (Intel E5-2690 v2)

10
CPU (Intel E5-2690 v2)

11
CPU (Intel E7-8870)

12
CPU (Intel E7-8870)

13
CPU (Intel Atom)

14
CPU (Intel Atom SoC)

15
RAM
• SODIMM
– 1-8GB

• UDIMM
– 1-8GB (Non ECC)
– 1-4GB (ECC)

• RDIMM
– 8-16GB (ECC)

• LRDIMM
– 32-64GB (ECC)

16
Mainboard / Motherboard (Again)

17
Mainboard / Motherboard (Again)

18
Hard Drives
• SATA vs SAS

• 3.5” vs 2.5”

19
SATA Hard Drives
• RPM
– 5,400 RPM
– 7,200 RPM

• Speed
– 1.5Gbps
– 3Gbps (SATA2)
– 6Gbps (SATA3)

20
SATA Hard Drives

21
SAS Hard Drives
• RPM
– 7,200 RPM (Nearline SAS)
– 10,000 RPM
– 15,000 RPM

• Speed
– 3Gbps
– 6Gbps (SAS2)
– 12Gbps (SAS3)...
SAS Hard Drives

23
2.5” Hard Drives
• SATA Drives (7,200 RPM)
–
–
–
–

250GB
500GB
750GB
1,000GB

• SAS Drives (10,000 RPM)
–
–
–
–
–
–

147G...
3.5” Hard Drives
• SATA Drives/Nearline SAS Drives (7,200 RPM)
–
–
–
–

1TB
2TB
3TB
4TB

• SAS Drives (15,000 RPM)
–
–
–
–...
Disk on Module (Option)

26
Solid State Drives
• 2.5” Solid State Drives
–
–
–
–
–
–

40GB
80GB
120GB
240GB
480GB
960GB

27
Solid State Drives

28
RAID Controllers (Option)

29
RAID Controllers (Option)

30
RAID Controllers (Option)

31
SAS/SATA Controller (Option)

32
PCI-E SSD (Option)

33
Network Interface (Option)
• Ethernet: 1/10/40Gbps (100Gbps is coming)
– UTP/SFP, UTP/SFP+/XFP, QSFP+

• Infiniband: 20/40...
Host Bus Adapter (Option)
• 8/16Gbps Fibre Channel Interface HBA

35
GPU/MIC (Option)

36
GPU/MIC (Option)

1x Super Workstation =
2x CPU
+ 1x NVIDIA Quadro
+ 1 or more NVIDIA TESLA

37
GPU/MIC (Option)

38
GPU/MIC (Option)

39
IPMI (Option)

40
Chassis

41
Power Supply

42
Internal UPS (Option)

43
Server

44
OTHER TYPES OF SERVER
Server Form Factors

46
Blade Servers

47
Blade Servers (Enclosure Front)

48
Blade Servers (Processor Blade)

49
Blade Servers (Enclosure Back)

50
Blade Servers (Modules)

51
Micro Server

52
Micro Server

53
Micro Server

54
STORAGE
WHAT IS STORAGE?
Storage Technology
• Boost up Performance for all applications –
Web, Database, Logs, etc. by hardware RAID , the
number o...
Storage – Choosing Your Disks

SATA – For
Capacity

SAS – For
Higher Speed

Solid State
Disk – For
Ultra High
Speed!!

58
Storage – Choose Configuration
• SAN or NAS or Storage Server or JBOD
• Controller
– Single/Redundant

• Power Supply
– Si...
SAN Storage vs NAS Storage

60
High Availability Hardware Design
•

Hardware redundancy

• Redundant, hot-swappable controllers, PSUs and fans eliminate
...
Servers with Direct Attach Storage
(DAS)

62
Servers with Storage Area Network
(SAN)

63
Multipath

64
Thin Provisioning

65
Snapshot

66
Volume Copy

67
Remote Replication

68
JBOD – Just a Bunch of Disks
(Option)
• Storage box with no controllers. Using JBOD by
connecting it to the existing stora...
Storage Server

70
OPERATING SYSTEMS
Basic Operating Systems
• MS Windows Server
• Linux
• Unix

72
Build Your Hardware Appliance
• Choose your hardware
– OEM from others
– Design your own hardware

• Install hardened OS
–...
Build Your Hardware Appliance
• Install hardened OS
– Hardened Linux
– Hardened Unix
– Windows OEM

