Gynecology The study of the female reproductive system is the medical specialty of gynecology. Literally, outside medicine, it means "the science of women”. It is the counterpart to andrology, which deals with medical issues specific to the male reproductive system.
Pregnancy The time required for the development of a fetus is called pregnancy. During pregnancy the body and the fetus changes week by week. Pregnancy consists of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters.
First Trimester The first trimester is week 1- 12. During the first trimester your body undergoes many changes. Your period stopping is a clear sign that you are pregnant.
First Trimester Cont. Other changes may include: Extreme tiredness Tender, swollen breasts. Your nipples might also stick out. Upset stomach with or without throwing up (morning sickness) Cravings or distaste for certain foods Mood swings
Second Trimester The second trimester is week 13-28. Most women find the second trimester of pregnancy easier than the first. Symptoms like nausea and fatigue are going away. The abdomen will expand as the baby continues to grow.
Second Trimester Cont. Stretch marks become more visible.
Uterus The organ in which the developing fetus resides is called the uterus. The uterus (womb) is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen between the bladder and the rectum. In women of childbearing age, the inner layer of the uterus (endometrium) goes through a series of monthly changes known as the menstrual cycle.
Uterus Cont. Each month, endometrial tissue grows and thickens in preparation to receive a fertilized egg. Menstruation occurs when this tissue is not used, disintegrates, and passes out through the vagina.