74
Build Your Hardware Appliance
• Install software for specfic purposes
–
–
–
–
–

Storage (FreeNAS, Nexenta, Cloudian)
Load...
Build Your Hardware Appliance

76
Build Your Hardware Appliance

77
SERVER DESIGN EXAMPLES
Basic Windows Server
• 1x 1U Server Chassis
• 1x Intel Xeon E5-2620
(2GHz, 6Cores/12Threads)
• 8GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM
• 2x 500...
Storage Server
• 1x 1U Server Chassis
• 1x Intel Xeon E5-2620
(2GHz, 6Cores/12Threads)
• 8GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM
• 1x Hardware ...
VMware Solution
• 3x Hypervisor Servers. Each contains:
–
–
–
–
–
–

2x Intel E5-2690 v2 (3GHz, 10Cores/20Threads)
384GB D...
Render Farm
• 1x MicroServer. 8 servers
inside. Each contains:
– 2x Intel E5-2690 v2
(3GHz, 10Cores/20Threads)
– 128GB DDR...
HYPERVISORS / VIRTUALIZATION
Type 1 vs Type 2 Hypervisors

84
Hypervisor Management

85
Server Virtualization

86
Live Migration/High Availability/Dynamic
Resource Scheduling

87
Cloud Controller
Cloud Controller
Hypervisor
Servers

SAN Storages
88
Other Features
•
•
•
•

Server Templates
Load Balancing
Billing
Etc…

89
Software Defined …
• Software Defined Server

• Software Defined Storage
• Software Defined Networking
• Sofware Defined S...
Software Defined Data Center

91
Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
• Virtual Desktop Infrastructure = VDI

• Virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) is the pract...
Example 1 - Citrix XenDesktop

93
Example 2 - VMware View

94
Application Virtualization
• Virtual application delivery lets IT manage a single instance of each
application in an appli...
Q&A
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Servers Technologies and Enterprise Data Center Trends 2014 - Thailand

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Transcript of "Servers Technologies and Enterprise Data Center Trends 2014 - Thailand"

  1. 1. Aruj Thirawat Throughwave Thailand Server Technologies and Enterprise Data Center Trends 2014 1
  2. 2. WHY YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THIS?
  3. 3. ALL ABOUT SERVERS
  4. 4. Server 1U • Rack Server 2U • Tower Server Tower/4U 4
  5. 5. Rack 5
  6. 6. Mainboard / Motherboard 6
  7. 7. CPU • Single CPU – High GHz – Less Cores – Less Cache • Dual CPUs – Average GHz – Many Cores – Average Cache • Multiple CPUs – Less GHz – Many Cores – More Cache 7
  8. 8. CPU (Intel E3-1280v3) 8
  9. 9. CPU (Intel E3-1280v3) 9
  10. 10. CPU (Intel E5-2690 v2) 10
  11. 11. CPU (Intel E5-2690 v2) 11
  12. 12. CPU (Intel E7-8870) 12
  13. 13. CPU (Intel E7-8870) 13
  14. 14. CPU (Intel Atom) 14
  15. 15. CPU (Intel Atom SoC) 15
  16. 16. RAM • SODIMM – 1-8GB • UDIMM – 1-8GB (Non ECC) – 1-4GB (ECC) • RDIMM – 8-16GB (ECC) • LRDIMM – 32-64GB (ECC) 16
  17. 17. Mainboard / Motherboard (Again) 17
  18. 18. Mainboard / Motherboard (Again) 18
  19. 19. Hard Drives • SATA vs SAS • 3.5” vs 2.5” 19
  20. 20. SATA Hard Drives • RPM – 5,400 RPM – 7,200 RPM • Speed – 1.5Gbps – 3Gbps (SATA2) – 6Gbps (SATA3) 20
  21. 21. SATA Hard Drives 21
  22. 22. SAS Hard Drives • RPM – 7,200 RPM (Nearline SAS) – 10,000 RPM – 15,000 RPM • Speed – 3Gbps – 6Gbps (SAS2) – 12Gbps (SAS3) 22
  23. 23. SAS Hard Drives 23
  24. 24. 2.5” Hard Drives • SATA Drives (7,200 RPM) – – – – 250GB 500GB 750GB 1,000GB • SAS Drives (10,000 RPM) – – – – – – 147GB (10,000/15,000RPM) 300GB (10,000/15,000RPM) 450GB 600GB 900GB 1,200GB 24
  25. 25. 3.5” Hard Drives • SATA Drives/Nearline SAS Drives (7,200 RPM) – – – – 1TB 2TB 3TB 4TB • SAS Drives (15,000 RPM) – – – – 300GB 450GB 600GB 900GB 25
  26. 26. Disk on Module (Option) 26
  27. 27. Solid State Drives • 2.5” Solid State Drives – – – – – – 40GB 80GB 120GB 240GB 480GB 960GB 27
  28. 28. Solid State Drives 28
  29. 29. RAID Controllers (Option) 29
  30. 30. RAID Controllers (Option) 30
  31. 31. RAID Controllers (Option) 31
  32. 32. SAS/SATA Controller (Option) 32
  33. 33. PCI-E SSD (Option) 33
  34. 34. Network Interface (Option) • Ethernet: 1/10/40Gbps (100Gbps is coming) – UTP/SFP, UTP/SFP+/XFP, QSFP+ • Infiniband: 20/40/56Gbps 34
  35. 35. Host Bus Adapter (Option) • 8/16Gbps Fibre Channel Interface HBA 35
  36. 36. GPU/MIC (Option) 36
  37. 37. GPU/MIC (Option) 1x Super Workstation = 2x CPU + 1x NVIDIA Quadro + 1 or more NVIDIA TESLA 37
  38. 38. GPU/MIC (Option) 38
  39. 39. GPU/MIC (Option) 39
  40. 40. IPMI (Option) 40
  41. 41. Chassis 41
  42. 42. Power Supply 42
  43. 43. Internal UPS (Option) 43
  44. 44. Server 44
  45. 45. OTHER TYPES OF SERVER
  46. 46. Server Form Factors 46
  47. 47. Blade Servers 47
  48. 48. Blade Servers (Enclosure Front) 48
  49. 49. Blade Servers (Processor Blade) 49
  50. 50. Blade Servers (Enclosure Back) 50
  51. 51. Blade Servers (Modules) 51
  52. 52. Micro Server 52
  53. 53. Micro Server 53
  54. 54. Micro Server 54
  55. 55. STORAGE
  56. 56. WHAT IS STORAGE?
  57. 57. Storage Technology • Boost up Performance for all applications – Web, Database, Logs, etc. by hardware RAID , the number of hard drives and Caching Technology • High Capacity to keep all data – Backup, Log, Database, Multimedia, Flow Collection, etc. with high reliability by RAID, Spare Drives and Backup Features 57
  58. 58. Storage – Choosing Your Disks SATA – For Capacity SAS – For Higher Speed Solid State Disk – For Ultra High Speed!! 58
  59. 59. Storage – Choose Configuration • SAN or NAS or Storage Server or JBOD • Controller – Single/Redundant • Power Supply – Single/Redundant • Host Interface – – – – 8/16Gbps Fibre Channel 1/10GbE iSCSI 6/12Gbps SAS 20/40/56Gbps Infiniband • Cache Size • No. of Drives 59
  60. 60. SAN Storage vs NAS Storage 60
  61. 61. High Availability Hardware Design • Hardware redundancy • Redundant, hot-swappable controllers, PSUs and fans eliminate single point of failure • Read/Write on RAID building • No need to wait until your RAID building is finished, start your service at the time you finish storage configuration! • CacheSafe technology • During a power outage, BBU provides power to write cache data into flash for permanent retention • LEDs and audible alarms • Easy component status monitoring Redundant Power Supplies & Fans Redundant Controllers 61
  62. 62. Servers with Direct Attach Storage (DAS) 62
  63. 63. Servers with Storage Area Network (SAN) 63
  64. 64. Multipath 64
  65. 65. Thin Provisioning 65
  66. 66. Snapshot 66
  67. 67. Volume Copy 67
  68. 68. Remote Replication 68
  69. 69. JBOD – Just a Bunch of Disks (Option) • Storage box with no controllers. Using JBOD by connecting it to the existing storage controller. 69
  70. 70. Storage Server 70
  71. 71. OPERATING SYSTEMS
  72. 72. Basic Operating Systems • MS Windows Server • Linux • Unix 72
  73. 73. Build Your Hardware Appliance • Choose your hardware – OEM from others – Design your own hardware • Install hardened OS – Hardened Linux – Hardened Unix – Windows OEM • Install software for specfic purposes – – – – – Storage (FreeNAS, Nexenta, Cloudian) Load Balancer / Cache (HA Proxy, Varnish) Web Proxy (Squid) Log (Syslog, Splunk) Etc… (VoIP, Network Monitoring, Server Management, Firewall, IPS, Database, …) 73
  74. 74. Build Your Hardware Appliance • Install hardened OS – Hardened Linux – Hardened Unix – Windows OEM 74
  75. 75. Build Your Hardware Appliance • Install software for specfic purposes – – – – – Storage (FreeNAS, Nexenta, Cloudian) Load Balancer / Cache (HA Proxy, Varnish) Web Proxy (Squid) Log (Syslog, Splunk) Etc… (VoIP, Network Monitoring, Server Management, Firewall, IPS, Database, …) 75
  76. 76. Build Your Hardware Appliance 76
  77. 77. Build Your Hardware Appliance 77
  78. 78. SERVER DESIGN EXAMPLES
  79. 79. Basic Windows Server • 1x 1U Server Chassis • 1x Intel Xeon E5-2620 (2GHz, 6Cores/12Threads) • 8GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM • 2x 500GB 7.2K RPM SATA (RAID1 onboard) • 2x 1GbE Network • 2x Redundant Power Supplies • Windows Server 2012 with 5 CALs 79
  80. 80. Storage Server • 1x 1U Server Chassis • 1x Intel Xeon E5-2620 (2GHz, 6Cores/12Threads) • 8GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM • 1x Hardware RAID Controller (RAID 0,1,5,6,10,50,60) with 1GB Cache • 2x 500GB 7.2K RPM SATA (RAID1 for OS) • 10x 4000GB 7.2K RPM Nearline SAS (RAID6 for Data) • 4x 1GbE Network • 2x Redundant Power Supplies • FreeNAS 80
  81. 81. VMware Solution • 3x Hypervisor Servers. Each contains: – – – – – – 2x Intel E5-2690 v2 (3GHz, 10Cores/20Threads) 384GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM 1x 8GB USB for Hypervisor 2x 1GbE Network Interface 1x 2-ports 8Gbps Fibre Channel HBA VMware vSphere • 1x SAN Storage – – – – 2x Controllers 32GB Cache 8x 8Gbps Fibre Channel Interfaces 96x 600GB 15,000RPM SAS Drives 81
  82. 82. Render Farm • 1x MicroServer. 8 servers inside. Each contains: – 2x Intel E5-2690 v2 (3GHz, 10Cores/20Threads) – 128GB DDR3 ECC RDIMM – 1x 300GB 15,000RPM SAS – 2x 1GbE Network Interface – Windows 7 • 4x Redundant Power Supplies 82
  83. 83. HYPERVISORS / VIRTUALIZATION
  84. 84. Type 1 vs Type 2 Hypervisors 84
  85. 85. Hypervisor Management 85
  86. 86. Server Virtualization 86
  87. 87. Live Migration/High Availability/Dynamic Resource Scheduling 87
  88. 88. Cloud Controller Cloud Controller Hypervisor Servers SAN Storages 88
  89. 89. Other Features • • • • Server Templates Load Balancing Billing Etc… 89
  90. 90. Software Defined … • Software Defined Server • Software Defined Storage • Software Defined Networking • Sofware Defined Security 90
  91. 91. Software Defined Data Center 91
  92. 92. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure • Virtual Desktop Infrastructure = VDI • Virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) is the practice of hosting a desktop operating system within a virtual machine (VM) running on a hosted, centralized or remote server. – From Wikipedia • VDI = Desktop Virtualization! 92
  93. 93. Example 1 - Citrix XenDesktop 93
  94. 94. Example 2 - VMware View 94
  95. 95. Application Virtualization • Virtual application delivery lets IT manage a single instance of each application in an application hub in the datacenter. Applications are then delivered via application streaming to Windows PCs for offline use or run on high-powered servers in the datacenter for online use on any device or operating system. – From Citrix XenApp 95
  96. 96. Q&A

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